"It is my opinion that the use of this barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan. The Japanese were almost defeated and ready to surrender...in being the first to use it, we...adopted an ethical standard common to the barbarians of the Dark Ages."---Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy,Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during World War II
January 1945 - MacArthur forwarded to the President a Japanese offer to surrender to which was exactly what we accepted 7 months later. Had it been accepted when first offered, there would have been no heavy loss of life on Iwo Jima (over 26,033 Americans killed or wounded, approximately 21,000 Japanese killed) and Okinawa (over 39,000 U.S. dead and wounded, 109,000 Japanese dead), no fire bombing of Japanese cities by B-29 bombers (it is estimated that the dropping of 1,700 tons of incendiary explosives on Japanese cities during March 9th-10th alone killed over 80,000 civilians and destroyed 260,000 buildings), and no use of the atomic bomb (200,000 killed).
5 April 1945 - Japan appointed Prime Minister Suzuki Kantaro who was known to be a peace advocate.
8 May 1945 - Japan tried to surrender through the Soviet Union.
June 1945 - Both the US Army and Navy recommended to Truman that he clarify the US demands in regard to the Emperor. It was recognized that he was absolutely essential so he could order his men to lay down their arms. Without him, there would have been anarchy in Japan.
11 July 1945 - Japan offered to surrender unconditionally, with one exception - they wished to retain their monarchy.They didn't insist on retaining Emperor Hirohito. They were willing to replace him with his small son, for example. The US wouldn't even talk to them - the bomb was dropped on them without the US ever responding to any of their peace feelers.Since we let them keep their monarchy (they never unconditionally surrendered - the US offered assurrances to the Emperor on August 11 after both bombs were dropped, when they had the assurrences they surrendered), there was no difference between this offer and what happened on August 14. Every death after July 11, both US and Japanese, was a war crime committed by Harry Truman.In July Japan was totally helpless and was being shelled from sea and air. Japan had been bombed back to the stone age. Its population was facing imminent starvation.Much of the Japanese Army was stranded in China or scattered across islands like the Philippines or New Britain. The Japanese Navy had, capable of unaided movement, two aircraft carriers (one damaged) with no planes, three damaged cruisers, 41 destroyers, most damaged to some degree, and 59 submarines. There were 829 vessels incapable of movement, some lying on the bottom in shallow water, some floating upside down, some listing, others awash.
Here are a few of the Japanese attempts to end the war in July: July 11: "make clear to Russia... We have no intention of annexing or taking possession of the areas which we have been occupying as a result of the war; we hope to terminate the war". July 12: "it is His Majesty's heart's desire to see the swift termination of the war". July 13: "I sent Ando, Director of the Bureau of Political Affairs to communicate to the [Soviet] Ambassador that His Majesty desired to dispatch Prince Konoye as special envoy, carrying with him the personal letter of His Majesty stating the Imperial wish to end the war" (for above items, see: U.S. Dept. of State, Potsdam 1, pg. 873-879). July 18: "Negotiations... necessary... for soliciting Russia's good offices in concluding the war and also in improving the basis for negotiations with England and America." (Magic-Diplomatic Summary, 7/18/45, Records of the National Security Agency, Magic Files, RG 457, Box 18, National Archives). July 22: "Special Envoy Konoye's mission will be in obedience to the Imperial Will. He will request assistance in bringing about an end to the war through the good offices of the Soviet Government." The July 21st communication from Togo also noted that a conference between the Emperor's emissary, Prince Konoye, and the Soviet Union, was sought, in preparation for contacting the U.S. and Great Britain (Magic-Diplomatic Summary, 7/22/45, Records of the National Security Agency, Magic Files, RG 457, Box 18, National Archives). July 26: Japan's Ambassador to Moscow, Sato, to the Soviet Acting Commissar for Foreign Affairs, Lozovsky: "The aim of the Japanese Government with regard to Prince Konoye's mission is to enlist the good offices of the Soviet Government in order to end the war." (Magic-Diplomatic Summary, 7/26/45, Records of the National Security Agency, Magic Files, RG 457, Box 18, National Archives).
1945 Truman used atomic bombs on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima on August 6 and Nagasaki on August 9. Now generally considered a war crime, at the minimum it was the murder of hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians. There was no lack of military targets or a demonstration in a remote place was possible, so the selection of targets is indefensible,leaving aside the issue of whether the bombing was justified in the first place.To make this decision Truman had to wave aside concerns about postblast radiation, which was an unknown quantity at that time, and even the possibility of an unstoppable chain reaction in the atmosphere which would destroy the world. It was pointed out to him that one bomb dropped on a city would have an effect undistinguishable from and no greater than a big B-29 incendiary raid of the kind already in progress, in terms of immediate casualties and total damage. In other words, this was utterly senseless.And why the second bomb? Whatever point Truman thought he was making was made with the first one. Dropping the bomb to "end the war sooner" was a falsification of history because Truman, in fact, lengthened the war in order to drop the bomb. First he postponed the Potsdam Conference and thereby the Russian declaration of war on Japan for two weeks until the bomb was ready and then he had the language for assurances to the Emperor deleted so the Potsdam Declaration would be unacceptable to the Japanese.The US Strategic Bombing Survey explicitly stated that the war would have ended sooner if they had chosen different targets -- but the goal was not to end the war but to support an invasion .As to the argument that the bomb saved American lives - it is spurious to assert as fact that obliterating Hiroshima in August was needed to obviate an invasion in November - the date we had planned. The April 30, 1946 study by the War Department's Military Intelligence Division concluded, "The war would almost certainly have terminated when Russia entered the war against Ja pan." This remains the only use of atomic weapons in anger.
Before the bomb was dropped, some scientists of the Manhattan Project produced the Franck Report which questioned the ability of destroying Japanese cities with atomic bombs to bring surrender when destroying Japanese cities with conventional bombs had not done so. It recommended a demonstration of the atomic bomb for Japan in an unpopulated area. Facing the long-term consequences with Russia, the report stated prophetically:
"If no international agreement is concluded immediately after the first demonstration, this will mean a flying start of an unlimited armaments race."
The report pointed out that the United States, with its highly concentrated urban areas, would become a prime target for nuclear weapons and concluded:
"We believe that these considerations make the use of nuclear bombs for an early, unannounced attack against Japan inadvisable. If the United States would be the first to release this new means of indiscriminate destruction upon mankind, she would sacrifice public support throughout the world, precipitate the race of armaments, and prejudice the possibility of reaching an international agreement on the future control of such weapons."
When Eisenhower was told of the bomb he said: "...the Japanese were ready to surrender and it wasn't necessary to hit them with that awful thing." - Ike on Ike, Newsweek, 11/11/63
On August 8, 1945, after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Herbert Hoover wrote to Army and Navy Journal, "The use of the atomic bomb, with its indiscriminate killing of women and children, revolts my soul."
May of 1946 Hoover met with General Douglas MacArthur. Hoover recorded in his diary, "I told MacArthur of my memorandum of mid-May 1945 to Truman, that peace could be had with Japan by which our major objectives would be accomplished. MacArthur said that was correct and that we would have avoided all of the losses, the Atomic bomb, and the entry of Russia into Manchuria."
The U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey group, assigned by President Truman to study the air attacks on Japan, produced a report in July of 1946:
"Based on a detailed investigation of all the facts and supported by the testimony of the surviving Japanese leaders involved, it is the Survey's opinion that certainly prior to 31 December 1945 and in all probability prior to 1 November 1945, Japan would have surrendered even if the atomic bombs had not been dropped, even if Russia had not entered the war, and even if no invasion had been planned or contemplated."
Why did Truman drop the bomb? The best explanation is a quote by Truman and the thinking of his Secretary of State Byrnes. Brynes view was that our possessing and demonstrating the bomb would make the Soviets more "managable" in Europe.Truman said, "If this explodes as I think it will, I'll certainly have a hammer on those boys." indicating the Russians - ch 19 page 239 of The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb by Gar Alperovitz, NY:Knopf, 1995. Truman took a hardline in Potsdam because he had the bomb. Another view is that Truman and some advisors like Hopkins thought it would force countries into a world government. Some aides may have been that far-thinking or pie-in-the-sky, but Truman only graduated from high school. A joke idea is that he didn't want the billions of dollars spent on the project wasted. General Groves, who was in charge of the atom bomb project, wrote "The President did not ever show any concern over the amount of funds being spent..."
1946-1947 Truman with the other allies sent more than two million fugitives of the Soviet government to their deaths.The Gulag Archipelago by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, NY:Harper and Row 1973, chapter 2, page 85; Also The Last Secret by Nicholas Bethall, NY 1974. Operation Keelhaul, Julius Epstein, 1973.
1934 Truman, age 50 but a bankrupt by age 38 and minion of the corrupt Kansas City Pendergast machine, won a US Senate primary with 50,000 fraudulent votes. He never would have been President without them. Pendergast had been turned down by his first 3 choices. Truman had richly earned the nickname "Pendergast's Bellhop" and won the election in the fall on stuffed ballots in Kansas City of which he won all but 11,000 of the 148,000 votes.
1945 Truman refused to allow Germans to surrender to the Western allies while continuing to fight the Russians. The Germans wanted the Americans to enter Berlin first.
1945 In the Potsdam conference, Truman sold out eastern Europe and allowed Stalin to draw the map. It is ironic that the war started to free Poland and Czechoslavakia and it ended with them in slavery.
June 1945 Truman endorsed the corrupt and ineffective United Nations. We know now from KGB records that the UN was little more than a communist front from its inception.The architect and first (interim) Secretary-General was Alger Hiss, a paid KGB agent.
Truman's domestic legislative program called the Fair Deal was abandoned.
Although Americans hate foreign aid and couldn't afford it, Truman instituted Stalin's top priority for the Communist Party USA, the Marshall Plan (welfare for foreigners directed by Soviet agents in the State Department), in Europe and a similar plan in Asia which gave away 50 billion dollars to rebuild our competition and reward the aggressors in the war.[Ron: This is bullshit.The Marshall Plan was used to tie European economies to US corporations and ensure that US industry thrived on it, just as foreign aid is still used t=oday.]. They would have rebuilt anyway, the only question was how long the US could maintain commercial dominence. [Ron: Exactly!]. Truman hastened our fall, diminished the futures of our children, while booting away $50 billion. It was a double whammy. The effect of the Marshall plan has been estimated as 5-10% of European economic activity 1948 to 1950, not counting the black market. That is the same percentage given to Europe in loans in 1919 when no miracles happened. The difference was that world tariffs were lowered after WWII. Truman turned all human history on its head - previously losers always paid war reparations. Truman made America pay war reparations. Truman redefined the USA as the loser of WWII. [Ron: Bullshit! Typical Amerikkan RA RA bullshit! Next thing, this author will be telling us that the US bombed Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya et al back to the Stone Age, in order to GIFT their peoples with US economic benefits! Fuck OFF Amerikka! And pleaseee get your apologists to stop lying about your genocidal warmongering and its effects! The effects are Barf making!].
1949 Truman lost China to the communists. This was a natural consequence of having Alger Hiss, a KGB agent, on the China Desk at the State Department. [Ron: Actually it was because Mao Tse Tung was a Rothschilds' agent and the Rockefellers were allied WITH the Bolsheviks in the Soviet Union from 1917 until 1977. See the Peter Beter Audio Letters].
Korean War - Truman made the decision to enter the war without consulting Congress or the American people. After tying MacArthur's hands and forcing American pilots to die by restricting their flight paths to a narrow corridor, on 11 April 1951 Truman removed the great hero because MacArthur wanted to win the war and knew how to do it. Truman said about this, "I fired him because he wouldn't respect the authority of the President. That's the answer to that. I didn't fire him because he was a dumb son of a b****, although he was, but that's not against the law for generals. If it was, half to 3/4ths of them would be in jail." This is a letter that Truman kept in his desk for several years, it came with a purple heart:
Mr. Truman, As you have been directly responsible for the loss of our son's life in Korea, you might just as well keep this emblem on display in your trophy room, as a memory of one of your historic deeds. One major regret at this time is that your daughter was not there to receive the same treatment as our son received in Korea.
Mr. & Mrs. William Banning of New Canaan, CT
1950-1951 Corruption scandals racked the Truman administration at the highest levels.
Various communist spy rings were exposed in the Truman administration and both the secrets to the atom bomb and the hydrogen bomb were carelesslylost to the Soviets.[Ron: Wrong again! The Rockefellers controlled the US at the time and they were in partnership with the Soviet Bolshevik Jews.]. This lack of security has made the world an infinitely more dangerous place the last 50 years. Nuclear terror is the true Truman legacy. [Ron: Well, at least that is true.].
1952 - Truman seized the steel industry but the Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional.
Truman left office with a 28 percent approval rating.
FINAL WORDS - Truman's Vulgar Character
One of America's foremost historians, David McCollough, in his biography of Truman noted that Truman constantly used the words "nigger" and "kike" in private. Truman even wrote home that NYC was "kiketown" when visiting there.
This is from a letter Truman wrote in response to a review of his daughter's singing by Washington Post music critic Paul Hume in December 1950:
" Some day I hope to meet you. When that happens you'll need a new nose, a lot of beefsteak for black eyes, and perhaps a supporter below!"
Truman mused thus to two American musicians at the Potsdam Conference - "I wonder how much better off the country would have been if I had been a concert pianist."