On June 5, 1933, Congress passed House Joint Resolution (HJR 192).
HJR 192 was passed to suspend the gold standard and abrogate the gold
clause in the national constitution. Since then no one in America has
been able to lawfully pay a debt. This resolution declared:
"To assure uniform value to the coins and
currencies of the Unites States,
Whereas the holding of or dealing in gold affect public interest, and are
therefore subject to proper regulation and restriction; and
Whereas the existing emergency has disclosed that provisions of obligations which purport to give the obligee a
right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency of
the United States, or in an amount in money of the United States measured
thereby, obstruct the power of the Congress to regulate the value of the money
of the United States, and are inconsistent with the declared policy of the
Congress to maintain at all times the equal power of every dollar, coined or
issued by the United States, in the markets and in the payment of debts,
Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the Senate and House of t Representative of
the United States of America in Congress assembled, that
(a) every provision contained in or made with respect to any obligation which
purports to give the obligee a right to require payments in gold or a particular
kind of coin or currency, or in an amount in money of the United States measured
thereby, is declared to be against public policy; and no such provision
shall be contained in or made with respect to any obligation hereafter incurred.
Every obligation, heretofore or hereafter incurred, whether or not any
such provision is contained therein or made with respect thereto, shall be
discharged upon payment, dollar for dollar, in any coin or currency which at
time of payment is legal tender for public and private debts. Any such
provision contained in any law authorizing obligations to be issued by or under
authority of the United States, is herby repealed, but the repeal of any such
provision shall not invalidate any other provision or authority contained in
(b) As used in this resolution, the term 'obligation' means any obligation
(including every obligation of and to the United States, excepting currency)
payable in money of the United States; and the term 'coin or currency' means
coin or currency of the United States, including Federal Reserve notes and
circulating notes of Federal Reserve banks and national banking associations.
Sec. 2 The last sentence of paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of section 43 of the
Act entitled 'An Act to relieve the existing national economic emergency by
increasing agricultural purchasing power, to raise revenue for extraordinary
expenses incurred by reason of such emergency, to provide emergency relief with
respect to agricultural indebtedness, to provide for the orderly liquidation of
joint-stock land banks, and of other purposes;, approved May 12, 1933, is
amended to read as follows:
"All coins and currencies of the United Stated (including Federal Reserve
notes and circulating notes of the Federal Reserve banks and national banking
associations) heretofore or hereafter coined or issued, shall be legal tender
for all debts, public and private, public charges, taxes, duties, and dues,
except that gold coins, when below the standard weight and limit of tolerance
provided by law for the single piece, shall be legal tender only at valuation in
proportion to their actual weight.'
Approved, June 5, 1933, 4:40 p.m. 31 U.S.C.A. 462, 463
House Joint Resolution 192, 73d Congress, Sess. I, Ch. 48, June 5, 1933 (Public Law No. 10
Note: "payment of debt" is now against Congressional and "public
policy" and henceforth, "Every obligation . . . Shall be discharged."
As a result of HJR 192, and from that day forward (June 5, 1933), no
one in this nation has been able to lawfully pay a debt or lawfully own
anything. The only thing one can do, is tender in transfer of debts,
with the debt being perpetual. The suspension of the gold standard, and
prohibition against paying debts, removed the substance for our common
law to operate on, and created a void as far as the law is concerned.
This substance was replaced with a "PUBLIC NATIONAL CREDIT SYSTEM"
where debt is "LEGAL TENDER" money.
HJR 192 was implemented immediately. The day after President
Roosevelt signed the resolution, the treasury offered the public new
government securities, minus the traditional "payable in gold" clause.
192 states that one cannot demand a certain form of currency that they want to
receive if it is dollar for dollar. If you review the Modern
Money Mechanics article you will discover that all currency is your
credit! The Federal Reserve calls it "monetized debt."
The Implications for USans of HJR 192 of 1933 and the Strawman Illusion it created
Ron: In effect HJR 192 of 1933 provided that the one with the gold paid the bills. It removed the requirement that US
subjects and employees had to pay their debts with gold. It actually
prohibited the inclusion of a clause in all subsequent contracts that
would require payment in gold. It also retroactively cancelled the
clause in every US contract written prior to 5 June 1933, that required
an obligation to be paid in gold. It provided that US subjects and
employees could use any type of coin and currency to discharge a public debt as long as it was in use in the normal course of business in the US.
For a time, US Notes were the
currency used to discharge debts, but later the Federal Reserve System
and the corporate US provided a new medium of exchange through paper
notes, and debt instruments that could be passed on to a debtor's
creditors to discharge the debtor's debts. That same "currency" is
available to USans to use to discharge public debts.
The owner of a fictional corporate
name ("PERSON"), upon learning the law and discovering who s/he is in
relation to Corporate US, can file a UCC Financing Statement and
Security agreement registering his/her interest in the artificial
the US created after his/her mother applied for a birth certificate.
That action of registering the mother's biological property, her
recently birthed baby (substance), with relevant State authorities. The
US holds the paper title (form), not the substance (baby) but the act
of registration transfers title from the mother to Corporate US and colours its "legal" right to dictate how that baby may be raised, educated and cared for.
Accordingly, the United States is the holder of title to the artificial entity and, in effect by using the PERSON as collateral for a loan, on-sells (via a
warehouse receipt mechanism) the potential life-time productivity of the individual (YOU)
it represents. The loan using the PERSON as collateral gives rise to a trust account in the name
of the fictional corporate entity and the corporate US has a lien on
that trust account. That trust account reverts to consolidated revenue upon
your death unless YOU, the flesh and blood human individual, become
aware of your prior claim to a lien over that account and file a
Financing Statement claiming that lien. The name of the artificial
corporate entity is spelled in all capital letters (JOHN DOE).
When John Doe files the Financing Statement supported
by a Security Agreement signed by the artificial entity (JOHN DOE) - by John Doe as agent - and
the owner, (John Doe), he becomes the holder in due course of the title
to JOHN DOE. The Uniform commercial Code (UCC) and State commercial law are very specific about
the effect of a registered security interest. It has priority over most
other interests claimed in the same thing (in this case, the PERSON).
The owner of the name must notify
the US Secretary of the Treasury that s/he is going to handle his/her own
affairs in the future. S/he can file a Bill of Exchange with the
Secretary whereby s/he exchanges his/her PERSON's accepted-for-value
birth certificate and social security numbers, for a chargeback of all
the presumed charges brought against his/her PERSON since the birth
certificate was issued.
The owner can also reserve a noncash Federal Reserve routing number and any number of noncash instrument numbers by filing an amendment to his/her Financing Statement or just including
his/her reservation on the original Financing Statement. Each bank
account opened in the name of the owner's PERSON has a routing number.
If an account is open. it is available to process cash items. If you
write a cheque to a tradesman, it can be converted to cash at your
bank. Cheques cannot be written on accounts that have been closed.
Those accounts and their routing numbers are reserved for noncash items
for the PERSON (JOHN DOE) that opened the account originally. Accounts
that have been closed by the bank instead of the PERSON, should not be
used for noncash items. Once this is done, you are in a position to
start receiving reimbursements against the obligation the United States
owes to YOU for money and time it has received that belongs to YOU.
The owner of registered things, who
has learned the law and what his/her rights are, and has filed his
Financing Statement, Security Agreement, and Bill of Exchange; and
reserved his/her noncash account routing numbers, can issue an
instrument indicating his/her UCC registration number and registered
Federal Reserve routing number, the name of the public party making a
charge against the PERSON, and the amount of the debt to be discharged.
Think of the whole transaction in
relation to a dead battery. The battery represents your public PERSON
(JOHN DOE), which is a dead entity that can function within the public
maze of fiction, transmitting benefits from the public to you in
the private arena, IF it is charged up. You cannot go into the public arena
because you are NOT a fiction. JOHN DOE has no power until it is
charged with some energy. That energy comes from an IRS default notice,
court judgment, credit card bill, utility bill, traffic ticket, or some
other instrument that has a dollar amount and JOHN DOE's name on it as
the presumed debtor.
The bill is the energy. It charges up
the dead JOHN DOE. You can now discharge JOHN DOE and put its accrual
account with the charging party back to a zero balance.You as the
secured party over the assets put up as security by JOHN DOE to you as
collateral for the debt JOHN owes YOU, can discharge JOHN with a
negotiable instrument for the same dollar amount as the charging
instrument. The charging party that receives your noncash item can: 1)
process it through a United states department; 2) give it to a third
party; or 3) keep it to increase its liquidity.
The minute we accept an offer we
"own" it... and we control it, the 'negotiation' phase of the contract
is over. - all that remains is the 'consideration'. We've had our our meeting of the minds. (Remember: 'agree with the adversary quickly ...'
When we accept an offer for value we have basically acknowledged the
fact that there is no possible way to literally "pay" for that offer
in the public sector due to the constant state of 'reorganisation' of
the UNITED STATES under the bankruptcy laws and the fact there is no
actual "money" in general circulation.
Therefore, we accept the offer for
value by providing our signature on their paperwork. This action is
consistent with "Public policy" and the 'discharge' of pubic debt. Remember: We (the US people) are the Creditors in this bankruptcy! The corporate UNITED STATES is the debtor.