Part 9: Pandora's Box....The Springsteins.....The Secret Life and Death of Abraham Lincoln....Railroads and the Civil War
The Springsteins family came to America in the mid 1700s' and settled in the New Jersey and New York areas of the country. Later a portion of the family decided to move to the southern part of the country and settled in the Carolinas' and because of the native southerners, out right disliking for Jewish people, they changed their name to "Springs". This family is related to the notorious Rothschild family of the old country, which has been synonymous with money, power and control.
Leroy Springs, (far right) became the trustee, manager and President of the Lancaster Cotton Mill, for L.C. Payseur is claimed to have been born in 1861 and died in 1931. Leroy Springs has been identified as being an officer of the Confederacy and therefore subject to confiscation laws. The family claims that the Leroy Springs of 1861 was the owner of the worlds largest cotton mills. When in fact he only owned 36 shares out of 5,000 shares of Lancaster Cotton Mill. Therefore how could he have owned the company? According to the 1861 U.S. Census Bureau there was a Leroy Springs born at that time at the Fort Mills plantation, who was a slave of his master Leroy Springs and the records state that he was colored.
This same (Ex-Colonel) Leroy Springs was named as a beneficiary in his fathers' Will (A.A. Springs) in 1842 as well as being named in railroad bankruptcy proceedings in court in 1854 as co-trustee, (along with a Mr. William Johnston) for the Wilmington. Charlotte and Rutherfordton Railroad Company. Refer to chapter on Abraham Lincoln.
This same "Colonel". Leroy Springs was also declared Bankrupt as a result of the confiscation of his lands by the U.S. government after the Civil War for his treasonous acts as a confederate supporter, while living at his plantation in Fort Mills. S.C.). The Union did not forget nor forgive officers and supporters of the confederacy, and confiscated everything they had under acts of Treason. The records for Leroy Springs bankruptcy can be found in the bankruptcy records of the period of martial law following the Civil War (post 1865) in Micklenburg County Courthouse Archives, Charlotte. South Carolina.
The Springs made claims to their ownership of many railroads after the Civil War years but this is not possible because they lost everything for acts of treason and all the southern railroads had been confiscated and all previous stocks and bonds had been ordered "Destroyed". The railroads were sold, re-organized, and new stock issued. Old stock was worthless and no good. People who know the truth "must die out" before the Springs can "Claim their own lands and things", which they did not own.
Leroy Springs and the Lancaster Cotton Mills
When L.C. Payseur founded the Lancaster Cotton Mill the workforce did not like the idea of working for a "Yankee" (L.C. Payseur)". but they all knew "The Colonel" (Leroy Springs), and respected him. and they also knew he had been bankrupted by the post Civil War confiscation of his lands and assets. So L. C. Payseur hired him at $800.00 per year to run the mills.
"Colonel" Leroy Springs was at least 25 years older than L. C. Payseur (who was born in 1850). Springs occasionally escorted L.C. daughter (Lola Madelyn Payseur) before he married Miss Grace White (daughter of Captain White, another Confederate officer who had lost everything via treason post Civil War). It was commonly known that Miss Payseur did not like the looks of Leroy Springs as his face had been badly scarred by syphilis, (owing to his frequent forceful "fraternization" (this permissive problem seems to be genetically passed) with his colored slave girls). Moreover, the repulsion of not only Iola Madelyn, but the whole family, was compounded by Leroy's statements that "You aren't a Southern Gentleman 'till you've had a colored" (slave girl).
Leroy Springs (Springstein) had in his possession hundreds of papers, including grant deeds, warranty deeds, trust deeds, stock certificates from many well known companies, bonds, loan agreements and many other important papers, all of which had been given to him by Lewis Cass Payseur to be held in Trust. It used to be a common practice of Leroys to take some of these papers, whichever might be pertinent to the days' business, with him. and upon returning home at night, to replace them in his safe.
Leroy Springs was appointed, President of many of L.C. Payseurs' corporations, such as the railroads, banks and manufacture companies.
Leroy Springs died on April 7th, 1931, and his son and successor as a (trustee and manager), Elliott White Springs, found the briefcase, and in turn, the safe full of Lewis Cass Payseurs papers, and began to devise a way of embezzling those assets.
The following pages of pictures and documents are to show that Leroy Springs could not have been born during the Civil War and that he was a Colonel during the Civil War and lost everything for acts of treason and the probate papers filed by his son Elliot Springs show that he really died a man of only average wealth.
THE SECRET LIFE AND
DEATH OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Also Known as the Railroad Attorney
by Alex Christopher and Brian David Andersen
Little is really known about Abraham Lincoln and his early life.
As a researcher of old legal documents for many years now, one day while combing through all the old property records and wills in a small courthouse in central North Carolina, I stumbled on the prize of the century. In one of the old will books dated around 1840, I found the will of one A. A. Springs (who was the father of one Leroy Springs), he was at that time the person on whom the research was focused.
Upon reading this will I was shocked and amazed at the secret that it disclosed, but you have to remember that it is a known fact that wills, even though they are classified public records the same as property and corporation records, are rarely combed through as I had been doing. These records hold many dark secrets that can be hidden in public view, but are never uncovered because there are very few record sleuths out there.
People just don't make a practice of going to county and federal courthouses and reading public records. This practice of hiding secrets in public view can be assessed by anyone, because you are the "public". It has a double edge to it, because when things go nuts as far as the ownership of land, they can always say, "well it was there in the public records in plan view for any and all to find". Refer to chapter "Do you Own your Land"?
In the will of A. A. Springs was the list of his property. It went into detail to whom the property was to be dispersed and it included his children. I was looking in the records to find what railroads and banks this man might have owned and had left to his son Leroy Springs. I didn't find anything like that, but we did find the prize of the century. On the bottom of page three of four pages was the paragraph where the father left to his son an enormous amount of land in the state of Alabama which amounted to the land that is today known as Red Stone Arsonal in Huntsville, Alabama and then he went into detail to name the son and at first I couldn't believe what I was seeing, but there it was the name was one Abraham Lincoln. What! How was this possible? Was this a mistake? No it wasn't. His son was Abraham Lincoln.
With the information that we already had about the Springs (Springstein) family, this was just another twist to add to this already manipulative family. Refer to the chapter on the Springs.
This new information about Lincoln built a fire under me to see where this lead would take me, because everything thus far that we had uncovered in the railroad and banking saga had been a real mind-bender. I figured this one would be the same. I inquired to local archives and historical records on families and found a reference to one Abraham Lincoln in the family genealogy of the family of the Carolina by the name of McAdden. in a published genealogy on this family. The family members in the Carolinas were in a limited edition that at one time could be found in the public libraries. The section on Lincoln and the story goes something like this:
In the late spring of the year of 1808 Nancy Hanks, who was of the family lineage of the McAdden family was visiting some of her family in the community of Lincolnton. North Carolina. While on her stay with family in the Carolinas', she visited with many of the neighboring families that she had known for many years; one such visit was the Springs family. The sordid details had been omitted but obviously the young Nancy Hanks had found herself in a comprised position and was forced to succumb to the lust of A.A. Springs. She became pregnant as a result. There were no details of a love affair or an act of violence on a helpless female. Abraham Lincoln was the result of that act, which leads one to wonder if the name of Lincoln was real or a fabricated name for the area of conception. Lincolnton. Was there really a Thomas Lincoln? Since the Springs were of the race that called themselves Jewish, that made Lincoln part Jewish and as part of the Springs family, he also became a relative of the Rothschild family by blood.
This sparked questions in my mind as to just how involved Lincoln was with the inside knowledge of the international bankers plan at that time to control Americas banking system Was he placed in the office of President by southern family members which has family in Europe by the name of Rothschild? Was he supposed to help change this countries economic system according to the Rothschilds wishes? Did he betray the family and did they plot to discredit him?
Background information on Lincoln
A large part of the following information (which I blended with my information) found its way into my hands by one of those strange twist of events in 1992 because someone knew I was doing Civil War and Lincoln research. It was not until 1994 that I found the person that was responsible for putting this information together, thank you for letting me use it Brian.
The following information is derived from information that exists in the Smithsonian, National Archives, the Congressional Library, Courtroom Police files, public and private libraries and storage vaults across the United States and Europe:
Abraham Lincoln was slapped three times with a white glove by a member of the Hapsberg royal family of Germany, (Payseur family relatives) during a White House reception in 1862. The German royal family member demanded a pistol duel with the President of the United States.
The blows to the face stunned Lincoln but he non-verbally refused to participate in the duel by bowing his head before walking out of the reception room. What had ol' honest Abe done to so enrage and up-set the royal European personage?
It seems that the practice of promiscuity was running rampant in many families in those days and the German King Leopold had, had an illegitimate daughter named Elizabeth who was sent to America, where she lived in a very comfortable manner. Although Leopold could not recognize her position, he was very interested in her life.
In the early or mid 1850s. Abraham Lincoln and Elizabeth began having sexual liaison that produced twin daughters named Ella and Emily in 1850. The regal German father who was so royally up-set with ol' honest Abe probably had full knowledge of what the blood line of Lincoln really was.
Abraham's wife. Mary Todd Lincoln, did not find out about Elizabeth. Ella and Emily until 1865. Previous to being informed about Elizabeth and the twins, Mrs. Lincoln had developed a ravaging dependency on opium. Her main supplier of the drug was a former member of the Confederate intelligence community, he was a former member because the Southern gentlemen did not approve of his drug pushing and unreliable behavior. Because of his involvement with the Southern Intelligence Community, Mary's supplier knew about the lover and the illegal twins.
After being spurned by the Confederate intelligence community, Mary's "candy man" (an actor doubling for Booth that covered for him when he was overbooked for performances on the same night became the patsey while the real Booth fled to India with in days after Lincoln was shot) approached and became involved with the Rothschild Empire of Europe, for he realized the European banking moguls would be very interested in his pipeline to the White House.
Abraham Lincoln was searching for an issue that would unite the North and South after the Civil War ended The issue needed to be popular to all levels of American citizenry so they could "rally around the Stars and Stripes" thus rapidly heal the wounds of the bloodiest war in history.
Lincoln was seriously considering one major movement or event that would galvanize his fellow Northern and Southern patriot countrymen into cutting loose the United States of America from the dictatorial grip of the Hapsburgs bloodline of banking control in Europe. All the time, the Rothschilds were trying to take control of the entire world monetary system, and at that time the Rothschilds were trying to get a foothold in America and find a way around the British. Virginia Company, and French Bourbon family that were gaining control in this country though government help. You have to look at what is happening here in retrospect. The whole economic mess that we now find ourselves in is because of a battle between the Hapsburgs bloodline that goes back to the dethroned king of the Jews. And the Rothschild group that call themselves "Jews" have always tried to steal everything the Hapsburgs had.
Lincoln found himself in real hot water, because under the Virginia company covenant the 48 families that formed it were all of the Holy Grail bloodline. This county was to be an extension of what all the royal families of Europe controlled. The royalty of Europe is Hapsburg, no matter what their name is. The royal family of England is one such example. Now what Lincoln did is he wanted to go independent of the covenant and his families desires on the Rothschild side. It was always planned by the Hapsburgs family to form a Federal Reserve System in America, which was part of the Virginia Company covenant with the Crown of England and the family bloodline. At the same time the Rothschilds and their family bloodline have always been undermining the affairs of the Hapsburgs and stealing the monetary control away from them. No matter what the history books say, the Rothschilds didn't get a real control on things in America and the Federal Reserve until the Springs usurped the Payseur family companies in the very early 1920s.
It appears that the Rothschild family wanted Lincoln embarrassed to the maximum degree.
Mary Todd's drug dealer was hired to kidnap the President of the United States. Abraham would be put on a boat for a two month cruise of the Atlantic where he would be injected with and addicted to opium and then dumped on the streets of Washington. While the forcefully addicted President was stumbling around our nation's capital, the press would be informed of Elizabeth, Ella and Emily.
The drug pusher and collaborator of the Rothschilds had his perfect accomplice in the plot to kidnap and discredit the leader of the North American continent in the First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln. After being informed of Abe's lover and the twins and the kidnap plot by her drug supplier, Mary was promised that after her husband resigned or was impeached, she and Abe would be moved to Europe to live happily ever after with plenty of opium.
Superficially Mary expressed a desire to live in Europe with plenty of opium and no Civil War or politics to distract her husband or family. But her drug supplier had totally underestimated the confusion, desperation and anger of Mary Todd Lincoln.
The plotters decided the Presidential snatch needed to take place in a public yet discreet location where minimum witnesses would be present. There were too many potential witnesses at the White House.
Two hours before the capture was to take place, Mary Todd had on the floor, a tantrum, because Abe had decided not to go out of the White House that night. Mary's outrageous outburst caused Abe to change his mind and the First family departed.
Several minutes after arriving at the kidnap location, Mary instructed the family bodyguard to take a position that placed the First Family out of his visual sight. The position also required the bodyguard to traverse several flights of stairs to reach Abe and Mary should he be needed for any reason. Thirty days prior to following Mary's instruction, the "guard" had been dismissed from the New York Police City Department for drunkenness and other misdeeds and improper behavior. Mary personally hired the guard about 10 days before arriving at the kidnap location.
A wagon with a wooden cover arrived at the back entrance of the kidnap location with several men including Mary's opium supplier. The plan was for the drug pusher to traverse the backstairs entrance, silently move down a hallway, and open an unlocked door to a darkened room where Mary and Abe were sitting.
After entering the room, Mary's drug man would tell the President an urgent message was waiting for him at the War Department. Before descending down the backstairs. Abe would be knocked out with a chloroform cloth. The kidnappers would load the limp body into the covered wagon and swiftly stow Lincoln an opium boat for a novel "cruise" of the Atlantic Ocean.
When the drug pusher actually opened the door to the darkened room where Abe and Mary were sitting, he went into panic and shock. Abe was asleep with his head on Mary's left shoulder and The First Lady had her 249 head turned toward the left looking at the door Mary probably had her head turned to the left and watched the door for several minutes. When she was sure the man who opened the door was her opium supplier, she turned and looked at the President to be sure the pistol she was pointing would explode beneath the lower left earlobe of her husband.
Before Mary pulled the trigger, John Wilkes Booth's double, drug supplier to the First Lady, realized he was the patsy in all this mess. But he did not know if he was only Mary's patsy or also a chump for the Rothschild family. Were the men hiding around the backdoor of Ford's Theater there to help Booth's double the pusher with the kidnapping or there to point the false finger at the "innocent" Booth? Booth's double was not about to run into the hallway or down the backstairs to find out the answer to that question.
The only escape route was to jump the balcony and crash onto the stage during the performance. That night Booth's double gave a literal interpretation of the theatrical phrase "brake a leg" as he fractured one of his during his leaping act from "lethally loony Mary" and the men lurking around the back entrance of Ford's Theater.
In a novelty case on a wall in Ford's Theater is "The Gun That Shot Abraham Lincoln." If anyone were to kill a head of state, they would use a revolver, because several bullets might be needed to accomplish the murder and stop any guards during the escape. One would only use a one-shot pistol if they were absolutely sure they had intimate access to the victim.
The gun on the wall of Ford's Theater is a derringer,the perfect weapon for the left handed female assassin who did not attend her husband's funeral. Mary Todd was not hiding in her room due to overwhelming grief and sorrow. She was imprisoned in her room with two armed guards for two weeks after killing her husband.
In the 1860s, an act of Congress mandated the compensation of widows of former and active Congressmen, Senators, Vice Presidents and Presidents. The amount and duration was ratified by both Houses of Congress for each widow Mary Todd Lincoln applied for her widowers compensation three times and was denied the mandated compensation three times by both Houses of Congress. An unknown benefactor paid for Mary's passage to Europe where she died in a small cottage in Germany.
In 1867. the secret Service was founded so that drunken municipal law enforcement could not unwittingly participate with drug-addicted First Ladies or Gentlemen in vengeful high-brow killings of philandering Presidents of the United States.
Before Booth's double jumped out of the balcony of the Presidential Box of the Ford's Theater, he shouted at General Riley and his wife who were sitting to the right-front of the Lincoln's. His words expressed his innocence but also sealed the fate of the Rileys. Within a week of the shooting, General Riley and his wife were packed off to an insane asylum where they both died of "unknown causes" within 30 days of being committed.
While in the asylum the Rileys probably participated with the Federal Government in a fraud that the real John Wilkes Booth successfully pulled off with the Confederate Intelligence Community.
High ranking officers of the Confederacy, especially in the intelligence corps, knew the Civil War was lost for the South Dedicated officers committed their lives to planning and executing a second Civil War within 20 to 30 years after the conclusion of the first Civil War, and this attitude still exists to some degree in the South among the Southerners. Many are still fighting the Civil War in their own way.
Booth was despised by the Southern gentlemen but he could have been very valuable as a psychological weapon at the beginning of the Second Civil War. Revealing Mary's drug addiction and her being a murderess,
Abe's lover and illegitimate children and the Lincoln assassination cover up by the Yankee government would be a tremendous mental and emotional blow to the Union Soldiers. I can't help but think that the knowledge that Lincoln was of Jewish descent and a relative of the Rothschilds must have played a big part in this drama.
The Confederacy also wanted Booth because he knew about key persons and plans of their intelligence community If captured by the Union troops. Booth would surely tell all he knew about the current and future Confederate underground to save his own backside.
Two persons were in the flaming warehouse the night Booth "died". The fire victim was actually a crippled Confederate war veteran who was relieved of his pain and suffering by sacrificing his life so Booth could escape to a new identity and life. Many Confederate officers who dedicated their lives to a second Civil War also faked their deaths between 1806 and 1890. Maybe Booth and some of the "dead" confederate officers were unknowingly acquainted with the "dead" General Riley and his wife somewhere in the Wild West of North America?
Booth eventually moved to East Texas where he operated saloons and performed in theaters. His alcohol and drug addiction became very acute at the turn of the century By 1900, Booth had collected incriminating information and evidence on the group trying to initiate a second Civil War. However, by 1900, the former and "dead" Confederate officers had given up all hope and efforts of a second Civil War because American nationalism was taking over the South after soldiers from across the United States had recently defeated Spain during a war in Cuba. Booth's evidence and blabbering mouth would put all of them in jail or early unnatural deaths by the Federal Government.
During one of Booths drunken rages, he boasted about his true identity and the coming of the second Civil War. The former leader of a disbanded confederate underground organization known as the Knights of the Golden Circle confiscated the evidence after Booth was given a lethal dose of arsenic in 1904.
One important American unknowingly assisted in covering-up the Rothschild hidden agenda. Todd Lincoln, eldest son of Abraham, searched for and destroyed countless government and private papers and documents related to his father's killing and illegitimate family during his entire adult life. But he did not find and destroy all of the paper evidence. The legitimate great-great grandchild of Abraham Lincoln has uncovered the paper trail evidence not found and destroyed by Todd Lincoln, the U.S. Government, the Rothschild and Springs family.
Elizabeth abandoned the illegitimate daughters of Abraham Lincoln after birth and the twins were placed in separate orphanages. Emily was adopted by a family in Georgia and Ella grew up in orphanages. Ella married a man named John Kramer, and they had a son named William; he had a son named Robert, and Robert had several children, one of his children was given a picture of Abraham Lincoln by their grandfather William. The picture, with an authentic Abraham Lincoln signature and valued at two million dollars in 1989, was given to William by his mother Ella.
The child who was given the Lincoln photo and informed of being an illegitimate heir to Abraham, became a well-known famous author. For 20 years this man has methodically and intuitively searched the files and tombs of numerous institutions in Washington. The documents uncovered by him and assistants have astounded countless curators and bureaucrats in our nation's capital.
This man investigated and uncovered information on additional illegitimate descendants of Abraham Lincoln. The discoveries have not gone unnoticed by the intelligence communities of the United States Government and numerous corporations.
The various intelligence communities could care less about Ella who completed a typical life-cycle. However, there are many deep concerns about Ella's twin sister Emily because she and her offspring are one of the most fascinating and intriguing untold chapters of American history.
It is said that Emily mamed a man by the name of Howard Hughes Sr. and they were both poisoned by Hughes sister - in - law The initial investor of Hughes gathered the Four Sons of Howard Hughes in England after Sr's death. The four sons named Howard Jr., Robard, Charles and David became one legal entity and the Howard Hughes of the 20th Century. They had great fun running the press and their staff in circles until a U. S. Ambassador and a Greek Shipping Tycoon by the name of Onassis found out their secret and blackmailed the Hughes Empire. One of the brothers is still alive but is in hiding.
The daughter of the woman who murdered Howard Sr. Married James Baker, former Secretary of State and ex-employee of the Summa Corporation.
While doing research in the Carolinas about railroads and banking and the Payseur family company holdings, this information about Lincoln kind of jumped out at us about his true family bloodline. At that time, a certified courthouse document was not obtained of it. Sometime later, when I decided this was too important to neglect proper documentation, I went back to the courthouse to get a certified copy of the "will" to hang onto just "because". I found that page three had been cut out of the document book. Then we went on a state-wide tangent of looking in the state will documents. It is nowhere to be found, so effectively there is only one copy of this document existing today I also went back to the Library where the original book on the McAdden Family Genealogy was found and now it was also gone. We checked every library we could in North and South Carolina and all of these books are missing now. So one could easily deduct that there is an ongoing conspiracy to hide the truth from the unsuspecting public.
RAILROADS AND THE CIVIL WAR
The Civil War ended on April 9, 1865 with the surrender of the Confederate States. Less than a week later, in the evening of April 14th, just after 10 o'clock, President Abraham Lincoln was murdered.
Vice President Andrew Johnson succeeded Abraham Lincoln as President.
Johnson had a plan which was to offer pardons to all Southern Whites except the main Confederate leaders and wealthy confederate supporters. It did not include any provisions to take care of the Blacks.
In reality, all those citizens of the former Confederate States who had the money or the political and or the military power lost everything.
One of the prime considerations in the rebuilding of the South had to be the rebuilding of the railroads. The plans for this event were started and laid out before the end of the Civil War and were colloquially called "the railroad reconstruction policies".
Railroad reconstruction policies were created by wealthy citizens residing in the South who opposed the insurrection which caused the Civil War and supported the Union during the War.
Bartholomew Fingers Moore, who had been Lincoln's personal attorney before the War, (and one of the authors of the fourteenth amendment after the War) was instrumental in the designing of these policies.
Moore had been the attorney and a principal stockholder for and of the Wilmington and Charlotte Railroad of 1854 (pre-Civil War) which had been confiscated by the United States under Acts of Treason as a military supply train for the Confederate States of America.
Moore proved himself to be loyal adherent to the Union cause and became the attorney for the new Rail Road Company over the old trackages and rights of ways granted to the original 1854 Company under Acts of Congress, contingent upon the removal of all former members of the Confederate States of America from the ownership.
Those original stockholders of the 1854 railroad who had been Confederate supporters lost their Stock and privileges. The new Company was named the Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherfordton Railroad Company, and also included the formerly confiscated railroad going from Charlotte towards Lincolnton. (which was never completed), named the Atlantic Tennessee and Ohio Railroad. The owners of the Atlantic Tennessee and Ohio Railroad were all Confederate supporters and officers and included the Springs family. One of the parties who was identified as an original stockholder and Trustee of the Wilmington and Charlotte (1854) Rail Road Company, and a Confederate Officer (a Colonel) was Leroy Springs of Charlotte, North Carolina. "Colonel" Leroy Springs lost everything for his Acts of Treason, but later came to be appointed President of the Lancaster Cotton Mills by its principal owner, Lewis Cass Payseur.
Elliott White Springs, son of Leroy Springs, following the death of his father, Leroy, changed the name of the Lancaster Cotton Mills to "The Springs Cotton Mills".
The railroad construction policies included the provisions that when the railroad company for right of way, the land was granted, in addition to a strip 200 feet wide over which the railroad ran, "every other odd number section (square mile), for up to six miles either side of the railroad bed (12 miles wide), in perpetuity, never to be sold, with the provision of the option of choosing up to 15 miles either side of the original railroad bed thereafter" by the United States. The title of the original stockholders, and the railroad company would, (as before) only lease it from the owners, (again by 99 year lease).
The Congressional Record, in the year 1854, chapter 525, page 235, says:
Be it further enacted, that all lands not heretofore granted to any person, nor appropriated by Law to the use of the State, within 100 feet of the center of said railroad, which may be constructed by said Company, shall vest in the said company so soon as the line of the road is definitely laid out through it, and any grant of said land thereafter shall be void."
This gave the railroad company the ability to take over and own the land in a width of 100 feet (either side) of the centerline of the rails, wherever they decided to run the railroad tracks, so long as the land was not already granted to anyone or any State.
Then, in the same year, chapter 130, page 174, Section 2, it says:
".... such subscriptions or any part thereof, may be received payable in money, lands, labor or material necessary in the construction of said road, bonds, stocks or other valuable credits, in such manner and on such subscribers."
Where the land was not to be granted by Congress, rather to be purchased from whomever owned the land over which the railroad was going to pass; Quoting Public Laws of North Carolina as amended;
"....any person or persons may purchase and acquire the said railroad and other property and franchises....exercise and enjoy any (all) singular the rights powers, privileges, franchises,immunities and facilities heretofore now in existence or hereafter constructed or projected in this state or elsewhere; It shall be lawful for the said railway company to build extensions or branches to its railroad in this state or elsewhere..........in the construction of such extensions or branches, the said railway company shall have the right to use the eminent domain powers vested....for the acquisition of such of its right of way."
Then everything was clarified further in:
Congressional Record, 1854-1855, Chapter 225, page 233 "Section 24:
Be it further enacted, that said Company may purchase, have and hold in fee, or for a term of years, any land, tenements or hereditaments which may be necessary for said road or the appurtenances thereof, or for the erection of depositories, storehouses, houses for the officers, servants or agents of the company, or for workshops or foundries to be used for said company, or for procuring stone or other materials necessary to the construction of said road, or of effecting transportation thereon, and for no other purpose whatever."
This said that the railroad had been given the power to purchase land for the purpose of erecting buildings to be used in the normal course of conducting its business, these buildings included banks (depositories), hotels and villages, even towns (houses for the officer, servants or agents) restaurants (obviously, they had to eat) water supplies (not least of which for the railway engines), power companies, telephone companies, ice companies (no refrigerators yet!) cemeteries, (people still died you know!) retail stores, livery stables, etc., etc..
After these lands were granted, Congress approved the sale of unwanted lands by the railroad companies to whomever. This gave the companies the ability to sell some of their unwanted lands in order to raise funds to enable them to build improvements, sheds, stations, yards and water towers, etc., etc..
Other smaller details were subsequently taken care of, such as:
Be it further enacted, that the company shall have the right, when necessary, to conduct the said road across or along any public road or watercourse; provided, that the said company shall not obstruct any public road without constructing another equally good and convenient, nor without making a draw in any bridge of said road which may cross a navigable stream sufficient for the passage of such vessels as navigate such stream, which draw shall be opened by the company for the free passage of such vessels as navigate such stream."
Be it further enacted, that when any lands or right of way may be demanded, for the purpose of constructing, their road and for the want of agreement as to the value thereof, or from any other cause the same cannot be purchased from the owner or owners, the same may be taken at valuation to be made by five commissioners, or a majority of them, to be appointed by any court of record, having common law jurisdiction, in the county where some part of the land or right of way is situated."
This said that if there was some kind of dispute between the owner of the land and the railroad as to what the value of the land was, then the railroad had the power, upon appointing a "disinterested five persons as "Commissioners" to force the sale of the distressed land by the owner to the railroad, and at such "fair" price as the "Commissioners" decided.
Be it further enacted, that the right of said company to condemn lands in the manner described in the 26th section of this act, shall extend to condemning of 100 feet on each side of the main track of the road, measuring from the center of same, unless in case of depressions and fillings, when said company shall have the right to condemn so much in addition there to as shall be necessary for the construction of said road, and the company shall also have power to condemn any appropriate lands in like manner for the construction and building of depots, shops, warehouses, buildings for servants, agents, and persons employed on said road not exceeding 2 acres in any on lot or station."
Be it further enacted, that if any person or persons shall intrude upon said road, by any manner of use thereof, or of the rights and privileges connected therewith, without the permission or contrary to the will of the said company, he, she or they may be indicted for a misdemeanor, and upon conviction fined and imprisoned by any county of competent jurisdiction."
This is a good one. If anyone decides to construct a fence on any railroad land, and claim that the land as his own. even if he bought the land from someone else in good faith, then he, if found, will be convicted and fined and jailed. This also holds true for all of the homes that have been built and bought by people on railroad odd sections of land.
Be it further enacted, that if any person shall willfully or maliciously destroy, or in any manner hurt or damage or obstruct, or shall willfully or maliciously cause or aid or assist, or counsel and advise any other person or persons to destroy, or in any manner hurt or damage, or obstruct or injure said railroad or any bridge or vehicle used for or in the transportation thereon, any water-tank, warehouse or other property of said company, such person or persons so offending shall be liable to be indicted therefore, and on conviction shall be imprisoned not more than twelve (12) months nor less than one (1) month, and pay a fine not less than twenty (20) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500.00), at the discretion of the court before which such conviction shall take place, and shall further be liable to pay all expenses of repairing same, and it shall not be competent for any person so offending against the provisions of the clause to defend himself by giving in evidence that he was the owner, agent or servant of the owner of the land where such destruction, damage, hurt or injury or obstruction was done, at the time the same was done, or caused to be done."
Ratified the thirteenth day of Feb., 1855,"
The last Section (31) said that if anyone was found on railroad land (as per Section 30) and claimed he owned the land, or claimed he was acting for someone who owned it. then he would be summarily judged incompetent and be fined and jailed anyway.
On December 15, 1865, a United States Deed of Trust was executed at Nashville Tennessee, between the "Alabama and Tennessee Rivers Railroad Company" and the United States of America. Part of the provisions of the instrument were that "Transportation and Communications" were "to remain operational forever".
The "Alabama and Tennessee Rivers Railroad Company" defaulted on the Deed of Trust (no-one in the South would work for the "Yankee" owners) and it changed hands several times over subsequent years, eventually to come to rest with the Richmond and Danville Railroad company, a tenant of the Lancaster Cotton Mills, according to their stockholders report. The Richmond and Danville Railroad in 1894 acquired because of financial mismanagement, economic hardships and the leftover animosity from the Civil War found the Richmond & Danville, the East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia, and the Central Railroad & Banking Company of Georgia were all in default, along with their own constituent properties. All of the railroads were amalgamated and a new 99 year lease came out of that on June 18, 1894.
The Richmond and Danville amalgamation of some 36 railroads eventually foundered and all was taken over in the 1906 Southern Railway Consolidation of all the railroads in the united states except two, with the 99 year leases continuing.
Other railroads were consolidated into, and became the Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherfordton Rail Road Company and sold, at Wilmington, North Carolina, on July 10, 1874.
The buyer and new owner of the Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherfordton Rail Road Company was Mr. Austin Smith, an ancestor of Lewis Cass Payseur.
The railroads, particularly in the South, still were in the process of being rebuilt, but the hiring of labor became a problem. This was solved in:
Congressional Record, Chapter 352
"An Act to authorize the hiring of convicts to the Charleston. Cincinnati and Chicago Rail Road Company.
The general Assembly of North Carolina do enact:
"That the Board of Directors of the State penitentiary are hereby authorized to hire to the Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago Railroad Company, convicts at such terms as may be agreed upon by them; provided, that the amount to be paid shall be not less than $125.00 per convict per year; and provided, that said convicts are to be clothed and fed by the State, and to be in charge of a Superintendent to be appointed by the boar."
The granting of the land and building of the railroads was the "Transportation" side of the original terms of the Deed of Trust of December, 1865. The "Communications" side was to be considered as another item.
Alongside the railroad tracks, poles were installed, upon which hung telegraph wires, and "Western Union" telegraph offices sprung up in virtually every town along the railroad lines. Shortly thereafter, thanks to Alexander Graham Bell, followed telephone wires, and finally, thanks to Thomas Edison, electricity wires. The electricity wires not only ran along the railroad tracks, but across other land subsequently leased to the 256 railroads (as a result of being condemned and bought at low cost for the purpose of running the power lines, see above).
This development of telephone and telegraph was identified in; 1887, Chapter 77 of Congressional Record, page 143 when, on March 4, 1878, the General Assembly of North Carolina, as amended, said :
That the Charleston. Cincinnati and Chicago Rail Road Company is authorized and empowered to construction maintain and operate, by lease or otherwise, telegraph and telephone lines, in and upon its lines of railroad, in this state, and such branch lines of railroad as it may, from time to time, construct.
That the said Company may connect its said telegraph and telephone lines with the such other lines of the same as may from time to time be expedient.
That this Act shall be in force from and after its ratification.
In the General Assembly, read three (3) times, and ratified this the 22nd day of February. A. D. 1887.
In order to accomplish this, and to have it authorized by the United States, the railroad in question, the Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago Railroad company, had to own all the railroads at that time, in addition to being the only railroad which was able to construct any other lines later. The Rutherfordton Railroad Construction Company had previously merged with the Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago Railroad Company, giving it the railroad construction capability.
The Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago Rail Road company was later identified in a Lancaster Cotton Mills bulletin to its stockholders, as the Lancaster and Lenoir Narrow Gauge Rail Road Company, leased under the Lancaster and Chester Railway Company along with the Chester and Lenoir Narrow gauge Rail Road company. Here again, the Lancaster Cotton Mills identified itself to the United States Treasury Department that it is also known as the Lancaster Light and Power Company. In Lancaster and elsewhere the electrical power companies supplied the telegraph and telephone services until the passing of various Anti-Trust Acts, at which times, they split and formed "separate" parallel companies, but still under the common ownership of the Lancaster Cotton Mills.
The Georgetown and North Carolina Narrow Gauge Rail Road company changed names on December 22, 1885 to the Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago Rail Road Company.
The Company names of Western Union, Western Electric, American Telephone and Telegraph (A.T.&T.), Lancaster Light and Power Company, et al grew out of this rule, identified as the Lancaster Cotton Mills in its declaration to the United States Department of the Treasury.
In June of 1804, all outstanding Deeds of Trust were amalgamated within the original one into the Wilmington. Charlotte and Rutherfordton Rail Road (formerly the Chester and Lenoir Narrow Gauge Rail Road, which before that was the North Carolina Narrow Gauge Railroad).
The various 99-year leases therefore were executed to the Richmond and Danville Rail Road which bankrupted in the U. S. Circuit Court in Equity, Richmond. Virginia, June 18, 1894. During the course of the Bankruptcy proceedings, a new Tenant-in-Common was named and organized as Southern Railway Company, with its ninety-nine (99) year lease running from that date. The due date of this current 99-year land lease would have been Thursday June 17th, 1993.
On September 18, 1980, in the U.S. District Court, Northern District of Alabama, the land lease was changed, adding other tenants-in-common, including the Lancaster Cotton Mills (Springs Industries) and extended, with 257 one year before it became effective, to two back-to-back 49-year leases (owing to the new laws concerning the time allotted to the lease not outlasting the lessors agent), thereby ending the lease period on the third Monday in September (the 19), 2079.
All was well and good, until, on May 24th, 1991, under Alabama Executive Order 42, as amended, the two back-to-back leases, which would have ended in 2079. were dissolved by order of Guy Hunt. Governor of Alabama, by virtue of the fact that he dissolved the corporations which held the leases.
Keep in mind that "The Springs Bulletin" identifies the tie between Governor Guy Hunt of Alabama and the Springs Industries of South Carolina.
What will happen when all the existing railroad lease runs out in June of 1993 and lease consolidation ending on December 31, 1995? How will the railroads run on land not under lease to the operating companies? What position will the United States Estate Attorneys take on this lease issue? Under what authority (and why) did Governor Guy Hunt dissolve the Corporations which held the Leases? As of the date of this writing, March 12, 1993, there has been no organization to come forward and renew the leases. If this is not accomplished very soon before the end of the leases, it will most definitely start getting interesting in America.
All of this information was up dated and revised in November of 1994 as of this date it is still unknown to me if new leases have been made.[can you imagine the corruption that has gone down with theses leases over the last 25 years? DC]
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