From AbundantHope.net

True US History
AMERICA: THE JEWISH CONNECTION !
By Robert Blackmon
Apr 16, 2011 - 3:55:09 AM

AMERICA: THE JEWISH CONNECTION !

Robert Blackmon

This article is not intended to be anti-semitic. It's only purpose is to to bring attention to global issues effecting everyone, Jewish or non. It is also not the intent to place specific blame for any incident/s on persons of any faiths, groups or organizations. There are bad and good people in all faiths and in all people regardless of their heritages.

Conspiracies or just Greed...the outcome is the same!

At the bottom of this article; Learn more about the companies receiving your tax dollar bailouts.

"What the Jews say and think about America"

"You know very well, and the stupid Americans know equally well, that we control their government, irrespective of who sits in the White House. You see, I know it and you know it that no American president can be in a position to challenge us even if we do the unthinkable. What can they (Americans) do to us? We control congress, the banks, the Federal Reserve, real estate, we control the media, we control show biz, and we control everything in America. In America you can criticize God, but you can't criticize Israel." Israeli spokeswoman, Tzipora Menache 2009

Our race is the Master Race. We are divine gods on this planet. We are as different from the inferior races as they are from insects. In fact, compared to our race, other races are beasts and animals, cattle at best. Other races are considered as human excrement. Our destiny is to rule over the inferior races. Our earthly kingdom will be ruled by our leaders with a rod of iron. The masses will lick our feet and serve us as our slaves." - Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin in a speech to the Knesset [Israeli Parliament] quoted by Amnon Kapeliouk, "Begin and the Beasts," New Statesman, June 25, 1982.

"Every time we do something you tell me America will do this and will do that . .. I want to tell you something very clear: Don't worry about American pressure on Israel. We, the Jewish people, control America, and the Americans know it." Israeli Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon, October 3, 2001, to Shimon Peres, as reported on Kol Yisrael radio.

Benjamin Netanyahu on Christians who are pro Israel -

"My opinion of Christian Zionists? They're scum. But don't tell them that. We need all the useful idiots we can get right now."

Goyim (Non-Jews) were born only to serve us (Jews). Without that, they have no place in the world, only to serve the People of Israel,…Why are gentiles needed? They will support us, fight and die for us, they will work, plow, they will reap, they will give us their money, buy into our scams, etc. We (Jews) will sit like an effendi (Turkish term for high rank) and eat." "Yosef: Gentiles exist only to serve Jews", Jerusalem Post, 10/18/2010

"You know very well, and the stupid Americans know equally well, that we control their government, irrespective of who sits in the White House. You see, I know it and you know it that no American president can be in a position to challenge us even if we do the unthinkable. What can they (Americans) do to us? We control congress, we control the media, we control show biz, and we control everything in America. In America you can criticize God, but you can't criticize Israel." Israeli spokeswoman, Tzipora Menache 2009

Jews in America; They play Monopoly with America's money and lives.

Increasingly, they also occupy the corner office as CEOs of some of America's largest and most important companies. Of the 2003 CEOs of Fortune's 100 largest companies, 10 to 15 percent are Jews. Of Fortune's 2003 list of the twenty-five most powerful people in business, six (24 percent) are Jews. Of the thirty entrepreneurs included in the 2004 Fortune "America's 40 Richest Under 40," at five of the top ten are Jewish as are 23 percent of the Forbes 400.

Jews gain wealth by taking advantage of slumping markets they instigated, bribing America's leaders, controlling the money, as they run the FDIC, The Federal Reserve, The IRS and every global central bank. They also own most of New York's prime real estate. As less than 1.3% of the US population they control 86% of it's wealth and have major influence on nearly every politician. They started off as slum lords and sweat shop barons and now control nearly every bank, insurance and, financial institution, the world's medias, as well as 80% of the world's minerals including oil and coal. They even own nearly every abortion clinic in the US.

Jews pioneered the ready-to-wear garment industry and, in 1885, owned all but seven of New York's 241 garment factories, which were nothing more than sweat shops. They bought up the East Coast's poor districts and rented the property for inflated prices becoming the US's first slum lords. Names like Levi Straus, Ralph Lauren, Calvin Klein, and Donna Karan are just a few contemporary representatives of that legacy. Of the four pioneers of prestige cosmetics - Helena Rubenstein, Elizabeth Arden, Est'e Lauder, and Charles Revson - only Elizabeth Arden was not Jewish. More than half of America's department stores were started or run by Jews including such greats as Macy's, Federated, May Company, Bloomingdale's, Filene's, Saks, Abraham & Straus, Neiman Marcus, Bergdorf Goodman, Sears, and, in London, Marks & Spencer.

In specialty retailing, major chains such as Gap Stores, Limited, Mervyn's, Barneys, Men's Warehouse, Home Depot, Ritz Camera, Bed Bath & Beyond are just a few of the Jewish creations. In television retailing, both QVC and Home Shopping were largely shaped by Jews. The world's foremost demonstration salesman, Ron Popeil, uses television to sell products he invented. In diamonds, De Beers and the Lev Leviev Group are the dominant forces in the worldwide diamond trade, while Zales, Helzbergs, Whitehall, and Friedman's are among the leading diamond and jewelry retailers.

We drink our Starbucks coffee and have sipped Seagrams wines and distilled spirits. The Dove Bar, H'agen-Dazs, Ben & Jerry's and Baskin-Robbins ice cream lead to our later signing up for Weight Watchers, Jenny Craig, and Nutri-System programs or buying Slim-Fast in the supermarket. All these companies were founded by Jewish entrepreneurs.

We may lounge in our Fairmont, Loews, Hyatt, Helmsley or Wynn hotel, or cruise on any of the seventy-three ships of Carnival or twenty-eight of Royal Caribbean. These companies were founded or largely shaped by Jews.

Every major Hollywood studio except United Artists was created by Jews, as were NBC and CBS. Of the three original television networks, only ABC was not started by a Jew, but Leonard Goldenson bought it seven years after its founding and ran it for forty-five years. Viacom and Comcast were largely created by two Jewish families, while Steve Ross and Gerald Levin played critical roles at Time Warner.

In publishing, America's newspaper of record is The New York Times, and in the nation's capital, Katherine Meyer Graham's son, Donald, now runs The Washington Post. The Pulitzer Prize is the legacy of the family that still runs the St. Louis Post Dispatch and Arizona Daily Star. Reuters, Newhouse, Triangle and Ziff Davis are just a few of our leading magazine publishers. Random House, Alfred A. Knopf, Simon & Schuster, and Farrar, Straus and Giroux are but four of the major book publishers created and run by Jews. In finance, the story is much the same. Premier names like Goldman Sachs, Lehman Brothers, Bear Stearns, Salomon Brothers, Lazard Freres, and Wasserstein Perella are just a few of the contemporary names of a legacy dating back to the Rothschilds, Warburgs, Kuhn-Loebs, and Seligmans. In private equity, names like Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, Thomas H. Lee Partners, Blackstone Group, Hellman & Friedman, Quantum Fund, Steinhardt Partners, Claxton, Arthur Rock, Alan Patricof, Gene Kleiner, and Ben Rosen are today's legends taking the place of Bernard Baruch and Henry Morgenthau Jr. Of the twenty-six individuals named to the Private Equity Hall of Fame, at least eight (31 percent), and perhaps as many as eleven, are Jewish.

Jews were generally not allowed to own real estate outside the ghetto for the better part of 1,800 years. They have compensated by becoming a major force in development and management of property all over the world. Of the five largest Real Estate Investment Trusts listed by Forbes magazine in May 2002, four were headed by Jews.

Today, Michael Bloomberg is New York's mayor, but earlier, he created Bloomberg LP, the enterprise that gave him the wherewithal to take on a second career. It is the largest financial information company in the world.

Few people know that the shell of Shell Oil traces back to a London curio shop where the Samuels family featured seashells before two sons started trading kerosene. Nor would they know that the Amoco part of BP Amoco was the creation of the father and son team of Louis and Jacob Blaustein, who also invented the railroad tank car. Amerada Hess, Aurora Oil, Marvin Davis, Occidental Petroleum, and Kaiser-Francis are just a few more of the petroleum businesses started or principally shaped by Jews.

America's great legacy of the Guggenheim Museums and Smithsonian's Hirschorn Museum and Sculpture Garden have their origins in the success of two great mining operations established by Jewish families.

In business services, Manpower is the world's largest temporary staffing company, just as ADP is the largest payroll processing company and H & R Block is the largest preparer of tax returns. All were started by Jews.

And lest anyone think Jews are not on the leading end of new technology, Jews:

  • Created the world's largest and most valuable computer company (Dell, Michael Dell).

  • Co-founded the world's most successful search engine (Google, Sergey Brin).

  • Head the world's largest software company (Microsoft, Steve Ballmer)

  • Co-founded and head the world's second largest software company (Oracle, Lawrence Ellison).

  • Co-founded, led and serve as chairman of the world's dominant microprocessor and memory chip company (Intel, Andrew Grove).

  • Served as CEO or COO at three of the world's four most valuable Internet companies (Yahoo, Terry Semel; eBay, Jeff Skoll; and IAC, Barry Diller).

  • Co-founded and head the communications protocol/chip company whose chips are in most U.S. cell phones and are slated to be utilized in the next generation of cell phones to be used worldwide (Qualcomm, Irwin Jacobs).

  • Most of the World's leading information, cable TV, radio, internet and news agency is owned by Jews, even the International news agencies where all news is gathered, censured and distributed around the globe...Reuters and API. So before you hear it...they censor it.

A few Jewish leaders.

In politics, there have been 3 Jewish Presidents and as of Oct. 2009 they hold 11 percent of the United States Senate and 6 percent of the House of Representatives. They were 42 percent of the 100 largest political donors to the 2000 election cycle, and since 1917, when Judge Louis Brandeis was appointed, 17 percent of Supreme Court justices have been Jews. They now hold two of the nine positions. The Washington lobbyist groups are the largest, richest and most powerful.

President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin and both the Roosevelts Presidents were Jewish. Abraham Lincoln was said to have been raised Jewish by his Jewish Mother.

The Jewish Connection

From England and Europe to Africa to China to Russia, as well as North and South America the money monopolizers have manipulated the world's resources and wealth while spreading their greed and contemptibility for all non Jewish peoples.

 

 

 

__________________________________________________________

John D. Rockfeller

John Davison Rockefeller (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American industrialist. Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. In 1870, he founded the Standard Oil Company and aggressively ran it until he officially retired in 1897. Standard Oil began as an Ohio partnership formed by John D. Rockefeller, his brother William Rockefeller, Henry Flagler, chemist Samuel Andrews, and a silent partner, Stephen V. Harkness. As kerosene and gasoline grew in importance, Rockefeller's wealth soared, and he became the world's richest man and first American billionaire. Other than the Rothschilds, he is often regarded as the richest person in history.

John D. Rockefeller in 1885

Born July 8, 1839 (1839-07-08)

Richford, New York, USA Died May 23, 1937 (aged 97)

The Casements, Ormond Beach, Florida, USA

Occupation; Chairman of Standard Oil Company; investor; philanthropist Net worth $318.3 billion, according to Wealthy historical figures 2008, based on information from Forbes - February 2008.

Chronology of the Standard Oil Company

In 1863, the young Rockefeller, along with a partner, started a small refinery in Cleveland. The company does well and grows. In 1870 he reorganizes his company and found the  Standard Oil Company. In 1871, some refiners discuss the possibility of making an alliance big enough to convince the railroads to give them special rebates for the shipping of oil, and extra premiums for their competitors. They realized that the speculative nature of their business would be done with if they became the only buyers and only sellers. Looking for an existing company to buy its name and charter, they found the South Improvement Company. The name was good, as it meant nothing. People involved in this company stood for no more that 10% of the total American refining business, but told the railroads that they stood for  the majority. The Standard Oil was the main shareholder and led the operations. This was the beginning of the alliance with the railroads described above. The advantage over the competition was decisive, and the leverage on the producers was soon to be felt.

Rockefellers Standard Oil Alliances with the railroads

From the beginning, Rockefeller succeeded in extorting from the railroads a deal that gave him major advantage over his competitors : preferential rebates. Moreover, those same railroads also committed themselves to inform the Standard Oil on every move of their competitors, and collaborated on its side in price wars by raising the price of transport for a given area.

The preferential rebate system

As the biggest client of the railroads, the Standard could get extremely favorable terms from them.

For each destination, a public rate was published, which was almost never used. The members of the Standard Oil scheme got a substantial rebate, like 30-50% off the public price. So far nothing extraordinary, but please go on. People outside of the scheme not only had to pay full price, like $ 2.56 a barrel when their competitor paid only $ 1.56 but the railroad paid back to Rockefeller himself the difference with the public price, here $ 1 ! This deal strangled the competitors who had to compensate for this inflated costs elsewhere.

The resistance of the public and a Pennsylvania court's judgement forbade this scheme, which was the base of the  South Improvement Company, but the huge size of the Standard's orders gave it sufficient leverage over the railroads to still gain rebates substantial enough to beat the smaller refineries. These smaller competitors sold their refineries one after the other for a song to Rockefeller.

The Pipelines

The possibility of carrying oil through pipes had been thought of from the beginnings. In 1863 Samuel Van Syckle tried, under heavy mockeries from the other oilmen, to carry oil trough a 5 miles long pipe buried under 60 cm of earth. When the pipeline began working satisfyingly, charging only 1 $ a barrel, hundreds of teamsters (who so far earned 3 $ a barrel for transportation) tried to destroy the pipeline ! The sheriff had to post guards to protect it, and soon others pipelines were built. Transport on men's backs or on carriages disappeared quickly and everyone started building its own pipeline.

The first pipelines were guarded by armed men

By Hook or Crook, he manipulated the oil market

In 1872, John D. Rockefeller had bought United Pipe Lines, a group of small lines. Four years later, in 1876, he already controlled the half of all existing pipelines, through the active work of his lieutenants. After a price war and with help from the railroads he succeeded in eradicating his main competitor in this business, colonel Joseph Potts' Empire Transportation Company which passed over to him sword in hand by the weeping colonel. At the end of 1879 Rockefeller controlled almost all pipelines built in the USA.

In 1879, Pennsylvania's independent producers succeeded in building a pipeline they owned, the Tidewater. Rockefeller first tried to have the government forbid the project, then to buy land on the pipelines proposed way, but without success. This was a major defeat for him, as now the public could see the independents' oil flow freely to the consumers and the price fixing scheme of the Standard Oil appeared in public light, like the railroads deals. An investigation was started and Rockefeller had to testify, but with little success.

Rockefeller began to foment dissentions in the midst of the  Tidewater, trying to damage its credit, to buy its directors, to suit it. In the meanwhile his men were buying the Tidewater's stock in secret. He finally took control of the company in 1882. Now the totality of America's pipelines were again under his firm control.

In oversupply episodes, especially after the discovery of the famous Bradford field in 1877, his almost perfect control on the carrying of oil from the fields to the refineries allowed Rockefeller to dictate the price he wanted to pay for the crude oil. This was possible because the oilmen could not store the enormous quantities of oil they extracted, and their only option was to sell it at bargain prices to Rockefeller if they didn't want to see it run to the ground and earn them nothing but tears.

Conquest of the Pipelines They even boasted that they control the world market for oil and coal shipment

After having tried to destroy several pipelines developments, Rockefeller saw that this was a much more efficient mean of transportation for oil. When each barrel cost 40 cents to carry to the railroads, which then made the Standard pay 85 cents (against an official rate of $1.30), pipeline transport only cost 16 cents a barrel. The success of the first experiments with pipelines was made by the Tidewater Company, which had its own network of refiners. Rockefeller tried every possible mean to secure control of the Tidewater, like making false rumors to be able to buy its stock at a low price, and finally took control by alliance.

He applied to pipelines the methods that had been so efficient with refineries, and in 1879 he controlled most of the oil-gathering pipelines, those which connected the wells to the shipping points. These lines were organized under the name of United Pipe Lines.

At the summit of its glory, the Standard had thus a quasi monopoly on the US pipelines.

The 1872 Oil War

In early 1872, after a leak, a rumor spread through the Oil Regions, a rumor of a "great scheme between the railroads and the refiners to control the purchase and shipping of crude oil". At the same time, an employee disclosed prematurely the new railroads rates, twice as expensive as before. The rage of the producers immediately led to demonstrations, a press campaign in the  Oil City Derrick and petitions to the Pennsylvania legislature and to Washington. The producers decided not to deliver a drop of oil more. The Standard Oil Company had to close its refineries for technical unemployment and waited patiently for greed and hunger to break the enemy's front.

After an investigation had revealed the preferential rebates given for rail transport, a court ordered a unique rate. Congress concluded that the South Improvement Company was the most enormous and most daring of all the conspirations that a free country had ever seen. An other man would have let the anger and despise win over him, but not Rockefeller. He had a mind that, when faced to the wall, he would do what he had always did!

He went on asking for preferential rebates ! And the railroads had to yield, as the means of transportation between oil fields and refineries were numerous (several railroads and a canal) and a big client like the Standard could have his will done, always menacing to switch to a competitor in case of non cooperation. The only thing that changed was that the importance of keeping these deals secret were now clearer.

This oil war had after all  a nice ending for Mr. Rockefeller, but he had still a lot to do. Too many independent refiners were left to let him make an monopolist price, and he quickly settled to eradicate them.

Alliances and counter alliances

End 1872, 80% of the American refiners, unite under the presidency of Rockefeller in the National Refiners Association. As soon as the producers learned it, anxious to see an oligopsone for their good formed, make a counter alliance and unite in the Petroleum Producer's Agency. We have to consider the producers psychology : scattered over vast territories, they had little interest for things outside their own wells, and would unite only under extreme circumstances. Having lived through the euphoric conditions of the first years, they excepted a return on invested capital of no less than 50 %, and if they did not earned their total investment in three years, they felt sorry.

But only oil at $5 a barrel could grant them such profits. And to have such a price, the only way was to unite to restrict production. Note that this is the first time in history that oil producers unite to restrict production, 100 years before OPEC !

Rockefeller thus had to deal with the new producer's association which asked him $5 a barrel. Instead of refusing,  John D. Rockefeller smartly pledged himself  to buy oil at this price as long as the producers effectively restricted their production. He thus showed his "good will and willingness to ally with them for the good of the industry." This unhoped-for collaboration of the Standard calmed the producer's anger and soon they stopped their protest.

But did Rockefeller abandon his dreams of conquest ... ? Only a few months afterwards, the Standard Oil announced that it would no more buy oil from the Petroleum Producer's Agency. You have not restricted production sufficiently, how can you expect that we continue to pay your price ? This reaction caught the producers by surprise and they did not react efficiently. Many were deep in debt and absolutely had to sell oil to avoid bankruptcy. A lasting freezing of production was thus impossible, and the Standard again dictated his terms. Dissentions soon consumed the alliance and after only 10 months, the producers association disappeared.

Price policy

The quality of the Standard Oil's operations and its efficient methods to get the lowest price from its suppliers and from the railroads made it the lowest cost refiner in the world. This allowed the company to launch a price war on a given market (a city or a whole region) to wipe out all the competitors.

The Standard thus regularly lowered its prices in a given area to eradicate a smaller competitor, who could not resist selling at loss for long enough.

But if this strategy was often used, globally the idea was to maintain price as high as possible to insure a steady, high profit, but not too high.  As already mentioned, too high prices would have attracted new competitors, and  prices fluctuating with crude oil production would have attracted the general public's attention on what made the price what it was.

Other methods

Sabotage was sometimes used, as for example in 1887, when the Standard Oil paid a mechanic working for the Vacuum Oil Company in Buffalo to tamper the still so as to make it explode.

In the fight against  independents pipelines, armed men defended land bought par Rockefeller on the planned way of the pipelines.

Numerous examples of bribery of judges and politicians are also well known.

Consolidation of the refineries

Their goal was to control the world's supply of oil, shipping and pipelines

Between  1875 and  1878, Rockefeller travels through the US in a campaign to make selected refiners join the Standard. To the interested refiners, he explained in the greatest secret how they were about to gradually control every refinery in the US, and become the only shippers, dictating their terms to the railroads. The Standard Oil's economies of scale and incredible profits were shown to them, and they were promised wealth beyond their wildest dreams if they cooperated with the Standard with Rockefeller at the steering wheel. He succeeded in uniting the 15 biggest refiners in the country, dominating 80 % of the total capacity.

Another method was used with smaller refineries. He first tried to buy them, often offering no more than 40% of the invested capital. Those who refused eventually yielded to the enormous pressures of many kinds. For example, a lubricant producer in Cleveland had the Standard Oil as his only supplier of distilling waste, his raw material. One day, Rockefeller stopped his supply totally, and soon afterwards bought the factory for a song to his crying owner.

Others gave in after heavy underselling from the Standard on their markets. Because when Mr. Rockefeller undersold, he went on day after day, week after week, month after month until there was nothing left of his competitors. Nobody had sufficient reserves to successfully resist a price war with the Standard Oil.

If the preferential rebates from the railroads, the cutting off of the crude oil supply and the price war were not sufficient, other methods were used. As said above, a mechanic of the Vacuum Oil Company in  Buffalo was bribed to tamper a still. The sabotage worked fine and the refinery exploded, but only years later did the repenting mechanic clear his conscience by telling the story. This cast some light on the muscled methods of the Standard.

Old and poorly placed refineries were shut off and the most efficient enlarged. All the buying, the negotiations with the railroads and the selling of the finished substances were under Rockefeller's management.

The consolidation process went on, par ruse ou par force, so that in 1878 a superstitious fear of resisting to Rockefeller and his men appeared in the Oil Regions, making life unbearable for the independents.

In 1879, after intense juridical battles, the jury of the Clarion county declared  John D. Rockefeller and several of his directors of conspiring in gaining a monopoly in the buying and selling of crude oil, so as to make it impossible for other people to do the same business profitably.

Rockefeller proposed an out-of-court settlement. The producers accepted bitterly, asking for (1) full stop of the preferential rebate system (2) stopping of all discrimination for pipeline transport (3) a sum to pay the lawyers fees. Rockefeller had won again, profiting from the weak waiting capacity of the producers and of their difficulty to unite except when in major difficulties.

He once again escaped the public wrath.

Expropriation of retailers

The avowed goal of  de John D. Rockefeller was to take control of the whole oil business. This implied the capacity of leading the fate of each barrel of petrol, from the time it came out of the earth until it was burned in the housewife's lamp.

He still had to control the retailer network, those who sell kerosene to housewives and lubricants to factories.

Some refiners had their own retailer network, others had wholesalers (or jobbers) who then sold to groceries. To achieve total integration of the industry he still needed his own retailers, which he promptly got.

Very soon the whole US territory was covered with local retailers working under close supervision by the headquarters. The same perfection observed in other parts of the process could be seen in the retailing : excellent service, quality product delivered on time. Informers, often employed by the same companies they were spying, told the Standard Oil of every move of its competitors. If for example a retailer had ordered oil from an independent refiner, an agent of the Standard contacted him and offered cheaper Standard Oil oil. If for some reason the grocer did not want to do business with the Standard, he was then visited by a pseudo independent refiner who offered him special prices. After all the independent producers oil had been evicted from the local market by a few month of such a price war, the kerosene price quickly rose again at its initial level in this region.

If their methods came to public knowledge, the directors of the Standard accused "excessive zeal"  from their employees and promised to correct it. As Rockefeller said in a rare interview in 1890  « ... In a business as large as ours, conducted by so many agents, some things are likely to be done which we cannot approve. We correct them as soon as they come to our knowledge. The public hears of the wrong - it never hears of the correction.»

The Standard oil Trust

The first great industrial trust

Until 1881 the forty companies controlled by John D. Rockefeller and his partners was a cordial alliance, welded by cross holding of shares. Standard Oil's jurist, Samuel Dodd, proposed to unite the alliance in a trust. The shareholders of refining, extracting, trading, retailing companies would hand in their actions to 9 trustees, which would give them in exchange trust certificates. The trustees would then become the directors of all the companies in the system, controlling the totality of the operations. Dividends would be paid to the trust's shareholders.

The project was realized and the Standard Oil Trust built his headquarters at 26 Broadway in New-York.

The new organization perfected the great monopoly and began to look like the Vatican. People from all the world brought information to the generals gathered around John D. Rockefeller. They discussed in the greatest secrecy the affaires of their empire, taking decisions which were quickly transmitted around the world in a seemingly frictionless machine.

Standard Oil's headquarters at 26 Broadway

A reasonable share of oil production ? Maybe, but 90% of the refining capacity in the USA .... Source : Hidy et Hidy, Pioneering in Big Business, NY 1955

Investigations and trust's dissolution

In 1887, the Standard Oil was one of the best managed companies in the world, mastering almost everything related to its good. Its factories were the most perfect in the whole industry, organized with the greatest economy. Its knowledge of worldwide oil demand was so deep that the company produced only what was necessary to keep prices constant. At the same time marketing departments sold its products all over the world through aggressive campaigns. Who could complain against such a perfect company?

7.8 Investigations and trust's dissolution

In 1887, the Standard Oil was one of the best managed companies in the world, mastering almost everything related to its good. Its factories were the most perfect in the whole industry, organized with the greatest economy. Its knowledge of worldwide oil demand was so deep that the company produced only what was necessary to keep prices constant. At the same time marketing departments sold its products all over the world through aggressive campaigns. Who could complain against such a perfect company?

Nevertheless, political pressure was growing. If we leave them, they will have followers, and in 50 years a handful of men will own the country said some, We have the right to lead an independent business, cried others. The sentiment was growing that the public eye should scrutinize the Standard Oil Trust business.

In 1888 a New-York senator investigated the  Standard Oil Trust. The investigations wanted to know especially if the control of 90% of the American market was not due to special privileges, like, yes, a preferential rebate from the railroads...

Other investigations ran at the same time, on the sugar trust and the whiskey trust, but no one took the importance of the investigation of the Standard Oil Trust. The latter owned $150 mil of capital, managed by 9 men. Faced with the risk of a court order of the liquidation of the trust, these men decided to liquidate it themselves and to replace the trust certificate by a constant proportion of securities in each of the ensuing 20 companies. John D. Rockefeller  personally received 250'000 of the 970'000 shares that came from the liquidation of the Trust. The Standard once again kept its monopoly power and went on paying dividends to its shareholders.

The 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act Congress passed this act in 1890, and this is the source of all American anti monopoly laws. The law forbids every contract, scheme, deal, conspiracy to restrain trade. It also forbids conspiracies to secure monopoly of a given industry. The ideas were new and had to wait before they could achieve some efficiency. The Standard reorganized once more, in a holding in the Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) which now coordinated the whole machine, that is 70 companies and 23 refineries controlling 84% of the crude oil refined in the US in 1899. Ten years later, international competition (from Canada, Peru, Rumania, Poland, India or Russian) and the struggle of the independents lowered this percentage to  14 %. Theodore Roosevelt committed himself in 1901 and during both of his mandates to a strong war against monopolies, launching the federal government in 1906 in a lawsuit against the Standard because of discriminatory practices on the market, abuse of power and excessive control on the American oil industry.

7.10 Dismantling of the  Standard Oil

In 1911, the Supreme Court finds the Standard Oil in violation of the 1890  Sherman Antitrust Act because of excessive restrictions to trade, and in particular its practice of buying out the small independent refiners or that of lowering the price in a given region to force bankruptcy of competitors. The court ordered the  Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) to dismantle 33 of its most important affiliates, giving the stocks to its own shareholders and not to a new trust. From these offspring will come Exxon, Mobil, Chevron, American, Esso (that is SO).

This is a landmark ruling in the economic history of the USA, and is the basis for a new doctrine in American  antitrust policy, called the rule of reason (because of the famous unreasonable restraints to trade mentioned in the  Sherman Antitrust Act. Need for more solid juridical basis led to the  Clayton Antitrust Act in 1914, which explicitly condemns commercial practices like price discrimination, exclusive commercial relations, the buying out of competitors and the incestuous boards.

Conclusion

From the beginnings of the oil business, the producers understood the power of monopoly. The erratic fluctuations of the oil price had already convinced them to restrict production in a common effort, but their accord never lasted, so great were the incitation to cheat. A unified organization, a trust, made a rigorous control of the quantities produces possible, and thus of the price. If we add to this monopolist power the gigantic scale economies, we understand the tremendous profits of the Standard Oil. The ruling of 1911 reached its objectives and gave birth to 10 integrated oil companies among the most powerful of the world. The dissolution of the Standard stimulated innovation and expansion through competition, although worldwide competition was quite strong before the dissolution.

The situation from the 1970's, with a producer's cartel controlling the better part of the world's oil output, and which does not always work smoothly, is thus not without precedent. We need not look outside of the oil industry to find forerunners.

Chronology

1870 The Standard Oil Company is founded by John D. Rockefeller in Cleveland, Ohio. The refining industry is at this time decentralized, and Rockefeller's share of the refined oil business is less than 4%, with more that 250 competitors in the US.

1870 John D. Rockefeller and Flagler start the South Improvement Company to pool oil transportation on railroads, letting those who take part in the scheme to get incredibly cheap rates.

1873 John D. Rockefeller already controls 80% of the refining capacity of Cleveland, which makes a third of the national's total.

1879 The Standard Oil Trust shuts down 31 of the 53 refineries owned by the Standard Oil and concentrate production in 3 giant refineries.

1880 Standard Oil controls almost every refinery in the US and has more than $40 million in cash.

1882 The alliance of all the companies that made the Standard Oil is transformed into the Standard Oil Trust, the first big trust in the USA. The shareholders of the 14 companies and minority shareholders of a further 26 hand in their bonds and shares to 9 trustees and get in exchange $70 million in trust certificates. The trustees control the company and pay dividend to the holders of these certificates.

1882 An Ohio court dissolve the trust, but it is reincorporated in New Jersey, a state that accepts trusts. The trustees leave their initial horizontal integration concept and work for a total vertical integration.

1890 Congress votes the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Standard is again reincorporated, this time in New Jersey as a holding.

1900 The Standard Oil controls more than 90% of the refined oil in the USA.

1911 The Supreme Court decides to break up the Standard Oil into smaller more competing companies.

The public was not and are not aware the natural state of the oil market, or of the great fluctuations that come from the speculators much more than supply and demand. Prices today are still manipulated by the marketers on Wall Street, which are still greatly influenced by the Rockefellers. Only the name of the game has changed!

__________________________________________________________________

Think about it, The Jewish Rockefellers own Standard Oil, along with hundreds of other global enterprises. They control the NY Port and all properties thereof, including the Twin Towers and all other destroyed buildings on 9-11; which were in control of another Jew, Larry Silverstein, who recovered much more from the insurance companies, without even an investigation, than the buildings worth. The US President Bush and his cabinet, as well as the NY mayor, Rudy Giuliani were staunch Jewish supporters. Two hundred Israelis were detained immediately after 9-11, but were ordered released by the White House. Nothing has changed, as in Sept. 2008 the  existing Jewish NY Mayor, Michael Bloomberg and the state governor,  Jewish George Pataki succeeded in removing the 2 term limits allowing Bloomberg to serve a 3rd term as NY Mayor.

The Jewish Rothschilds, Rockefellers, etc. control and influence include a vast majority of insurance companies, 95% of the world's media, the Federal Reserve, Banks, The FDIC & Treasury Dept, The New York Banking Department, as well as major realties, financial institutions and etc. In addition the Jews own the market share of the world's minerals, precious metals, coal and more.

News; Sept. 15 - 2009

Suicides or Eliminations

James S. McDonald, the CEO of money-management firm Rockefeller & Co., died Sunday from an apparently self-inflicted wound. McDonald, who also sat on the board of the NYSE Euronext, the giant stock exchange, was 56 years old. In a statement obtained by the Wall Street Journal Monday night, Barclay McFadden III, who called himself a friend of McDonald's family, said McDonald "took his own life," and said the family would have no further comment.

McDonald's apparent suicide came less than one week after Finn M. W. Casperson, the former chairman and CEO of Beneficial Corp. and another prominent financial figure, was found dead from a single, self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head near his own home in Westerly, Rhode Island.

The circumstances surrounding McDonald's passing were still unclear Tuesday morning, though he is believed to have taken his own life in New Bedford, Mass. Reached by DailyFinance, a detective with the New Bedford police department was unable to provide further details.

Colin Campbell, Chairman of Rockefeller & Co., which began as the "family office" of legendary industrialist John D. Rockefeller, issued a statement saying, "Jim McDonald was an exceptional individual who provided strong leadership of Rockefeller & Co. for over eight years. He will be missed by all of us privileged to have known and worked with him."

McDonald had been CEO of the New York-based Rockefeller & Co., which was originally founded in 1882 to manage the assets of Standard Oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller and his family, since 2001. Today, the firm has some $28 billion under management for clients that include foundations, endowments, and private investors. Rockefeller & Co. doesn't disclose the performance of its investment portfolio.

McDonald graduated from Harvard University and earned a law degree from University of Virginia. Prior to joining Rockefeller & Co., he ran Pell, Rudman Trust Co. in Boston. McDonald was also chairman of the Japan Society in New York.

McDonald was the General Manager, Director, Chairman of Audit Committee and Member of Pricing Committee, NYSE Euronext, Inc. He was connected to 35 board members in 2 different organizations across 2 different industries.

I am quite sure there will be no real investigations of his death, especially as it would involve the world's wealthiest people. Just another cover-up like John and Robert Kennedy, Pearl Harbor, Vietnam's Bay of Tonkin and 9-11, Iraq war and so on.

_____________________________________________________________

There are approximately only 14 million Jews in the world as of 2011,

yet they control 80% +/- of the worlds wealth & resources!

Jewish Billionaires ( partial list)

Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook Creator)

Unknown billions

Donald Trump; unknown billions

Larry Silverstein; $10+ Billion

Owner of the Twin Towers when they were blown up

Lawrence Ellison

Net Worth:$25.0 billion

Sheldon Adelson

Net Worth:$20.5 billion

Sergey Brin

Net Worth:$18.7 billion

Larry Page

Net Worth:$18.6 billion

Michael Dell

Net Worth $17.2 billion

Steve Ballmer

Net Worth $15.2 billion

Carl Icahn

Net Worth $14.5 billion

Michael Bloomberg

Net Worth:$11.5 billion

George Soros

Net Worth:$9.0 billion

Samuel Newhouse

Net Worth $8.5 billion

Source: Forbes Magazine

Jewish Media Executives

Rupert Murdoch

CEO of News Corporation

Robert A. Iger

CEO of the Walt Disney Company

Philippe P. Dauman

CEO of Viacom

Jeff Zucker

CEO of NBC Universal

David Westin

President of ABC News

Donald Graham

CEO of the Washington Post

Mortimer Zuckerman

Editor-In-Chief of U.S.News & World Report

Arthur O. Sulzberger Jr

Publisher of The New York Times

Mel Karmazin

CEO of SIRIUS Satellite Radio

Joanne Lipman

Editor-In-chief of Condé Nast Portfolio

Jann Wenner

Publisher of Rolling Stone Magazine

Source: Wikipedia

Jewish Investment Bankers

Richard S. Fuld, Jr.

CEO of Lehman Brothers

Lloyd C. Blankfein

CEO of Goldman Sachs

Charles R. Schwab

Founder of the Charles Schwab Corporation

Prof. Stanley Fischer

Governor of the Bank of Israel

Bob Zoellick

President of the World Bank

Ben Bernanke

Chairman of the Federal Reserve

Alan D. Schwartz

CEO of Bear Stearns

Bruce Wasserstein

CEO of Lazard LLC

Dr. Josef Ackermann

CEO of Deutsche Bank

Jean Claude Trichet

President of the European Central Bank

James Dimon

CEO of JPMorgan Chase

Blake Grossman

CEO of Barclays Global Investors

Source: Wikipedia

A few of the many Jewish owned and/or controlled US Companies;9

MTV and Nickelodeon (Viacom)

Google

Oracle Corporation

Dell, Inc.

Miramax

Warner Brothers

Dreamworks SKG (Steven Spielberg)

Comcast

CBS

CNN, which was sold by Ted Turner

MGM

Universal Studios

ABC

20th Century Fox

Columbia Pictures

Facebook

Jeff Skoll, co-founder of eBay

Sun Microsystems

del.icio.us

PayPal (before being bought by the Jewish owned eBay)

Cisco Systems

Mirabilis and ICQ

BitTorrent

Häagen-Dazs

Dunkin' Donuts

Baskin Robbins

Toys R Us

Mattel

Wynn Hotels

Ameriquest

Carnival Cruises

Neiman Marcus

Royal Carribean Cruises

Levi's

DKNY

Calvin Klein

Home Depot,

Kenneth Cole

Loews Corporation

Goldman Sachs

Seagram's

Macy"s NY

H&R Block

Charles Schwab Corp.

Progressive Insurance

Fannie Mae

Freddie Mac

Enron and the Jewish Fraudster Kenneth Lay; Video

CNBC's JEWISH GUEST TALKING HEADS

"Jews Tell The News"

Jewish businesses own every major newspaper, magazine and other worthy print. The Jewish own the main Reuters and API World's news distributors.

Jews dominated Cable TV NEWS with 65%+ of the News Jobs, Appearances, Hosts, Talking Heads, and Consultants. In addition, many of the government officials interviewed by the Jewish Reporters are Jewish, too. This situation is an ever-present danger to Non-Jews in our nation. This is a report about a single night on Cable TV News and how Jews dominated everything said through their appearances which, over and over again, denied any time at all to Non-Jews. Thus, the nation of 98% Non-Jews was told what to think of the Iraq War and the Impeachment of the President, and almost all of the opinionated talking was by Jews.

Jews: Geraldo Rivera, Alan Derschowitz, Richard Ben-Veniste, Lanny Davis, Candy Crowley, Robert Wexler, Charles Zewe, Andrea Mitchell (Alan Greenspan's Jewish Wife), Claire Shipman, Alec Baldwin, Betty Friedan.

Jews Featured But Not Pictured Here: William Cohen, Robert Rubin, Madeleine Albright, Sandy Berger, James Rubin.

MSNBC's JEWISH GUEST TALKING HEADS

Jews: Sam Brownback, William Cohen, Murray Fineman, Steve Rothman

African American: Rehema Ellis

Members of CFR or Suspected Of: Richard Haas, James Woolsey, Lawrence Eagleburger, James Dunnigan

Jews Featured But Not Pictured Here: Robert Rubin, Madeleine Albright, Sandy Berger, James Rubin, Henry Kissinger

CNN's JEWISH GUEST TALKING HEADS

Jews: Sandy Berger, Rahm Emanuel, Jeff Greenfield, Andrea Koppel, Gary Tuchman, Bob Franken, Larry King, Madeleine Albright, James Rubin, Wolf Blitzer

African American: Bernard Shaw

Members of CFR or Suspected Of: Brendt Scowcroft

Jews Featured But Not Pictured Here: William Cohen, Robert Rubin

So, there you have it. Almost no Non-Jews were invited to express their opinions. In fact, there was little time for them, and, if one-half of the persons featured were Non-Jews, we would be surprised. Certainly less than 15 Non-Jews were present, and with 28+ featured Jews plus 7-8 additional Jews in Government or about 35 Jews, the voices of Non-Jews were not represented.

INS (Immigration & Naturalization Services) figures show that America's Jews are only 2% of the nation, yet, the NEWS on any particular day or evening, the Jews represent 65%+ of the guests, hosts, and talking heads. Yet this is not unusual. Most of the Jews, African Americans, and CFR Members featured here are nightly visitors, being on the regular NEWS circuit, always invited to give their opinions to the mostly Non-Jewish nation. Of the other persons we haven't mentioned, most were Hispanic or Arab. VERY FEW were White European Americans, the usual stock population of this country.

Modern Historians on the issues of immigration--Samuel Francis and D'Neesh D'Sousa--find this situation to be particularly disturbing in the light of present American History. According to their books and columns, Europeans are being rapidly replaced with Russian Jews and other non-European Ethnic Groups--mostly at the insistence of Jews. The major Jewish culprits were Frank Lautenberg and Jacob Javitts who authored the most anti-European immigration bills in our history, the very laws which are responsible for European decline in our nation.

After reporting on the Jews of Cable TV NEWS and after writing this story, we thought how, if Jews had been singled out for exclusion in this manner, the talking heads on CNBC, CNN, and MSNBC would be spewing "hatred," "racism," and "ethnic cleansing."

That is the danger of this situation. We live in a frightening new America that will someday be empty of all Europeans.

Time to reduce Jewish ownership and participation in the NEWS to the 2% of their number in this nation. Otherwise, our own people will continue to be propagandized about liberalism, socialism, integration, busing, separation of church and state, immigration for non-Europeans only, Zionist conspiracy, ethnic suicide, and other Jewish ideas. In a nation that is 98% Non-Jewish, 98% of the NEWS should reflect their opinion and definitely NOT the opinions of an overactive and overly verbal 2% whose aims are to destroy us.

Even More;

There are many hollywood production companies that are Jewish such as Miramax and other companies the Weinstein brothers own. I have been told Ben and Jerry's Ice cream is Jewish. The CEO of Disney is Jewish (but Walt was very anti-semitic). Solomon brothers investments. Ester Lauder was Jewish but now that she has died I am not sure who runs the company so it may not be Jewish owned any longer. Neiman Marcus I believe is also Jewish owned. Johnson and Johnson products have been rumored to be Jewish owned but I think in reality it used to be but is not anymore. Sort of like Levi Strauss that used to be Jewish owned but is not anymore. Macys was also the same way.

Baskin and Robbins was founded by Jews but I believe that are both deceased and a board now run the company. Ben & Jerry's Ice-cream. Dream Works studios is Jewish owned (Spielberg etc). Hafagen Winery in California is Jewish owned. The Jersey City Medical Center. The Trust Company Bank. I understand Time Warner has a CEO that is Jewish but it is also run by a board etc.Viacom is Jewish owned.

Several sports teams, which I suppose are businesses, are Jewish owned .Fox TV, The New York Times and London Times are owned by Rupert Murdoch who is technically Jewish as he had a Jewish mother and is a staunch supporter. The chairman of Yahoo is Jewish but I am not sure if he is one of the founders or not or what percentage of the company he owns. Comcast, AT&T Cable, the Wall Street Journal, Newhouse Publications, Century 21, Mountain Valley Water, The Coastline Trust Company, Albertsons, Milton Hershey was Jewish and he founded the Hershey company.

The CEO of Microsoft is Jewish and owns stock in it but how much of a percentage of the Microsoft he owns is unclear. Vidal Sassoon owns the Vidal Sassoon company. Qualcom was founded and still run by Irwin Jacobs. Michael Dell of Dell computers and the company Oracle is Jewish owned. The record label RCA is Jewish owned. MCA and Universal is Jewish owned as well. It is my understanding that Goodyear was not founded by a Jewish person but has since been purchased by James Goldsmith. Citicorp was funded by the Rothschilds and the CEO is Jewish. Calvin Klein, Ralph Lauren and Isaac Mitzrahi all are Jewish and own their own companies. Jerry Springer is Jewish and I think he owned the production company that made his show. Peter Falk is Jewish and I believe he owned the company that produced his Colombo series. The Stargate SG1 series was owned by Anderson Greenberg Corp, in which Greenberg was Jewish. Jerry Seinfeld, Whoopi Goldberg and hundreds more actors and actresses are Jewish.

Well Known Jews;

Henry Kissinger               Alan Greenspan, Ex-Chairman of the              Madeline Albright                 SEC. of Treasury Timothy Geithner &

Ex-Sec. of State &          private Federal Reserve that controls Former Secretary of  State        Ben Bernanke FED. Reserve Chairman

Nixon's Vietnam              the U.S. Money Supply.

War Advisor

Michael Chertoff, Sumner Redstone, Richard Perle, War Hawk,

Head of 'Homeland Security' CEO of Viacom, "world's biggest media giant" Advisor to President Bush Economist, owns Viacom cable, CBS and MTVs all over the world,

Blockbuster video rentals & Black Entertainment TV.

Brought "Gangsta Rap" to the youth of the world.

He's the 64th Richest Person in the World, 2006

Geraldo Rivera Jewish mother Larry King, CNN                        Mike Wallace, CBS, "60 Minutes" Jonathan Miller

Ex-Chairman & CEO AOL-Time

Now Working  for Fox's Murdoch ,

after Jewish Ross Levinsohn

left to start a Capital Fund.

Barbara Walters of CBS                       Dan Abrams, MSNBC, Abrams Report Andrea Mitchell, MSNBC, wife of

Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan

David Geffen, Co-Owner of Leslie Moonves, Jeffrey Zucker, Chief of NBC
DreamWorks Studios President of CBS television, great-nephew of David Ben-Gurion.

Roman Polanski, Director Mortimer Zuckerman, Rupert Murdoch,

It was speculated that he paid Owner of NY Daily News, US News & World Report Owner of Fox TV, New York Post,

the Charles Manson clan to and chair of the Conference of Presidents of London Times, News of the World

kill his pregnant wife Sharon Tate Major Jewish American Organizations, one of the largest pro- Israel lobbying groups.

Jew Jack Abramoff (Left)
Rabbi Jack Abramoff, known as the 'Super Zionist' pled guilty to lobbying scandals. This dark rabbit hole extends all the way to both houses of Congress and to the White House itself and includes connections to a Casino murder in Florida.

Jew Bernie Madoff, on right, was the world's biggest swindler. He lied and cheated people out of $65 Billion dollars and was sentenced to the maximum 150 years. Bernie Madoff slipped from a life of  luxury to a small grey cell for the balance of his ‘life.’ Now if they could round up all the remaining leaches!

 

Al Goldstein, Pornographer, Internet Porn giant. Seth Warshavsky, Howard Stern

"The only reason that Jews are in pornography is that The Bill Gates Of Smut' Pornographic Talk Show Host

we think that Christ sucks. Catholicism sucks. We don't

believe in authoritarianism. " Pornography thus becomes

a way of defiling Christian culture and, as it penetrates to

the very heart of the American mainstream...we becomes more charged..."

From: Jewish Dominance In the Porn Industry


Eric Harris, The Second Columbine Killer Dylan Klebold (Jewish)

The Jewish controlled media misrepresented these two One of the two Columbine High School Killers)

as "White Supremacists" when in fact the main shooter, He sang as he killed kids: "We hate niggers, spicks

Dylan was Jewish. Both targeted Whites and Christians. ...and White pieces of Christian shit."

 

_____________ _________________ _____________________________________________________

Sept 17, 09

Jewish Expansion and Acquisitions

(Notation; "Big business write off their loss as a result of bad business practices, but it's the tax-payers making up for the country's tax losses. For big business...it's a win...win situation.")

Wall Street's Biggest Con Is M&A 'Advice' (Mergers & Acquisitions)

Kraft's quest for Cadbury is the latest episode in the empty pursuit of M&A.

As the market cheers Adobe Systems Inc.'s planned acquisition of Omniture Inc. and Kraft Foods Inc. mulls its next move in its bid to buy Britain's Cadbury PLC, Wall Street is abuzz with the possibility of a new wave of mergers and acquisitions.

The state of affairs at Jewish owned Kraft created a big opportunity for dealmakers. An experienced merger adviser could easily use Kraft's struggles to push the company and its CEO, the Jewish Irene Rosenfeld, into pursuit of Cadbury. Jewish Bruce Wasserstein's firm, Lazard Ltd., is leading a contingent of four firms expected to reap more than $42 million for advising on a deal, according to Thomson Reuters/Freeman & Co. (Also a Jewish Co.)

Financial incentives and the pressure from advisers make it hard for even the most confident and skilled CEO to ignore the M&A race. In 2000, Mr. Wasserstein urged Jerry Levin, both Jewish, to strike a deal with America Online after critics said Jewish Mr. Levin's Time Warner was in danger of becoming an "old economy" relic. The result was a $181 billion debacle widely acknowledged to be among the worst deals in American business.

Apple Inc. has essentially grown through a never-ending chain of deals, the latter through its emphasis on research and development. During the last five years Apple stock is up more than 800%, but we all know that what goes up...comes down hard.

It's the very lucrative pay-offs for the CEO's that persuade them to sell or merge off their companies. For the CEOs of the targets, the incentive isn't just about getting a nice premium for shareholders -- an admitted benefit of M&A. Executives of acquired companies are famous for getting big payouts. CEO James Kitts received $165 million when he sold Gillette to Procter & Gamble in 2005. A study by BusinessWeek that same year found that half the 100 biggest companies had provisions that would pay CEOs an average of $28 million in the event of a merger.

Profit incentives are created by market manipulations, as Wall Street bankers are constantly scheming up potential deals for their clients. They schmooze. They cold call. They spread rumors in the media that a company is for sale, or on the prowl, or can be bought cheap, or needs to do a deal. As a result, the companies shares plummet, the investors lose millions and the Jewish piranhas move in.

Investment banks love the M&A business. Except for underwriting initial public offerings, advising on mergers is the most profitable business on Wall Street. The beauty of the business is that it just takes a few talented people and doesn't carry the risk of a trading desk. It's also the business that keeps on giving. Corporate clients usually turn to advisers for financing and other services.

Advisers have generated $11.58 Billion in fees globally this year, according to Thomson. The bad news for Wall Street is that it's the lowest total this decade. Even in 2008, Wall Street made $35 billion. And in the big M&A year of 2007, advisers raked in $49 billion, almost all of which was pure profit.

With so many deals failing to meet expectations, it would seem that corporate boards and CEOs would be skeptical of the practice. They aren't though, not when presented with smooth-talking investment bankers whispering in their ears and vague promises of financial incentives awaiting them.

M&A is a mostly empty exercise built on promises of profits and efficiencies that rarely come to fruition. Companies almost always overpay for their targets, hurting their shareholders and enriching few except the CEOs and deal makers such as the investment bankers who goad them into the next must-have merger. It's somewhat like selling life insurance to the deceased or very expensive Cryonic storage; the freezing of a person for possible future awakening if and when science may provide cures for their diseases and such.

M&A is a mostly empty exercise built on promises of profits and efficiencies that rarely come to fruition. Companies almost always overpay for their targets, hurting their shareholders and enriching few except the CEOs who do deals and the investment bankers who goad them into the next must-have merger.

The roadside is littered with deals that promised great things and went bust. Is it any surprise that the serial dealmakers of the financial world -- Citigroup Inc., Bank of America Corp. and American International Group Inc. -- are at the center of the nation's financial malaise?

Bank of America, it should be noted, couldn't contain itself even as the pillars of the financial industry were shaking. It struck a questionable deal for Countrywide Financial Corp. early in 2008 and added Merrill Lynch & Co. -- maybe the biggest botched deal in the last decade -- a few months later.

Multiple studies have shown no evidence that shareholders of acquisitive companies do better than their stingier counterparts. Some companies are able to wring costs from acquisitions, but usually don't. Close to 90% of European mergers fell short of their objectives in 2007, according to Hay Group.

The roadside is littered with deals that promised great things and went bust. Is it any surprise that the serial dealmakers of the financial world -- Citigroup Inc., Bank of America Corp. and American International Group Inc. -- are at the center of the nation's financial malaise?

Bank of America, it should be noted, couldn't contain itself even as the pillars of the financial industry were shaking. It struck a questionable deal for Countrywide Financial Corp. early in 2008 and added Merrill Lynch & Co. -- maybe the biggest botched deal in the last decade -- a few months later.

Multiple studies have shown no evidence that shareholders of acquisitive companies do better than their stingier counterparts. Some companies are able to wring costs from acquisitions, but usually don't. Close to 90% of European mergers fell short of their objectives in 2007, according to Hay Group.

More News in Sept. 2009

EBay agreed to sell a 65 percent stake in Skype for $1.9 billion to a consortium including Netscape founder Marc Andreessen's Andreessen Horowitz, venture firm Index Ventures, private equity firm Silver Lake, and the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board. Jewish firms making a power play.

Now they are being sued;

The founders of Skype have sued owner eBay Inc (EBAY.O) and an investor group that has agreed to buy the Webphone service, accusing them of copyright violation and potentially disrupting the $1.9 billion deal.

The lawsuit brought by Joltid Ltd, a Swedish firm owned by Skype founders Niklas Zennstrom and Janus Friis, says Skype used its technology without authorization. It comes on the heels of a legal dispute between Joltid and Skype in Britain over software rights.

Filed in Northern California U.S. District Court this week, the latest suit seeks a permanent injunction against Skype and damages. EBay has denied the allegations.

Joltid believes damages are piling up at a rate of more than $75 million a day.

News; Sept. 2009 - Barclays seeks to take advantage of the devastated US Securities market. Jerry Missier, Barclay's President was connected to Bernard Madoff and his pyramid scams. Here is a list of Jerry Missier Connections;

Madoff and Connections

Items appearing in this Madoff and Connections relationship map:

(please click your back button to return to this page)

The rises and falls of the world's economy are all connected to the same Jewish money barons and the world's wealthiest family, the Jewish "Rothschilds...market manipulators and financers of all of the globe's war since Napoleon."

__________________________________________________________

Shell Oil; A Jewish Company Financed by The Rothschilds

A tale of pollution, mayhem and murder

NEW YORK — July 5 2009; Even as Jeroen van der Veer was preparing to pass the baton to Peter Voser, who took over as chief executive of the oil giant Royal Dutch Shell last Wednesday, the contentious legacy of the company’s activity in Nigeria was nipping at its heels.

Just a few weeks earlier, Shell had agreed to settle a court case stemming from the execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa, a leader of the indigenous Ogoni environmental movement in Nigeria who had protested against Shell’s environmental practices in the oil-rich Niger Delta.

On the basis of dubious charges, Mr. Saro-Wiwa and eight other activists were tried and ultimately hanged in 1995 by the country’s military government.

Families of six of the victims subsequently filed numerous lawsuits against Shell, one of the oldest and largest companies operating in the region, accusing it of complicity in a variety of human rights abuses, including events that led to the executions.

Shell denied having had any part in the matter. Instead, in a June 8 statement, the company said the settlement — totaling $15.5 million — constituted a “compassionate payment to the plaintiffs and the estates they represent in recognition of the tragic turn of events in Ogoni land, even though Shell had no part in the violence that took place.” Of course not????

Amnesty International, which observed the change in executive leadership at Shell with its own assault: a 143-page report, published last Tuesday, that accused Shell and other oil companies of decades of environmental and human rights abuses in the region.

The report, titled “Nigeria: Petroleum, Pollution and Poverty in the Niger Delta,” noted that while oil business in the region had generated about $600 billion during the past 50 years, the majority of the 31 million people living in the area remained pitifully impoverished.

Amnesty, quoting a U.N. report from 2006, described the region as suffering from “administrative neglect, crumbling social infrastructure and services, high unemployment, social deprivation, abject poverty, filth and squalor, and endemic conflict.”

Much of the blame, the group said, lay at the feet of the oil industry generally and, in many cases, Shell specifically.

Royal Dutch Shell, the energy group, revealed that its pension fund was exposed to Mr Madoff. In a statement, it said its investments with Mr. Madoff amounted to $45m. “Even when these investments would have to be written off in their entirety, the impact on the financial position and the funding status of the Pension Fund would be very limited,” it said.

_________________________________________________________

The Bernie Madoff Swindle and Jewish Foundations

Several foundations have already said they would close because they invested nearly all their money with Madoff. The hardest hit appear to be charities associated with Jewish causes, where Mr. Madoff was an active board member and donor.

The Gift of Life Foundation, a Jewish bone marrow registry, said it needed to raise $1.8m immediately to make up its losses. The Robert L. Lappin Foundation, which financed trips to Israel for Jewish students, said it would shut after losing its entire $7m endowment.

The Carl and Ruth Shapiro Family Foundation, which supports the arts, education, hospitals, and Jewish causes in Boston and Palm Beach, has lost almost half of its assets, which stood at $345m at the end of last year.

Mr. Shapiro said in a statement: “I was stunned and saddened to learn about the allegations against Bernie Madoff. It is devastating to think that so many charities, individuals and institutions that put trust in Mr. Madoff have had their lives so negatively impacted.”

Was the swindle an inside job? Was Madoff just a scrape-goat in the end?

Neither the SEC inspection unit nor auditors challenged the false information provided by Bernard Madoff for years, even though they had been warned several times by market annalists and other whistle blowers.

The US Securities and Exchange Commission must “reform itself from within” or Congress will do it for the agency which bungled several opportunities to stop Bernard Madoff's ‘Ponzi’ scheme, US Senator Richard Shelby warned

My thoughts are; Since many charities were investors with Madoff and do not usually pay any taxes and received donations wouldn't it be possible that just perhaps Mr. Madoff didn't actually swindle 65 billion dollars? What better way to elevate the actual losses of said investments with Madoff  for even higher tax write offs; or said funds were not in reality even invested and have now simply been used elsewhere. Madoff was Jewish and many of his largest investors were also...the entire thing seems like yet another scam. It is well known that people, companies, etc. file higher claim amounts than were actually lost. This is true in every scenario, fraud, theft, fire and so forth. With this mind it is quite reasonable to believe that the entire incident was a part of the yet another scam.

Regulators under Clinton and especially Bush were hampered by political pressure to leave hedge funds alone and were restricted by a lack of resources to inspect more than 11,000 registered investment advisers. Political pressure I am quite positive came from The Wall Street Bankers.

Ponzi schemes share the characteristic of paying off early investors with money from newer arrivals.

Ponzi Schemes are alive and well; For the last 13 years or more, big and small investors alike turned over their money to Stephen Walsh  and Paul Greenwood, two New York money managers, in the belief that an “enhanced equity index’’ strategy would reap them huge profits.

But as in most cases it was proven that the money instead filled the two men’s “lavish lifestyles.’’ The large sums of money were spent on multi-million dollar homes, luxury cars, horses and collectible items such as antiques, rare books and Steiff teddy bears worth as much as $80,000 USD.

The pair, who were arrested and released on bail last week, are just the latest in a stream of alleged Ponzi schemes that have been uncovered since September.

In depth: Stanford scandal - Jun-19

Stanford receiver seeks $925m from investors - Jul-30

Department of Justice accused of delaying Stanford probe - Jul-29

Dispute over move to claw back Stanford funds - Jul-21

Stanford case spreads its tendrils - Jul-20

Antigua sued by Stanford ‘victims’ - Jul-13

Since mid Aug. 2009 at least 12 complaints involving “Ponzis” or other similar scams, have been filed, including a CFTC complaint filed on Thursday alleging that a Texas man bilked 250 investors of $10.9m.

Historians say the last time the US has seen anything similar was during the 1920s, when Charles Ponzi’s postage scam flourished. The same get rich schemes leading to the 1st great depression led to the 2nd one.

The SEC was again embarrassed when a Federal Judge Killed a Proposed Settlement with BOA

Just as the Securities and Exchange Commission was dealing with it's previous embarrassment of it's failure to detect the Bernard Madoff, a federal judge just quashed a proposed settlement between the commission and Bank of America, humiliating the SEC yet again.

In a stunning rebuke on Monday, US district judge Jed Rakoff described last month’s proposed settlement between the SEC and BofA over allegations that the bank made misleading statements to shareholders as a “contrivance designed to provide the SEC with the facade of enforcement and the management of the bank with a quick resolution of an embarrassing inquiry – all at the expense of the sole alleged victims, the shareholders.”

The Lehman Brothers Planned Demise

One distinct winner to have emerged from the wreckage of the Lehman Brothers collapse and the financial turmoil that ensued, it is Barclays Capital, the investment banking arm of the UK bank. Barclays, the Lehman Brothers and JP Morgan Chase are all Jewish firms.

Barclays, Banking Arm of The UK Bank; Founded in 1997. Financials; Total assets ▲ US $ 2.686 trillion (2008) Annual Income; 10.34 Billion. Employees 20,000

Barclays PLC. Annual Revenue: £17.3 billion GBP (2005) · Employees: 113,300

Barclay's CEO is Robert Diamond; President Jerry del Missier, whom had ties to Bernie Madoff.

Diamond initially worked for Morgan Stanley in New York, before taking a job as head of the government bond division in London. In 1992 he was appointed head of Asian operations by Credit Suisse First Boston and moved, with his family, to Japan, and subsequently to Greenwich, Connecticut.

In 1997, Diamond once again moved to London with his family after he was offered the position of Chief Executive at Barclays de Zoete Wedd (BZW), soon to be rebranded Barclays Capital. He joined the bank's board on June 1, 2005, as executive director and President of Barclays PLC.

Since joining Barclays he has also taken control of the bank's wealth management (Barclays Wealth) and fund management (Barclays Global Investors) divisions. Subsequent to the 2008 financial crisis, there has been controversy over Diamond's pay as one of the world's highest-earning bankers, collecting a package worth up to £27m in 2006, £36m in 2007 (approx. $70m USD), and holding Barclays shares worth £65m, close to $83 Million dollars.

It was not until the collapse of Bear Stearns and subsequent fire sale to JPMorgan Chase in March 2008 that BarCap’s top executives – including Bob Diamond, chief executive, and Mr. del Missier – began to think about an acquisition in the US.

When Lehman foundered in the second week of September last year, Mr. Diamond, Mr. del Missier and other BarCap executives were ready to move. Lehman had strong businesses in equities and investment banking and was a dominant presence in fixed income in the US.

Over a frantic two days, BarCap put together a plan to buy Lehman and place most of its problem assets in a structure supported by other Wall Street banks. But the deal foundered over British regulatory guidelines forbidding BarCap from providing a guarantee on the bad-asset structure without putting the matter to its investors. After Lehman filed for bankruptcy, BarCap achieved an even better deal, cherry-picking the bank’s US operations and acquiring its flagship building in Manhattan.

While Nomura, the Japanese investment bank, snapped up Lehman’s European and Asian operations, BarCap acquired the failed US bank’s North American business just days after the bankruptcy for the bargain-basement price of $1.75bn.

Lehman’s 10,000 employees in the US, traumatized by the company’s bankruptcy, which wiped out much of their wealth, as a majority of their income were stock options, and like sheep spared from slaughter they were mostly open to the lifelines extended by BarCap.

Client relationships were badly frayed by Lehman’s bankruptcy, which resulted in financial losses for many of Lehman’s customers.

The main Lehman Bank is still in Business, but with a new name; The Aurora Bank FSB

Gone are Lehman Brothers' investment banking operations, the private bank, the brokerage businesses and trading desks, as almost every Lehman unit has been unloaded to a new owner or shut down.

The former Lehman Brothers Bank has remained and is not part of the bankruptcy. In the first few months of the parent company's bankruptcy, the bank website even continued to advertise an application for a Lehman Brothers credit card.

The bank was optimistically renamed Aurora Bank FSB in April -- Aurora being the goddess of the dawn in Roman mythology.

It employs more than 1,700 -- the bulk of Lehman Brothers remaining staff -- with most in loan servicing operations in Colorado and Nebraska. Other than that, the bank only has two branches: one in Wilmington and another in Jersey City, New Jersey.

Regulators have limited the bank's ability to offer new certificates of deposit. That has created a drain as current CDs mature, forcing Lehman to pump hundreds of millions of dollars into the bank to prevent it from being seized.

"It's a nice business," Bryan Marsal, Lehman Brothers' chief restructuring officer told a meeting of creditors in July. He said Aurora could be worth $1 billion to Lehman Brothers, although he acknowledged the bank was struggling to match the maturity of assets with liabilities.

The company currently services more than $100 billion in mortgages, a potentially steady and stable business.

"If we can solve that matching problem, again, this portfolio which is valued today at $592 million worth of equity, we think is very, very conservatively priced."

Lehman Brothers had bought the bank in 1999, when it was a troubled thrift known as Delaware Saving Bank FSB.

The acquisition allowed Lehman Brothers to make its own home loans, rather than buying them from potential rivals.

"Aurora was a defensive move on the part of Lehman Brothers," said Brad Hintz, a former Lehman Brothers chief financial officer and now an equity analyst with Sanford Bernstein; "Yet another Jewish Firm." "They started to originate their own mortgages so they had a predictable flow of mortgages to their securitization desk."

Lehman Brothers ran one of the largest operations repackaging mortgages, a business that collapsed along with the market for those securities, helping to bring the firm to its knees.

______________________________________________________________

The Carbon Trading Industry has led to yet another billion dollar scam

The EcoSecurities Group, a carbon trading company is a wholly owned subsidiary of JPMorgan. They are a carbon, pollution, trading and holding company that will have a major control of this new industry. Large industries will be able to buy credits in lieu of actually having to deal with their polluting issues.

EcoSecurities Group (ECO:LSE) set a new 52-week high during today's trading session when it reached $104.60. Over this period, the share price is up 58.33%.

Turmoil in the carbon markets threw up two contrasting sets of company results on Thursday, one from trading exchange business Climate Exchange, the other from EcoSecurities, a carbon trader. Turnover at EcoSecurities, which invests in projects that generate carbon credits under the Kyoto protocol, rose almost tenfold from €7.2m to...€68.4m.

What a scam...these degenerate profit driven industries will save billions in not cleaning up their carbon emissions.

"After years of research and just life in general...my conclusion is there is no honesty or sanity in the world involving money, power, sex and religion!"

________________________________________________________________

Check out the World's Wealthiest Companies and discover for yourself how many have Jewish Control. Just to name a few. Walt Disney, Reuters News Agency, Dell Computers, EBay, Microsoft, Wal-Mart, Standard Oil, most all of Hollywood's Studios, American News Agencies, such as CBS, NBC, ABC, and nearly every US newspaper and magazine, etc. Zales Jewelry, De Beers Diamond and Gold Mines, Petra Diamond Mines,

Rio, BHP Billiton (BHP) and Brazil's Vale (VALE) have stranglehold on global pricing for iron ore and other key commodities. (Today, those big three account for over 70% of globally traded iron-ore sales.)

________________________________________________________________

CEO's of Bailed out Banks still reap in $$ millions in Pay and Bonuses

Consider the study released last week by the institute. It showed that the top 100 executives at the 20 biggest banks that received Troubled Asset Relief Program loans -- firms such as Goldman, JPMorgan Chase (JPM, Fortune 500) and Bank of America (BAC, Fortune 500), which now owns Merrill Lynch -- made an average of $13.8 million each last year.

Admittedly, that's down from $19.1 million in 2007. The figure, derived from company proxy statements, covers salary, bonuses, stock awards and other compensation.

Even so, $13.8 million is a nice sum for executives whose companies, in many cases, wouldn't have survived last fall's financial apocalypse without taxpayer assistance.

At Goldman, the Jewish Blankfein made $43 million last year, using the institute's math -- bringing his three-year take to $151 million.

The bailouts extend even beyond the $700 billion TARP program, the government has provided financial firms with assistance via expanded deposit insurance, federal guarantees of bond issues and extensive subsidies, via Fannie Mae (FNM, Fortune 500) and Freddie Mac (FRE, Fortune 500), for the mortgage market. The chart on the left depicts the value of FDIC backed bonds in the Billions.

Bloomberg to Warren Buffet...are still deeply admired, even though a few seconds consideration would make it quite obvious they are both most likely insider traders. Buying and selling stocks and portfolios at just the right time...is much more than coincidental.

_________________________________________________________________

US Largest 32 Companies

1. Koch Industries; From Diesel Cups to Diesel Fuel (Jewish)

2007 revenue: $98 billion (revised by company since publication)

Fiscal year end: Dec. 31

2007 Employees: 80,000

Industry: Diversified manufacturer

CEO: Charles G. Koch (Jewish)

Location: Wichita, Kan.

With a presence in almost 60 countries, the diversified manufacturer has its hand in more than a dozen industries including, energy, chemicals, fibers and polymers, minerals, fertilizers and forest and consumer products.

Sept. 2009;

Supreme Court discussions seem to agree that limits on political donations from corporations should be lifted or removed;

During arguments, the court's conservative justices seem to view corporate political spending as beneficial to the democratic process. "Corporations have lots of knowledge about environment, transportation issues, and you are silencing them during the election," Justice Anthony Kennedy said during arguments last week.

(More garbage spewing from the mouths of bought and owned Judges)

The Jewish Ownership of the World

Jewish dictate holds that the Jewish collective community is morally superior to all others and that, throughout history, they are victims of innocence. The below chapters represent merely the beginning of an inquiry into this enforced myth, a myth represented everywhere in American popular culture as fact.

Among the economic fields in which Jews today are especially visible is investment banking -- "Wall Street," including interconnected networks of lawyers and other legal and economic manipulators stretching deeply into Hollywood and the mass media. Since the 1800s the "Old Crowd" of German-Jewish banking families (the Seligmans, Lehmans, Goldmans, Sachs, Warburgs, Schiffs, Loebs, et al) had predominated the field; a "New Crowd" of Jews has in recent decades taken their place. After World War II, melodramatically note Judith Ehrlich and Barry Rehfeld, "economic power in America and Wall Street was shifting ... Fresh faces came forward as if answering a call ... They were the children and grandchildren of Italian, Irish, Poles, and other Europeans who were not of Anglo-Saxon ancestry. But most of all they were Jews." This is not to suggest of course that the seminal Jewish American investment firms are today inconsequential. Far from it. In 1999, for instance, Goldman, Sachs and Co. stretched across the world to become the "single largest and controlling shareholder of South Korea's largest bank, Kookmin. [BLOOMBERG NEWS]

"In the world of high finance," observed Gerald Krefetz, "Jewish interest is concerned with investment banking, a broad catchall for activities ranging from tendering advice to underwriting securities. The heart of investment banking is public offerings and private placements, the risking of capital -- sometimes ones' own, but more often other peoples' -- to finance new companies, or expand old ones." [KREFETZ] The nature of Wall Street entrepreneurship might well be presumed in the title of a 1986 volume by Ken Auletta: Greed and Glory on Wall Street: the Fall of the House of Lehman, or Martin Meyer's Nightmare on Wall Street: Salomon Brothers and the Corruption of the Marketplace (1993). Both Lehman and Solomon are Jewish-founded firms.

Finance, investment banking, brokerage, and commodities are the speediest ways (short of outright crime) to get rich in America; by 1988 the stock and bond market and linked economic activities totaled 12 trillion dollars a year (six times the value of the assets of Fortune's top 500 companies). "Where the money went," note Ehrlich and Rehfeld, "and what happened to it were greatly influenced by Wall Street power brokers." Corporate mergers, acquisitions, and takeovers have become an especially lucrative field. "By the 1980s, says Ehrlich and Rehfeld, "along with [Gentile] T. Boone Pickens, and a few others ... the [Jewish] New Crowd was at the very core of the mergers and acquisitions field." ... [This circle of money men] bought luxurious homes, expensive art, high-priced foreign cars, designer clothes and jewelry; they hosted or appeared at the right parties." The old WASP establishment had seen its wealth eroded by changing tax laws and inflation ... arriviste Jews began to appear on the boards of such time-honored WASP institutions as the Museum of Art, the Metropolitan Opera, and the New York Public Library." The New Crowd broke the stranglehold of the Establishment WASP bankers and [older Jewish] Our Crowd competitors ... and extended profit centers to newer financial activities such as block trading, risk arbitrage, a wide range of retail securities products, financial futures, listed trading of options, and junk bond financing that helped companies expand and made almost every company vulnerable to a takeover, a leveraged buyout that restructured corporate entities and raised critical debt levels."

In the 1970s, "hostile turnovers," notes James Stewart, "bore an unsavory taint. They generated bad feelings, especially toward those who represented the attackers. This sometimes alienated other clients. Much of the WASP investment banks and loan firms preferred to leave such work to the other firms, many of them Jewish." "Various techniques and instruments were used in the Wall Street boom of the 1980s," says Norman Cantor, "but the most consequential -- and lucrative was the floating 'junk' (low grade) bond to provide capital for involuntary takeovers of one company by another. Fiscal critic Benjamin Stein [sees] the junk bond device as a huge fraudulent Ponzi scheme generating temporary money pools that could be looted by ruthless investment bankers and corporate executives and their overcompensated lawyers."

William Leach traces the influence that those in investment banking have had in shaping America, both economically and in influencing the nation's values:

"The growth of investment banking and mass consumption industries were (and still are) closely related developments ... Bankers assisted in undermining the competitive ethos by directing business interest toward concentration and easy economic fixers. They helped local monopolies become major national 'players' almost instantaneously. Banker-inspired megalomania reinforces an already clear pattern in the economy away from 'making goods' to 'making money.'"

There is a long list of Jewish entrepreneurs on Wall Street who, as a group, have been influential in literally changing the American economic system. Sanford I. Weill, for instance, "amassed a brokerage empire and eventually became President of American Express;" he was later "recognized as one of the most powerful Jewish businessmen in the nation." John Gutfreund rose to become the chairman of Solomon, Inc., "one of the most powerful securities firms in the western world." Felix Rohatyn "perhaps more than any other, was linked with the flood of massive corporate combinations that reshaped American business for much of the past three decades." Sanford C. Bernstein & Co., valued at around $3.5 billion and with assets of $90 billion, is "one of the biggest closely held U.S. money managers." It manages $55 billion "for institutions, such as pension funds, endowments and foundations, and $35 billion for wealthy individuals."

Other influential Jewish Wall Street 'players' (financiers, lenders, borrowers, advisers, lawyers, et al) in recent years have included Alan Greenberg, Ira Harris, Bruce Wasserstein, Jerome Kohlberg, Henry Kravis, Peter Cohen, Joseph Flom, Martin Lipton, Victor Posner ("a onetime Baltimore slumlord" who was indicted in 1982 for $1.25 million in income tax evasion and filing false tax returns. Posner is "the flamboyantly wealthy Miami Beach financier [who has] been discredited as one of the most unprincipled and destructive modern corporate raiders." Nelson Peltz, the Belzbergs, and many others. Alan Greenberg is the head of Bear Stearns, Stephen Schwarzman founded the Blackstone Group, a prominent investing firm. Well-known traditional Jewish investment banking houses include Lehman Brothers, Lazard Freres, Goldman Sachs, Salomon Brothers, Bache & Co., and Cantor/Fitzgerald. "Jews took the lead in the '60s," notes Jewish business author Steven Silbiger, "with new investment banking techniques that helped introduce a conglomeration craze by using multipurpose holding companies ... The concentration of Jewish-owned securities firms created well-paying employment opportunities at all levels of the securities industry: securities analysts; portfolio managers; and stock, bond and futures traders; brokers and deal-makers. Among the equity holders of the Jewish investment banking and trading firms on Wall Street are hundreds of Jewish millionaires. Upward mobility based on merit and high salaries has made working on Wall Street a Jewish-friendly career choice ... Although exact figures for the numbers of Jews are not available, they no doubt have a leading and disproportionate role on Wall Street."

In a book entitled, "The Money Machine," about the KKR company (Kohlberg, Kravis, and Roberts), the author address three more Jewish Wall Street members:

"Here were three men who started a firm in 1976 with a few million dollars and ten years later had control over what is believed to be the largest corporate empire in the world ... Why did their names arouse such intense emotions, ranging from envy, to awe, to fear?"

By 1999, KKR controlled 23 companies. Among others, its stable included the Amphenol Corporation, Boyd's Collection Inc., Idex Corporation, Kindercare Learning Centers, Primedia Inc, and Gillette. It also made $5.9 billion profit in 12 years of ownership of America's second largest food retailing chain. By the 1980s, the company had "$45 billion in buying power," a sum "greater than the gross national products of Pakistan or Greece."

A Jewish investment financier, Jeff Beck, has been afforded an entire volume about his life, entitled Rainmaker. "By the end of the 1980s," notes its author, "[Beck] was living a life of deceit so absolute that in effect his true personality had become turned inside out. As money and money-making were glorified in the Reagan years, Beck's pursuit of wealth and the social status derived from it flowered into a full-fledged mania."

A Jewish investment financier, Jeff Beck, has been afforded an entire volume about his life, entitled Rainmaker. "By the end of the 1980s," notes its author, "[Beck] was living a life of deceit so absolute that in effect his true personality had become turned inside out. As money and money-making were glorified in the Reagan years, Beck's pursuit of wealth and the social status derived from it flowered into a full-fledged mania."

Another Jewish financier, Carl Icahn "rose from obscurity to become one of the most feared corporate raiders in the country, Chairman of TWA, the largest shareholder in Texaco and USX (formerly US Steel) and a billionaire. [Icahn was] perhaps the most successful financial predator of them all." Icahn is particularly notable for his repeatedly ruthless campaigns to take over unwilling companies, loot them for obscene profits, and -- successfully taking them over or not -- spitting them out again, leaving a wake of relative ruin. In 1982, for instance, Icahn warred with the whole community of Danville, Virginia, in his hostile bid to takeover a corporation called Dan River. Townspeople unified to resist him, investing retirement money and other savings into company stock. The company finally resisted the financial predator with a leveraged buyout; Icahn, however, managed to strip the town's economic lifeblood of $8.5 million." In another much publicized financial effort, during early attempts [eventually successful] to take over TWA Airlines the company president, then C. E. Meyer, Jr., called Icahn "one of the greediest men on earth." By 1998 he was attempting to take over Pan Am airlines.

In an attempt to ward off Icahn's efforts to take over the Phillip's petroleum company, it had to go $4.5 billion deeper in debt, as well as cut hundreds of millions of dollars of capital expenses, sell off $2 billion in assets, limit investor dividends, and tighten budgets. 5,000 fewer employees were working for Phillips by the time Icahn was through. Icahn walked away from Phillips unsuccessful after a 10-week struggle to seize the company, but $52.5 million richer. "The business establishment took notice [of Icahn's recurrently nasty dealings]," notes Connie Bruck, "One close associate of Icahn recalled that Laurence Tisch [the Jewish] chairman of Loews and now of CBS, Inc., said to him, 'Tell Carl to cut this out. It's not good for the Jews.'"

And what of this sensitivity to issues of Jewish concern on Wall Street, Jewish solidarity, and Jewish economic influence, particularly (but not only) with regard to Israel? In 1974 Stephen Isaacs noted a premiere example:

"Gustave Levy is the managing partner of the important Goldman, Sachs, and Company investment banking firm. Many have regarded Levy as the most powerful single individual on Wall Street, able to make or break men and companies almost casually. He personally controls the movement of billions of dollars. 'Gus is very conscious of being Jewish. He's very conscious of the problems it can cause,' said Philip Greer, a one-time stockbroker who had reported on Wall Street ... 'When you talk about Jewish muscle, Gus will back off -- 'I don't make waves, [he says], 'I've got it, and I can use it, and I know how to use it, and I do use it, but I'm not going to talk to you about it because then that redneck in Alabama is going to get very upset and I don't want him to know about it.’.... In the Six Day War Gus was sending money over [to Israel] like crazy. He would have financed the whole war all by himself. And he made no bones about whether you were Jewish or not. 'You need Goldman, Sachs. I need you now. If I don't get you now, you aren't getting me later.' It was as simple as that. He could've raised it from Schwartz or O'Reilly, it didn't make any difference to him, because they're both after the money that Gus controls."

In 1995, Wall Street financier Michael Steinhardt (wizard of the moneymaking device, the "hedge fund") closed his company, Steinhardt Partners, to concentrate more deeply upon spreading the message of Jewish and Israeli identity so dear to him. With a personal fortune of $400 million, he joined as a member of a consortium that bought Israel's Bank Hapoalim and the Maritime Bank. One of his brainchildren, called "Birthright," was by 1998 still in its developmental stages; it is a plan to bring all young American Jews for trips to Israel, to renew their roots to Jewish and Zionist identities. "As part of the birthright of every Jew on this planet, we want to offer free trips to Israel in their formative years," says Steinhardt. A building in Manhattan for renewal of Jewish identity was purchased, and there has been sponsorship of the Jewish Campus Service Corps to pull young Jews to Jewish programs at national campus Hillel centers.

By late 1999, "Birthright" was in progress, at a cost of $210 million. "Funded by the Israeli government, in partnership with Jewish philanthropists and communities abroad," college-age Jews in America competed in a lottery for free-trips to Israel with the expressed purpose of being socialized into deeper identification with the Jewish state. The goal is to transport 50,000 Jews a year to connect to the tenets of Zionism. Not all Jews are happy with the program. The chairman of the World Jewish Congress, for example, Isi Leibler, thought there were many more worthy applications of the funds. Many Jews getting in on the program too, he noted, were already "from affluent homes."

"It can be said," suggested Gerald Krefetz in 1982, "that Jewish wealth is generated from the financial side rather than the operational side. Many wealthy Jews have climbed the corporate ladder through law, accounting, and investment banking. Apparently, they are more at home massaging numbers than dealing with technical or substantive problems of production. If Jews are drawn to the financial side, it is probably due to the fact that in the last decade or two the financial tail wags the industrial dog."

"Greed knows no bounds," said the New York Director of the Securities and Exchange Commission in 1986, "there's always someone who makes more than you do. Investment banking is the new gold mine." In the same year New York psychiatrist Samuel Klagsbann, who had "a lot of lawyers handling mergers and acquisitions" as patients, noted that for these people "business is God."  "In the field of takeovers and mergers the sky is the limit," said prominent Jewish financier Felix Rohatyn (later President Bill Clinton's ambassador to France), "Not only in size, but the type of large corporation transactions. We have gone beyond the norms of rational behavior. The tactics used in corporate takeovers, both on offense and defense, create massive transactions that greatly benefit lawyers, investment bankers, and arbitrageurs, but often result in weaker companies and do not treat share holders equally and fairly ... In the long run we in the investment banking business cannot benefit from something that is harmful to our economic system."

In 1986, Dennis Levine was the first to be caught, a "dealmaker" at Drexel Burnham Lambart, for his "insider trading [exploiting confidential company information] which opened the doors to the greatest scandal in Wall Street history, a scandal that "caused grave concern within the Jewish community." Not long after, Martin Siegel was also arrested. As the scandal opened up, it was discovered that these wealthy criminals were overwhelmingly Jewish, including all its central players. "What was particularly upsetting from a Jewish perspective," notes Ehrlich and Rehfeld, "was the fact that the [criminal] network began, in part, when one member first introduced another to a third at a United Jewish Appeal function."

Connie Bruck, a Jewish journalist, notes that "Privately, [lawyer Martin] Lipton expressed another concern, one shared by many of the businessmen and lawyers who were part of the Jewish establishment in New York, and by some of the Drexel contingent as well. They feared that the common strain among these nouveau entrepreneurs and their nouveau banks at Drexel -- an overwhelming majority were Jews -- would unleash a backlash of virulent anti-Semitism... As one Drexel client ... put it: 'It used to be that the Jews would go [to WASP lenders] and they'd beg for money, and they'd be rejected while the Gentile would come in and they'd all go to lunch and smoke cigars.

Now it's a shift of power to the Jews. Drexel is making these huge sums of money and the banks comparatively little. The problem is, all the entrepreneurs are Jews with the exception of [T. Boone] Pickens and [Carl] Lindner -- and Lindner, a long time supporter of Israel, is the most Jewish non-Jew I've ever known." (In 1999, Lindner became controlling owner of the Cincinnati Reds professional baseball team.)

The Jewish Criminal Element

In protecting Jewish criminals Israel does not extradite no matter how atrocious the crime or where it happen.

"It is hard to grasp the magnitude and the scope of the crime that unfolded beginning in the mid-1970s," wrote a Wall Street Journal editor James Stewart, "in the nation's market and financial institutions. It dwarfs any comparable financial crime, from the Great Train Robbery to the stock-manipulation schemes that gave rise to the nation's securities laws in the first place. The magnitude of the illegal gains was so large as to be incomprehensible to most laymen." - "[Michael] Milken [and] some of his Drexel colleagues and anointed players," says Connie Bruck, "had made more money in a shorter period of time than any other individuals had done in the history of this country."

"A variety of critics voiced their apprehension about what they saw as greed that had gone out of control," says Ehrlich and Rehfeld, "... over the course of the next three years, it was revealed that more than a dozen insiders -- many of them members of Wall Street's most powerful firms -- as well as one of the hottest houses on the Street, had amassed millions of dollars in illegal profits. The accused were charged with violating securities laws that prohibited insider trading, that is, they used material confidential information primarily about impending merger bids, to profit from securities and transactions."

"During the crime wave," says Stewart, "the ownership of entire corporations changed hands, often forcibly, at a clip never before witnessed. Household names -- Carnation, Beatrice, General Foods, Diamond Shamrock -- vanished in takeovers that spawned criminal activity and violations of securities laws. Others, companies like Unocal and Union Carbide, survived but were heavily crippled. Thousands of workers lost their jobs, companies loaded up with debt to pay for the deals, profits were sacrificed to pay interest costs on the borrowings, and even so, many companies were eventually forced into bankruptcy or restructurings. Bondholders and shareholders lost millions more. Greed alone cannot account for such a toll. These are the costs of greed coupled with market power -- power unrestrained by the normal checks and balances of the free market place."

A major wheeler-dealer in the 1980s scandals was Ivan Boesky, who was (only a year before his 'public disgrace') also the Chairman of the New York area United Jewish Appeal. He also was a member of the board of both Yehsiva University and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, as well as a self-described "founder and supporter" of the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles. "Boesky's Jewish involvement," noted the Jewish Week, "resurfaced in the media at the time of his sentencing in December, with revelations that he had been taking classes at the Jewish Theological Seminary while awaiting sentencing and that leaders of some organizations that benefited from his gifts had written character references to the court, attesting to his generosity. The letters have sparked a new internecine debate among Jewish activists. Some claimed that Jewish philanthropies were 'going to bat' for a confessed felon because they had 'gotten their cut' from his ill-gotten wealth." - "Many Jews," wrote Ehrlich and Rehfeld, "worried that his trading abuses could cast a pall over the entire Jewish community. Not only was he the most important figure in the scandal, he was deeply involved in Jewish philanthropy," including a $2.5 million donation to the Jewish Theological Seminary for a library to be named after him and his wife.

This former head of the UJA was a particularly nefarious character. He had been fined for violating New York Stock Exchange trade laws in the 1970s; his 1985 book Merger Mania was written by a ghost writer, Jeffrey Madrick, and largely patterned (without saying so) on an existing volume by Guy Wyser-Pratte. Boesky was the time of man who watched his employees throughout his company by a video system in his office; he paid up to $5 apiece for catered lunches so employees wouldn't have to leave their desks, and "screamed at [employees] regularly." His oldest son, Billy, is reported to have called his father "stark raving mad." Upon Boesky's installment as the UJA campaign general chairman, he told his Jewish audience: "We must make an enormous effort to encourage people's sense of responsibility -- to be sure that at the very top we have the right attitudes about giving to the campaign. Attitude filters down."

The biggest fish caught in the Wall Street scandal, however, was super billionaire Michael Milken, the "junk bond king," who was charged with racketeering and mail and securities fraud. Milken single-handedly threatened to fulfill in real life the most profound of traditional anti-Semitic nightmare fantasies. A former Milken associate, notes Jewish journalist Connie Bruck, saw in Milken "the force of ... obsession, the megalomania, the conviction of a cause so just that the end justifies the means and, finally, the conceptualization of the corporate vehicle as a means of extending control nationwide -- and then worldwide." "Many billions of dollars were at his command," notes Bruck, "capital, as Milken had been saying and proving for a long time, was not a scarce resource. The only limits to his power, it seemed, would be the limits of his fertile imagination." Milken, sometimes present at Simon Wiesenthal functions, was well-known for being able to assemble billions of dollars overnight to aid corporate takeovers. At a yearly Milken-centered conference of the world's leading corporate takeover specialists, affectionately called the Predator's Ball, a close Milken associate, Donald Engel, arranged for high-priced prostitutes to service the gathered "predators."

The goal of Milken and his predatory cronies, says Leon Black of Drexel Lambart (the company that was ostensibly Milken's employer) was to finance "the robber barons who would become the owners of major companies in the future." (Black's father, Eli, was the "rabbinically-trained corporate chieftain of United Brands" who in 1975 jumped out a skyscraper window when it was revealed that he was paying bribes to foreign governments). [BRUCK, p. 65] Among the players in this scenario, Black particularly noted robber barons Carl Icahn, Henry Kravits (who guided a $6.2 billion buyout of the Beatrice company), Samuel Heyman (chairman of GAF who bid $6 billion for Union Carbide), Ronald Perelman, and a lone Gentile, Rupert Murdoch, owner of Fox News, (who was financed by Milken to take over Metromedia).[Ron: Arguably Rupert Murdoch IS a Khazarian Jew since his mother is a Jew.] "By ... 1985...," says Connie Bruck, "Milken was moving his players across the M&A [corporate mergers and acquisitions] field as though it were a chess board."

Ron Perelman's rise is typical. Closely associated with Milken, his mentor's junk bonds supported a variety of Perelman-inspired corporate invasions. Perelman seized a resistant Revlon with a company one-eighth its size, Pantry Pride. (In 1991 he installed Jerry Levin to head it). He also took over a group of tottering Savings and Loans for $315 million, suddenly controlling $7.1 billion in assets. In 1982 Perelman faced a lawsuit in his takeover of Technicolor. "Taken as a whole," says Connie Bruck, "the complaint painted a picture of Perelman allegedly using deceit and secret deals -- money here, position there, whatever it took -- to buy off the necessary people and get the company." In Perelman's hostile takeover of Revlon, he tried to bribe the CEO of that company, Michel Bergerac.

Another key Milken crony was Fred Carr (born Seymour Fred Cohen), head of the Beverly Hills-based First Executive Corporation, described by Benjamin Stein as "the largest insurance catastrophe in the history of the United States." Others who made use of Milken junk bonds to build illusorily business empires include Perry Mendel and Richard Grassgreen of the conglomerate Enstar (in Montgomery, Alabama). Enstar eventually went bankrupt, becoming, notes Benjamin Stein, "a source of rage, frustration, and loss for the people of Montgomery. They were taken, and taken badly." Mendel and Grassgreen were convicted of fraud in 1991.

Milken has had a powerful hand in a wide range of other attempted corporate takeovers. "He would cause frightened managements," says Bruck, "to focus on short term gains and elaborate defenses rather than research and development that makes for sustained [corporate] growth. It would cause the loss of jobs, as companies were taken over and broken up." Milken aided, for further example, Eli Jacobs' acquisition of the Memorex Corporation in 1986. And during the banking Savings and Loans scandals of the 1980s, Columbia Savings had a branch office one floor above Milken's own office; Columbia CEO Thomas Spiegel eventually purchased about $4 billion of Milken's junk bonds. In the early 1980s Saul Steinberg, with Milken financing, had attempted a hostile takeover of the Disney corporation. "Steinberg got calls from friends, Jews and non-Jews alike," notes Joe Flower, "warning him, saying, as Steinberg later characterized it, 'Saul, it's going to be you -- and with the name Saul Steinberg it's clear where you are and what you are -- taking over another white Anglo-Saxon Protestant company. In all the little towns of America they're going to say, 'That Jew took over Walt Disney. What would Walt say?' But the warnings did not make Steinberg hesitate. 'They just made me angry."

In 1969 Steinberg had tried to take over one of the most important banks in America, the $9 billion Chemical Bank. "Those who ... combined against him," noted Connie Bruck, "included not only the director and management of Chemical, but most of the banking business, Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller and the legislature of New York state, and members of the Federal Reserve Board and the Senate Banking and Currency Committee."

Although Milken eventually agreed to accept a six felonies conviction and pay $600 million (a sum larger than the yearly budget of the Securities Commission that sought to prosecute him) the prosecution of fabulously wealthy Milken was no easy matter. There was, for all intents and purposes, no money limit to his personal defense. He and his firm, Drexel, planned to spend up to $650 million to fight his conviction. This included a massive $140 million public relations campaign to change his public image from criminal to hero, an effort "revolving around the theme that he and his company helped to raise money [that] benefited every American." The public relations firm Milken hired referred to him as a "national treasure." In an effort to control public discourse about himself, Milken even bought the rights to photographs of him at all the news wire companies. In February 1986 he even offered to pay journalist Connie Bruck to not finish, and publish, a book she was working on about him and his associates. Expecting a significant Black presence in the New York City jury that would try him, Milken hired an expert on public relations in the Black community; the wealthy financier suddenly had an interest in the underprivileged and paid for 1,700 ghetto kids to go to a Mets baseball game. Milken clients and sycophants even took out full page ads in major papers, including the New York Times, proclaiming, "We Believe in You."

Milken ended up spending only a little over two years in prison, a small sacrifice for the staggering amount of wealth he accumulated. He was sentenced, notes Jewish scholar Norman Cantor, "by a Gentile woman judge who was married to a prominent Jewish lawyer. Eventually she found grounds for sharply reducing his sentence. .The skill of some Jewish billionaires in skirting the limits of the law but somehow emerging unscathed, with the aid of high-priced Jewish attorneys, and a compliant press, was remarkable." Milken court fines alone eventually amounted to $1.1 billion. Still on probation, in November 1997 the New York Times noted that "evidence of further illegal behavior since his release might well cause the government to request further sanctions against Mr. Milken, including even his return to prison." Since prison, Milken has been busy collecting tens of millions of dollars, "counseling" the MCI Communications Corporation, advising principal players in the Time-Warner-Turner Broadcasting mass media merger, and working with financier Ronald Perelman. In 1996 the New York Times noted Milken's presence in Israel in negotiations with a company called the Eisenberg Group. "The Milken Group," said the Times, "might invest in Israel Chemicals, of which the Israeli government owns 48.5%." [NYT, 8-14-96] The Eisenberg Group at the fore of all this is headed by Shaul Eisenberg, the richest man in Israel, who, "says Alan Vorspan," is the shadowy Israeli billionaire who had been brokering Israel defense technology to China for more than ten years ... 'Arms merchant of the world' is not synonymous with a 'light unto the nations." - "The arms business," note Andrew and Leslie Cockburn, "was and remains central to [Eisenberg's] operation." Other holdings include everything from chemical factories in Korea to projects in Central America.

James Stewart, a non-Jew and an editor at the Wall Street Journal, came under fierce attack for "anti-Semitism" for his book about Milken and the Wall Street scandals, the Den of Thieves (a title taken from this New Testament verse: "And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the table of the money changers, and the seats of them that sold doves. And say unto them, it is written. My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves." [MATHEW, 21:12-13])

A lawyer for Milken, a man we have run across before, Alan Dershowitz, tried to use the now standard Jewish defense argument -- an accusation of anti-Semitism -- as a tool to spare his criminal client jail time. Dershowitz published editorial pieces in the Wall Street Journal attacking Stewart. He also paid $45,000 for a full page ad in the New York Times the next day to outline his accusations, and half-page ads in other papers, everywhere charging anti-Semitism. In a letter to the New York Times Book Review section Dershowitz attacked both Stewart and the Review's reviewer of Den of Thieves, Michael Thomas, (a "money" columnist for the New York Observer) for alleged anti-Semitism. "Both," Dershowitz wrote, "seem preoccupied by Jews."

In defense, Thomas (whose novel Hanover Place and its free exploration of Jewish corruption on Wall Street has also been called anti-Semitic) said:

"If I point out that 9 out of 10 people involved in street crime are Blacks, that's an interesting sociological observation. If I point out that 9 out of 10 people involved in securities indictments are Jewish, that is an anti-Semitic slur. I cannot sort the difference."

When business journalist Connie Bruck published The Predator's Ball, a volume about Milken and the junk bond world, a Drexel lawyer (where Milken worked) accused her of anti-Semitism. "I remember a lawyer at Chas Gordeon and Reindel screaming at me and accusing me of anti-Semitism," said Bruck later, "And I'm Jewish, so that made it more unpleasant. It all comes from Milken. Milken told friends of his, who repeated it to me, that he believed the government's investigation was fueled by anti-Semitism."

"If Stewart is guilty of anything," wrote Allen Sloan of Newsday, "it's breaking the Cohen Rule when dealing with ethnic groups. It's only safe to identify a person ethnically or racially in a positive context ... Down deep we all understand the rules. But these rules shackle journalists and muffle the truth. They amount to censorship ... By blasting Stewart (a full page ad, for crying out loud!) for doing nothing more than stating the truth, Dershowitz has attempted to discredit his reporting by besmirching his character -- and, in the process, making Milken seem a victim of religious bigotry. Dershowitz's accusations, beside the point and below the belt, is a form of scape-goatism that comes perilously close to what it purportedly condemns."

Across the ocean, England had its own very publicized Jewish financier scandal at about the same time -- sometimes known as the "Guinness Four" affair. It was, noted the (London) Independent, "the most notorious insider dealing fraud of the Eighties," a plot to boost the share value of the Guinness corporation. [BRAID, p. 1] On trial were Gerald Ronson (head of Heron International), Ernest Saunders, Jack Lyons, and Anthony Parnes. They were all convicted, but each received reduced, short-term jail sentences. "All four defendants," noted the Times (of London), "... are Jews ... Any attempt to incite anti-Semitism because of Jewish financial misbehavior has to be deplored and opposed. But any attempt to minimize or excuse the offenses is also unacceptable ... In folk prejudice the 'Jewish banker' is an unkind cliché, but herein lies the problem. He exists ... Quiet voices are to be heard that such [beat the system] attitudes are more common than ought to be any Jewish financier. And recognizing that such a malady exists is the first condition for curing it." [LONGLEY, 9-1-90]

Only a few years earlier, in the 1980s too, was the case of yet another prominent Jewish American entrepreneur, Marc Rich (father's name originally Reich). "In the shadowy, secret world of commodities trading," noted John Ingham and Lynne Feldman, "Marc Rich had no peer ... Appellations for Marc Rich have included 'ruthless tycoon,' 'vengeful businessman,' and 'scheming marketeer.' Often called the most corrupt man in this fraternity of free booting capitalists, Rich was also among the most secretive." [INGHAM/FELDMAN, p. 550] Rich even managed to profit off millions of barrels of oil from Iran during the Iranian hostage crisis. In 1983, he and associate, Pinky Green, fled to Switzerland to avoid a warrant out for their arrest. (Rich has deep ties to Israel and has been involved over the years in "negotiating the return of captured Israeli soldiers and Jewish dissidents. In a controversial move, President Bill Clinton pardoned Rich's crimes as he left the White House in 2001. "Several Israeli officials wrote Clinton in support of [Rich's] pardon.") [MSNBC, 2-2-2001]

Perhaps Rich had occasion in Europe to run into fellow white collar criminal Gerald Goldwell. Goldwell, notes a volume entitled Organized Crime in Europe, epitomized those involved in "extensive international fraud ... making use of several shell companies and of insolvent firms ... The leader of one of the largest such organizations was Gerald Goldwell, a well-known American fraudster, whose career of 15 years in business crime made him one of the most experienced crime entrepreneurs in his field." Based in Amsterdam, Goldwell's criminal scope included Bermuda, Dutch Antilles, the Bahamas, Canada, Luxemburg, Germany and Panama.

In 1980, in Switzerland, a Jewish immigrant from Bulgaria, Eli Pinkas, and his wife committed suicide as their swindles began collapsing down upon him. After his death, noted the Washington Post, "it was revealed that the quiet executive was, in fact, a master swindler who created an elaborate portfolio of false documents and records to steal more than $140 million from an international array of banks and industries." The Pinkas scam was noted as the "biggest private financial scandal in recent Swiss history." [BERRY, J., F., 7-20-80,p. A1]

At about the same time in Panama, in an unrelated criminal enterprise, Jewish entrepreneur Isaac Zafrani "in two years time, had become the most powerful video pirate in the world. By selling fraudulent copies of first-run films, Zafrani, more than any other single operation world-wide, posed the greatest threat to legitimate video and theatrical interests." By 1984, his profits in the bootleg business were about $20 million. In fact, the whole Jewish state of Israel is an Isaac Zafrani. As Israel's Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies noted in March 2000:

"Israel is known the world over for intellectual properties rights piracy. Indeed, it is likely that Israel will soon be downgraded from the second worst rating of violating countries to the worst by the International Property Alliance (IIPA), the international organization fighting software and intellectual property crimes of piracy." [INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED STRATEGIC..., 2000]

"In 1998," notes the Israeli newspaper Haaretz, "an American delegation visited Israel to investigate the issue and found Israel to be 'an international center for pirate distribution' -- estimating that the extent of the forgery industry reached tens, maybe hundreds, of millions of dollars. The U. S. delegation threatened to impose sanctions against Israel by increasing duty tax for Israeli imports to the United States. The delegation also noted that the Israeli forgery industry has grown in recent years because of the infiltration of organized crime."

The 1980s also highlighted young Jewish swindler Barry Minkow of Reseda, California, whose misdeeds entitled his story to be immortalized in an entire volume, subtitled The Kid Who Swindled Wall Street. Minkow was sentenced to prison. "Barry," notes Daniel Akst, "succeeded in creating not a corporation, but the hologram of one." His ZZZZ Best firm, founded on carpet-cleaning, eventually was worth $200 million. As a result of Minkow's scams, "widows and orphans lost their money. Hard working folks lost their jobs, or had their careers ruined, their lives stained, their hopes turned to ash." The author who recounts Minkow's business career calls him a psychopath, "someone who can act without regard to conscience, victimizing people again and again without remorse." [AKST, D., p. 5, 6, 270] Minkow associates included Maurice Rind, "a stock swindler before financial fraud was fashionable."

In a 1994 case, Martin Wolfe of Baton Raton, Florida, was the "principal figure" in a nationwide investment scam involving pizza vending machines, defrauding some investors of their life savings for nonexistent machines. "You have to plant the seed," Wolfe once told a business audience, "so the seed grows into an oak, and the oak grows into greed, which takes over the whole body. Greed is good." [IWANOWSKI, J., 3-20-94, p. E1] In 1996 investors in California's Pioneer Mortgage firm lost $250 million. As the San Diego Union Tribune observed, "Many got in because Pioneer's Chief Executive -- Gary Naiman -- was very active in his synagogue and activities related to Israel."

In Arizona, in 1997, Ben Friedman "pleaded guilty to 3 of 73 felony charges of securities and tax frauds ... [He] bilked his investors out of more than $2.5 million and the state of Arizona out of more than $5 million in unpaid taxes." After a five year investigation into Friedman's wheelings and dealings, the Arizona State Department of Revenue concluded that "This is the largest tax prosecution involving personal income taxes the department has ever undertaken. All the Arizona personal income tax cases prosecuted to date would not equal what Mr. Friedman evaded." [SILVERMAN, A., 5-14-98]

In 2002, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) "accused [Reed] Slatkin [a Jew who became a Scientologist] of running a Ponzi scheme shortly after her filed for bankruptcy in May 2001. (A Ponzi scheme is a phony investment plan in which money provided by later investors is used to pay artificially high returns to the initial investors, with the goal of attracting as many investors as possible). Slatkin's allged scheme is said to be one of the biggest cases of investment fraud in American history."

Beginning in 1977, the FBI launched a secret investigation into the world of white-collar crime. Known as "Abscam," the investigation eventually led to a number of bribe-taking Congressmen. The central player recruited by the FBI sting operation to penetrate the world of white-collar fraud was an expert in the field, life-long swindler Mel Weinberg, "who had worked North America and five other continents, fleecing public officials, movie stars, dictators, generals, mobsters, political terrorists, and ordinary businessmen with democratic impartiality." [GREENE, 1981, p. 2] Weinberg was set up as a representative for a fake wealthy Arabian oil sheik, Abdul, and his networking for the FBI in the white collar underworld netted people from a number of backgrounds. In the Jewish community, these included Herman Weiss, Joe Meltzer, William Rosenberg ("a picture version of the affluent swindler") [GREENE, 1981, p. 9], Ben Cohen (a Miami lawyer "who once represented the Florida gambling syndicate,") [GREENE, 1981, p. 129], Marvin Rappaport ("who was anxious to supply Abdul with sex films"), [GREENE, 1981, p. 129], and Greg Katz ("who had become a millionaire through a series of corrupt deals with New Jersey Democratic officials spanning thirty years.")

*In Argentina and other Latin American countries in the late 1970s, notes Jerome Barromi, there were "a series of financial and political scandals involving prominent Jews." Among those charged was Mexican-based "powerful financier" David Gravier; family members him were also arrested and "accused of having laundered and recycled money from the Montoneros, acquired by bank robberies and kidnapping wealthy businessmen." (At least one prominent member in the revolutionary Montoneros organization, wanted by the government, was given refuge, on the basis of his Jewish credentials, in Israel). [SACHER, H., 1985, p. 299] "With several other Jewish investors, most of them Mexican, Gravier used his family bank to purchase controlling shares of the American Bank and Trust, a major New York financial institution. He then skimmed $50 million out of ABT, precipitating its collapse and the liquidation of $180 million of its deposits." Among the depositors were generals in Argentina's military. [SACHAR, H., 1985, p. 304] In 1977, "a new scandal erupted, the bankruptcy of the Jewish-owned (the Argentine Madanes family) aluminum factory, ALUAR." [BARROMI, p. 31] "Then came the [Jose Ber] Gelbar scandal," notes Jewish scholar Howard Sachar, "involving the first Jew to serve in a Peruvian cabinet. "Accused of graft in accumulating the fortune required for purchasing his vast investment [in ALUAR]," he fled to the United States.

In 2001, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency covered a panel discussion about the Jewish situation in Argentina, noting: -

"According to Argentine Jewish expatriates in the audience, the Jewish leadership in the country is entrenched, incompetent and corrupt. They also claimed that the two Jewish-run banks were linked closely to a corrupt government and played fast and loose with the community's money. When the banks failed, some $26 million in communal assets were lost overnight. 'My brother can get over losing his money, but he cannot get over the fact that Jews betrayed other Jews, [Rabbi Alfredo] Borodowski said."

In Australia, noted the 1994 American Jewish Yearbook, there were arrest warrants out for "Abe Goldberg and a business associate, Katy Rochelle Boskowitz ... over the multimillion dollar collapse in 1990 of the Linter textile and investment group and alleged fraudulent borrowing and misconduct. Boskowitz was arrested, but Goldberg remained in his native Poland ... which has no extradition treaty with Poland. Robyn Greenberg, convicted of fraud following the demise of a women's investment and finance group in western Australia, was sentenced to 17 years in prison. Some saw the harsh sentence as inspired by anti-Semitism Others by sexism."

In the wake of the much-publicized Wall Street scandals, in 1987 the New York Jewish Week devoted a seven page "special report" entitled "Are We Facing a Crisis in Jewish Ethics?" to the theme of recurrent Jewish corruption. The newspaper noted that -

"Four years ago, Jewish bankers in the Jewish state conspired in what has become known as Israel's bank shares scandal. Of the four banks, one was owned by Histradut [Israel's labor federation], one by the Jewish Agency, and one by Mizrachi. Last year, a New York yeshiva that was the seat for a grand rabbi was involved in a money-laundering scheme for area businesses. Some of them were reported to be illegal.

Two officials of the school were indicted and convicted. This year a prominent Wall Street figure and a lay leader of the New York Jewish community pleaded guilty to insider trading violations on what is said to be a massive scale. Several others have since been indicted -- and most so far are Jewish. And then there are the various corruption scandals currently plaguing New York: public officials betraying the public trust by lining their own pockets -- and almost all of them Jewish." [JEWISH WEEK, 5-15-87, p. 25]

Jewish names swirling in New York City scandals in the late 1980s included Alex Liberman, Stanley Friedman, Marvin Kaplan, Michael Lazar, Lester Shafran, Shelley Chevlowe, Victor Botnick, Jay Turoff, Melvin Lebetkin, Geoffrey Lindenauer, Charles Berg, Bernard Sandow (head of New York's Parking Violations Bureau) and Donald Manes (Queens Borough president), among others. [NEWFIELD/BARRETT, 1988; THE RECORD, 3-18-88, p. C22] Friedman (head of the Bronx Democratic Party), Lazar (City Transportation Administrator) and Shafran (Director of the City Parking Bureau) were convicted of racketeering (involving bribes, kickbacks, et al). Kaplan, who had a $22 million contract with New York City's parking bureau, was convicted of perjury.

In 1998, the tide had not abated: the lament in the Canadian Jewish News was still the same: "In recent years a wave of financial scandals have shaken the Jewish community. How to conduct one's business ethnically is emerging as a central concern among rabbis and responsible community leaders." [CAN JEW NEWS, Business Ethics] In 1999, the same Jewish newspaper followed up with another article about this insistent subject, saying:

"Unfortunately, all too often (once is too often) we hear about ritually observant Jews involved in white collar crimes: tax evasion, money laundering, embezzlement and fraud. Perhaps even worse is the attitude that one so often hears in casual conversation: 'I am only an employee, so I can't write off personal expenses,' or 'Of course I pay my contractor in cash,' thereby helping him evade his tax responsibility and thus stealing from the honest taxpayer ... For some, the phenomenon is culturally based ... [The Jews use the past historical discriminations against them as their resort to cheating. This attitude was then carried over to our democracies ... It does not require a very close examination of our general business practices to realize that a serious problem exists...

In 2001, 51 people were indicted for fraud worth millions of dollars in a rigging of McDonald's promotional games. "The scheme [involved] friends and close-knit family members, including a husband and wife." Jerome P. Jacobson, the scam ringleader and director of security for Simon Marketing Inc. (the firm contracted by McDonald's to run its promotional games: i.e., Monopoly and Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?), "embezzled more than $20 million worth of winning McDonald's game pieces from his employer." Names of those indicted are hard to come by, but those listed with Jacobson by the Miami Herald were Bernard Weintraub and Adam Zucker. (Un-indicted CEO of McDonalds? Jewish Jack Greenberg). Attorney General John Ashcroft announced that "the complaint alleges that Jacobson provided the winning game pieces to his friends and associates who acted as recruiters. These recruiters then solicited others who falsely and fraudulently represented that they were the legitmiate winners of the McDonald's games." [MIAMI HERALD, 12-9-01] [CNN, 8-22-01]

In the Jewish homeland, in 1994, Agence France Presse noted that "investigations, scandals, and trials involving securities dealers and the country's biggest banks have shaken Israel's financial markets as they've never been shaken before." [SCHATTNER] This included the arrests of Vladimir Saar and Arie Shafir for securities crimes, as well as the jailing of Amos Weiss, "one of Israel's leading securities dealers." [SCHATTNER] In 2001, the Isaeli newspaper Haaretz noted that three years later, in 1997, not much had changed in the name of "Jewish ethics" in the Jewish homeland. The Cleveland Jewish News began an article by stating that "Israel seems to be going through a golden age of corruption and criminality," and then listed those in the so-called "Bar-On affair," including Knesset member Arye Deri's trial for accepting bribes; building contractor David Appel's "cheating poor immigrants out of hundreds of thousands of dollars in government compensation"; the investigation into the Prime Minister's chief aide Avigdor Lieberman's falsification of documents; Dror Hoter Isha'i, head of the Israel Bar Association, and his trial for income tax evasion; and an investigation of Jerusalem mayor Ehud Olmert for falsification of election campaign documents. "But that's just in the Bar-On affair," notes the News, "the Israeli government is chockfull of other senior figures who have been accused of corruption and/or malfeasance." [DERFNER, Corruption, p. 8] These include police investigations of Shas Knesset member Rafael Pinchasi, Internal Security Minister Avigdor Kahalani, former Justice Minister Ya'acov Ne'eman, former Shas Knesset member Yair Levy, Labor Knesset member Binyamin Ben-Eliezer, and National Religious Party member Avner Shaki. "As for the mayors who have gone on trial for corruption and other sorts of crimes," notes the News, "the list is far too long to mention."

In 1994 the chairman of the Jewish Agency, Simcha Dinitz, had earlier joined the crowd when he was charged with fraudulent use of agency credit cards and other indiscretions, [HOFFMAN, D, p. A12] and in 1996 the Jewish National Fund weathered "a scandal over alleged financial mismanagement." [FORWARD, 3-21-97, p. 4] In 1997, an Israeli millionaire, Nahum Manbar, was convicted of treason for selling material to Iran that has value in the manufacture of poison gas. A member of Manbar's legal defense team was even found to have had simultaneous affairs with the judge on the case, the Israeli prime minister's media advisor, and a Shin Bet secret police officer. [BORGER, p. 16] That same year, Dudu Topaz, a major Israeli television personality, was exposed for the fraudulent system of his game show.

In 1999, Ofer Nimrodi, chairman of one of the largest newspapers in Israel, Ma'ariv, went to prison for four months "for electronically eavesdropping on his two competitors as well as on other media figures." A former employee, Rafi Pridan, was also reported "to have tapes of his old boss planning to murder the publishers of two rival newspapers, plus a private eye who once help put Nimrodi -- and Pridan -- in jail for wiretapping."

Recent Israeli military-related scandals include a controversial over an early release date from jail for an air force general, Rami Dotan, who was imprisoned for embezzling $12 million, and Yehuda Gil, a senior Mossad [Israeli CIA] official, who was finally caught inventing -- continually for ten years -- information from an entirely fabricated spy in Syria. Enjoying the status of being a spy legend in Israel, Gil's total fictions nearly brought Israel to war with its Arab neighbor.

In 1999, the Associated Press reported that "several former officials of Israel's biggest bus company are suspected of accepting millions of dollars in bribes" [AP, Israel's] and in another story that "Israeli police have recommended that outgoing Justice Minister Tsahi Hanegbi be charged with corruption." [AP, Police] That same year too, "Israeli police arrested a local official of the ultra-Orthodox Shas party [Yehuda Kehati] -- a key ally of Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu -- Saturday over allegations of fraud in connection with Monday's elections for parliament and prime ministership ... Fraud allegations are nothing new in Israeli politics." [AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, Ultra] A little while later came losing Prime Minister Netanyahu's turn: "Two months after bowing out of public life, Benyamin Netanyahu was back in the spotlight at the center of a police probe by the national fraud squad. Israel's former first couple are suspected of corruption, abuse of trust, attempting to suborn witnesses, and hindering the investigation, which centers on 100,000 dollars of renovations and other work at two Jerusalem homes." In 2001, the Washington Post noted that, with 1994 changes in Israeli election laws, "as a result many Israeli politicians resorted to a wide range of illegal and semi-legal ways to raise money, including setting up nonprofit organizations, whose records are shielded from public inquiry." [DOBBS, M., 2-21-01] That same year, after a building collapsed in Jerusalem killing 23 people, the Israeli newspaper Haaretz noted that -

"Construction regulation in Jerusalem has been under a cloud since November 1999, when a huge corruption scandal exploded under the city's construction regulation department. After a six month undercover operation, Jerusalem police uncovered a ring of municipality officials who systematically accepted hundreds of thousands of shekels in bribes from architects and contractors." [AVRAHAMI, I., 5-27-01]

In 1999, in examining Israeli Likud Party fundraising, the Jewish Week noted that "almost $300,000 appears to have vanished somewhere between the United States and its Israeli charitable destination. And at least under $160,000 -- donated by right-wing philanthropist Dr. Irving Moskowitz to a fund-raiser linked to Likud -- was never reported to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, as required by law." In 2001, "[Israeli] Histradut Teachers Union head Avraham Ben-Shabbat and his deputy Uri Groman, were placed under 14 days' house arrest by Tel Aviv District Court ... after both admitted to fraudulently obtaining academic degrees, then using them to receive higher pay."

And let us not forget the swindles befalling some of the immigrants to Israel from the former Soviet Union. In 1996, a class action suit was filed against Va'ad (the Ukrainian Jewish immigration umbrella organization), an immigration activist named Yosef Zisels, the Jewish Agency, and the Liason Bureau of the Israeli government. "According to the charges," notes the Jerusalem Post, "the immigrants gave money from their savings and the sale of their property to Zisels to transfer to Israel at the advice of emissaries working for the agency and bureau. However, they claim they were not paid the sums half a year later, as had been stipulated in the contract with the Va'ad." [TSUR, p. 6] Then came the 1999 investigations of "lawyers who reportedly cheated thousands of elderly Israelis out of more than half a billion dollars by offering to help them obtain German pensions. [i.e., Holocaust-era reparations]"

In November of 1999 the Montreal Gazette noted that "It was scandal, and lots of it, that truly occupies the country's [Israel's] attention. There was a scandal of lust, scandal of greed, scandal of corruption. There was a scandal involving the national soccer team for losing a key match following pre-game visits to a house of ill repute. There was a scandal involving former prime minister Benyamin Netanyahu and his wife, Sarah, accused of accepting bribes and stealing valuable state gifts. And there was yeshiva scandal aplenty. So much muck was being raked that the newspaper Yediot Ahronot even ran a full-page scandal guide on Friday, with boxes for every major affair, its suspects, its allegations and the status of its investigation."

In 2000, nothing had changed. The Jewish Week headlined an article "Israel Sinking in Scandal Swamp: 'Light Unto Nations' Seen Losing Moral Bearing Amid Corruption, Fraud Probes." New scandals included those surrounding Israel's president, Ezer Weizman, who had taken hundreds of thousands of dollars in a secret fund from French Jewish millionaire Edouard Sarousi, and Prime Minister Ehud Barak "who was questioned by state Comptroller Eliezer Goldberg last week about allegations that fictitious associations illegally pumped foreign contributions into his 1999 election campaign."

In 2002, Israeli MK (Member of Knesset/Parliament) Michael Kleiner complained that "World Jewish organizations are set to 'rake into their coffers' some $1 billion in unclaimed funds allocated by Swiss banks to compensate for assets from dormant Holocaust-era accounts ... Kleiner accused the [Israeli] government, along with Jewish organizations, of compliance in allowing the Swiss to avoid publishing the lists of bank account and insurance policyholders. The Jewish organizations have a conflict of interests, he said, since they cut a deal under which all unclaimed monies would go to them."

Scandals in Israel are an old theme. Looking back to the 1970s, notes Richard Rubenstein, "there was a serious loss of public confidence in the Labor government [the then-empowered political party] as a result of revelations of economic corruption and greed among some government leaders, heads of state-owned banks, corporations, and the Histradut labor federation." [RUBENSTEIN, R., p. 229] And as World Zionist Organization president Nahum Goldmann noted about Israel's first prime minister, David Ben Gurion: -

"A promise to him was quite worthless. He did not hesitate to promise one thing and do the opposite. He was absolutely unscrupulous. He never pursued any objective other than realizing the Zionist ideal and satiating his immense ambition." [GOLDMANN, N., 1978, p. 94]

In 2001, a London Guardian reporter noted with outrage that Israel has blatantly "cheated and lied and abused the trust" it had in trade agreements with European nations. "No sooner had the ink dried on [Israeli minister] Shimon Peres's signature [to a Euro-Israeli trade pact]," notes Brian Whitaker, -

"than Israel began to cheat. To imagine that this was due to a few bent officials in the customs department would be a mistake: cheating was built into the system and it was carried out with the blessing of the Israeli government ... In 1997, as a result of complaints, the European commission sent a delegation to Israel to find out why Brazilian orange juice arriving in Europe had been certified as Israeli in order to qualify for preferential rates. The problem, the delegation concluded, went way beyond orange juice: Israeli customs officials simply could not be trusted. The problem was so serious, their report said, that 'the validity of ALL preferential certificates issued by Israel, for all products,' was in doubt."

An Israeli journalist noted the moral tenor of its citizens in 2001, a world view intrinsic to Jewish identity throughout the history of the Jewish Diaspora and its traditional circumvention of surrounding Gentile law: -

"The Israeli temperament does not accept rules of behavior and rejects natural obedience to the law. The average Israeli is afraid to feel like a sucker, so scorns the rules and regulations and regards the law as an area of ever-expandable space in which to maneuver, outwit, bypass, and bribe, if necessary, in order to achieve more."

This theme was repeated again a week later by a Jewish ethnic magazine, The Forward, which wondered if Israel's national "personality trait" of subversion of civil law had roots in Jewish ethics in earlier times in other countries: -

"[There is] universal awareness that something is definitely rotten in the state of Israel. This is, after all, a country in which bending the rules is said to be a national past time, cutting corners a way of life and cheating the authorities the proof of merit ... Sticklers for the law are ridiculed and abused, where anyone who works by the book is branded a sap, a 'freier,' the worst insult in modern Israeli lexicon ... Many people believe Israeli laxity, which borders on anarchy, is a national personality trait that cannot be eradicated by laws alone. Some trace the trait all the way back to the historical Jewish Diaspora, where Jews often found solace in bending the rules imposed by the often anti-Semitic authorities."

The same year, Michael Finkel had this to say, about another criminal subject, in the New York Times: -

"Moshe lives in Israel, which happens to be one of the more active nations in the international organ-trafficking market. The market, which is completely illegal, is so complex and well organized that a single transaction often crosses three continents ... Yet in Israel and a handful of other nations, including India, Turkey, China, Russia and Iraq, organ sales are conducted with only a scant nod toward secrecy. In Israel, there is even tacit government acceptance of the practice -- their national health-insurance program covers part, and sometimes all, of the cost of brokered transplants. Insurance companies are happy to pay, since the cost of kidney surgery, even in the relatively short run, is less than the cost of dialysis. According to the coordinator of kidney transplantation at Hadassah University Hospital in Jerusalem, 60 of the 244 patients currently receiving post-transplant care purchased their new kidney from a stranger -- just short of 25 percent of the patients at one of Israel's largest medical centers participating in the organ business.

Relatively few transplant operations, illegal or legal, take place in Israel. Every proposed kidney transplant in the country between two unrelated people is carefully screened for evidence of impropriety by a national committee. Therefore, almost all of these illegal surgeries are performed elsewhere, in nations where the laws are easier to duck, including the United States. Israel also does not contribute much to the supply side of the equation. Organ donation is extremely low; an estimated 3 percent of Israelis have signed donor cards .... Paying for an organ has become so routine in Israel that there have been instances in which a patient has elected not to accept the offer of a kidney donation from a well-matched relative. 'Why risk harm to a family member?' one patient told me. Instead, these patients have decided that purchasing a kidney from someone they've never met -- in almost all cases someone who is impoverished and living in a foreign land, and not Jewish -- is a far more palatable option ... A few Americans do go abroad for transplants. A man named Jim Cohan, who lives in Los Angeles, helps organize such trips ... Cohan's price for a kidney, he says, is $125,000 ... Only a small portion of the money actually goes to the person selling the organ -- as little as $800 ... [There is a physician] who has repeatedly been accused by the Israeli media, including one of the nation's leading daily papers, Haaretz, of participating in hundreds of overseas transplants, many of them in Turkey. The [Israeli] surgeon's name is Zaki Shapira."

In 2001, an Israeli newspaper, Ha'aretz, announced that "Romanian authorities are looking into the possible links between Israeli adoption agencies and an illegal global conspiracy to sell organs for transplants. The Romanian embassy in Israel has asked for, and received from the Labor and Social Affairs Ministry, a list of all children born in Romania who have been brought to Israel for adoption in recent years. The Romanian officials are trying to ascertain if all such children arrived in Israel with all their organs in their bodies."

In the midst of the growing 1980s Wall Street scandal, the American Jewish Committee held a panel discussion on Jewish ethics at a conference luncheon. The Palm Beach Jewish Journal quoted Rabbi David Gordis as worrying that with all the negative publicity some might see Jews in America broadly "as exploiters of the economy, parasites, profiteers." Judith Ehrlich and Barry Rehfeld note that "[Pointing] to the dangers to Jews from the prominence of Jewish names in current scandals and the imagery that emerged from the visibility, Rabbi Gordis urged that 'as a people we must look more deeply into the recesses of our traditions, our experiences, our values." [EHRLICH, p. 345]

The "crisis in Jewish ethics" in America, epitomized in the Wall Street scandals, was of course nothing new to the 1980s. Well-publicized scandals involving prominent and powerful Jews surface fairly regularly. Gerald Krefetz, for instance, noted a particularly nasty Jewish-based scandal in the 1970s: -

Abused, neglected and swindled Nursing Home residents by Jewish owners and staff.

"Bathed in the merciless lights of Congressional hearings, the witnesses exposed to a national audience the morbid, pathetic, and sordid conditions of senior citizens in nursing and old-age homes. It was as if they had found that a Jew was in charge of a concentration camp. The whole proceedings were a shanda (shame) of the first order, [with] illegal practices of a rabbi and other prominent Jews on a captive population unable to protect itself ... [Rabbi Bernard] Bergman was more than a symbolic figure of evil in the nursing home industry -- he was the industry ... [KREFETZ, p. 128] ... It became clear that Bergman had almost oligopolic powers, with interests in close to a hundred different homes across the nation. It also became clear that perhaps more than any other industry or service area, Jews dominated the field, that many of the operators were Jewish, including Bergman, Eugene Hollander, and Albert Schwartzberg ... Insensitivity, greed, and human degradation were the hallmark of a majority of the private facilities. And that the chief perpetrator of this terminal inhumanity should be an orthodox rabbi and a prominent Zionist was a mind-boggling reversal of values. One illustration is perhaps typical of Bergman's operations, his persistence, his political connections, and his unabashed use of his 'Jewishness' that he paraded as if he were its victim. The hypocritical Bergman was using the lethal and explosive charge of anti-Semitism as a foil for his commercial maneuvers."

Bergman was prominent a number of Jewish Orthodox institutions. "Reputed to be worth $100 million," notes Alan Dershowitz, "he had held the presidency of numerous Jewish philanthropic, religious, and educational institutions." [DERSHOWITZ, 1987, p. 126] He was "one of the richest and most powerful orthodox Jews in the world," notes Robert Friedman, "with close ties to Israel's National Religious Party. He made a fortune from a national conglomerate of Medicaid nursing homes, where infirm patients were left unattended to soak in their own urine ... No doubt Bergman learned his business ethics from his parents who were not only bootleggers, but also were convicted in 1941 of smuggling eight kilos of heroin from France in the bindings of Hebrew prayer books." [FRIEDMAN, False, p. 17] "In my lifetime in this city," declared another Jewish critic in the Village Voice, "I have never encountered anyone as rotten as Bernard Bergman." Within three months, 62 articles about Bergman were published in the New York Times alone.

Sensationally, the judge in the Bergman case, Marvin Frankel, sentenced the rabbi to a term of only four months, a decision that elicited outrage from all corners. A Jewish Congressman, notes Alan Dershowitz, "warned that 'there will be anti-Semitism flowing from the fact' that the judge and defendant were both Jewish." Special State Nursing Home Prosecutor Charles Hynes declared the punishment "insubstantial" and that it was "special justice for the privileged." A second judge, Aloysius Melia, reviewed the case and added a year to Bergman's sentence.

In 1993, when prominent non-Jewish American lawyer Michael Tygar took up the U.S. citizenship case of John Demjanjuk -- after his new client had been exonerated in Israel of being the Nazi operative Ivan the Terrible -- a Jewish faculty member at the Hofstra Law School, Monroe Freedman, publicly rebuked Demjanjuk's new lawyer in a well-known law journal: "Is John Demjanjuk the kind of client to whom you want to dedicate your training, your knowledge, your extraordinary skills?" [MARGOLICK, p. B18] Tigar's response to Freedman's pained moral query was an emphatic yes. Demjanjuk, after all, had never been proven to be guilty of any crime, and he had been cleared of the charge of being Ivan the Terrible. And Monroe Freedman? Freedman had been one of the lawyers for the aforementioned Rabbi Bergman who was found guilty of particularly heinous crimes against the helpless elderly, a client who was widely known as "the meanest man in New York."

Other scandals in the 1970s included that which caused non-Jewish actor Cliff Robertson to be blacklisted for four years [MCCLINTICK, p. 518] by the largely Jewish Hollywood crowd [see forthcoming media section] for reporting a forgery by the president of Columbia Pictures, David Begelman. The investigation of Begelman ultimately led to an embezzlement scandal and press investigations into the whole unethical base of the film business itself. Robertson attracted animosity also because of his public demands for further police investigation into something that he believed to be merely the tip of an iceberg, especially after Begelman was tentatively removed from his post at Columbia, but reinstated. "The entire entertainment community had been shaken [by the scandal]," noted David McClintick in 1982, "Four of the seven major studios -- Columbia, Fox, MGM, and United Artists -- had changed drastically." [MCCLINTICK, p. 518] As the scandal attracted increased media attention, the Los Angeles Herald Examiner's entertainment columnist noted the essence of the situation: "The Washington Post apparently is incensed because the Hollywood trade press never used the word 'embezzlement' [in referring to the Begelman scandal]. There's a reason for that. Embezzlement is not a sin in Hollywood. It's a way of life." [MCCLINTICK, p. 354] (Begelman had once been an agent for Judy Garland who believed that he had stolen $200,000 from her). [SHIPMAN, 1993, p. 448]

In 1977, Jewish author Michael Hellerman had his autobiography published. It was entitled "Wall Street Swindler." Criminal associates noted that he was "the master [swindler] of them all" and "when it comes to the big swindle, Hellerman is a genius. He makes us all look like pikers." Hellerman grew up "in the bosom of a deeply religious affluent family in the heart of suburban Long Island" but was "driven by an almost insatiable desire for riches and luxury." [HELLERMAN/RENNER, 1977, p. ix] "As a thief," says Thomas Renner, -

"Hellerman was the very personification of the white-collar criminal ... Like the men of the Mafia he often dealt with and cheated, Hellerman could and did leave his victims stripped of their dignity, financially destitute, and psychologically traumatized." [HELLERMAN/RENNER, 1977,p. ix]

In the political realm, in 1977 the Jewish governor of Maryland, Marvin Mandel, and four others were "convicted of conspiracy to have the Governor influence race track legislation in return for $380,000 in bribes." [AYRES, B.D., p. A1] Mandel served 19 months of a four year prison sentence. One of those convicted with him, Irwin Kovens, "was a major sponsor of Mr. Mandel's political career. He helped raise millions of dollars for Mr. Mandel's campaign for governor in 1970 and 1974." [NYT, 11-2-89, p. B21] [BALTIMORE JEWISH TIMES, 1-23-98, p. 8]

Shortly thereafter, in 1982, another Maryland Jewish politician was sentenced to prison. Baltimore City Council President Walter Orlinsky pleaded guilty to "one count of extortion ... [He also] conceded that the Government could prove other charges against him." [NYT, 9-23-82, p. A24] [BALTMORE JEWISH TIMES, 1-23-98, p. 8] He was originally indicted on 12 counts of extortion and mail fraud.

In 1999, Donald Warshaw, also Jewish, and Miami's powerful city manager, was fired after nearly two years in the position. He faced a "federal indictment charging he misspent public pension and charity funds on luxurious items." He was accused of "spending $86,563 in pension and charity funds on trips, designer clothes, $21,276 in hockey tickets and other things from 1993 to 1995 while serving as police commissioner ... Warshaw's friend, accountant Ronald Stern, as named as an un-indicted co-conspirator. He killed himself in July 1999 after allegations surfaced that he embezzled $500,000 from the pension fund while serving as its auditor and investment adviser. He was also the charity's accountant." In 1993, Dade County Commissioner (Miami, Florida) Joe Gersten, also Jewish, was accused of smoking cocaine with a prostitute in a Miami drug den and subsequently fled to Australia.

In 1995, Joe Waldholtz, the Jewish husband of non-Jewish Utah Congressman Enid Greene was exposed in a scandal that sent him to prison for 21 months and effectively destroyed his wife's political career. Waldholtz, noted Salt Lake City's Deseret News, "lied and bullied his way to notoriety ... during a scandal that involved Waldholtz's ex-wife, then Congresswoman Enid Greene, check kiting, illegal money transfers, federal election law violations, drug abuse and bizarre behavior ... [He was] convicted of embezzling nearly $4 million from his former father-in-law and illegally funneling most of it into Greene's 1994 election campaign [which she won]." [DILLON, L., 5-29-99, p. A1] Greene, pleading complete innocence, divorced him soon after the scandal.

In Florida, in 1999, State Senator Al Gutman was sentenced to two years in prison for "conspiracy in a Medicare fraud case." Gutman and his wife Marci "secretly owned companies that billed Medicare for health care services that were not performed." He "collected at least $2 million from fraudulent billings while he served in the Legislature." In 2000, Paul Adler, a "key" Hillary Clinton political adviser (particularly to the Jewish community) and head of the Democratic Party in New York's Rockland County, was arrested on charges of "public corruption, fraud, extortion, and other charges linked to his real estate transactions." In 2002, Edward Mezvinsky, a former (Jewish) Congressman from Iowa, "was indicted on 66 counts of fraud and related charges for allegely bilking more than $10 million." Those signing letters trying to get him off easy were Edward Shils (a University of Pennsylvania professor, Jonathan Yarowsky, a former genral counsel to the U.S. House Judiciary Committee, and Rabbi Gerald Wolpe.

In the 1960s, a former Jewish socialist activist turned rich playboy, Bernie Cornfeld, was probably that decade's best known financial swindler, defrauding 250,000 investors in his Investors Overseas Service (IOS) mutual funds company. [NYT, 3-1-95, p. A10] With a million customers in 26 countries around the world, and employing 20,000 employees, Cornfeld, amassing a personal fortune of over $100 million. He promised millions to Israeli causes and started a mutual fund system at the Tel Aviv stock exchange. "Stories of shady dealings, mismanagement, plain stupidity, what some lawyers were calling outright fraud, were filling the financial pages of newspapers and magazines all over the world," noted one of his former associates, Bert Cantor. [CANTOR, p. 8] Cantor also had this to say about who ran the corrupt IOS business: -

"A minor IOS executive in evaluating the company's personnel practices remarked that status in the [company's] hierarchy could be measured in four categories: 1) Nice Jewish boys from Brooklyn who belonged to Bernie's Boy Scout troop, 2) Nice Jewish boys from Brooklyn, 3) Nice Jewish boys, 4) Everyone else. "In 1975 Cornfeld was convicted for telephone fraud. In 1990, Forbes magazine reported that the IRS claimed Cornfeld still owed $15 million in taxes going back thirty years. [NYT, 3-1-95]

Another (extremely) noteworthy Jewish fraud of the Cornfeld era was that of Stanley Goldblum. In the 1970s he was sentenced to prison for the 'biggest corporate fraud in United States history," "one of history's greatest hoaxes." His Equity Funding Corporation of America sold $2 billion worth of fake insurance policies --64,000 of them -- to other insurers. In later years he surfaced as a criminal again, arrested in 1999 "in a scheme to operate a number of medical clinics that allegedly bilked the workers' compensation system." [NY TIMES, 3-26-75; GAW, p. C1] [DIRKS/GROSS, p. 3-4]

Also in the 1960s, Australia had a memorable Jewish scandal. Stanley Korman, notes Jewish commentator Leon Gettler, -

"shocked and angered the White Anglo-Saxon Protestant pillars of the establishment back in the 60's. Sure, Korman was a crook. They hated him and sent him to jail for fleecing his shareholders.

More recently, much-publicized Jewish crime figures include the sensationally ostentatious penny-pincher and tax evader, Leona Helmsley (Ms. Helmseley, noted the Economist, "had long been labeled one of the villains of modern America. A witness at her trial testified that she had once said 'only the little people pay taxes' and the little people remembered." [ECONOMIST, 4-25-92, p. 28] "Helmsley," noted Reuters, "was found guilty ... of writing off a wide variety of personal items as business expenses, including bras, shoes and dresses, a million dollar pool cover that doubled as a dance floor, and a $130,000 stereo system."

Another big scandal of the 1980s focused on the Hollywood "madam” trafficker of prostitutes to the stars, Heidi Fleiss, also Jewish and the daughter of a prominent doctor. "Like Begelman," noted the Los Angeles Times, "the new [Fleiss] scandal stands as a symbol of corruption in Hollywood." Fleiss, noted Entertainment Weekly, "has given two of the studio chieftains -- executive vice president Michael Nathanson and executive vice president of production Barry Josephson [both Jewish] -- leading roles in the ever-widening Hollywood sex scandal." [KENNEDY, 8-20-93] "What is obvious is that the potential scandal," said the New York Times, ".... involved heavy use of cocaine and other drugs ... One executive, Michael Nathanson, president of production at Columbia Pictures, denied on Tuesday, through his lawyer, Howard Weitzman, that he had used film-development money to procure prostitutes..." After Nathanson's denial of involvement in the ring, Ivan Nagy (Fleiss's boyfriend, also arrested for soliciting call girls) leaked a copy of her "black book" to the New York Daily News; it included Nathanson's phone number.

Fleiss was eventually sentenced to prison in 1993 for attempted pandering, tax evasion, and money laundering. She was once quoted as saying that the aforementioned Bernie Cornfeld "was the only real boyfriend in my life." [WASH POST, 3-2-95, p. B4] Fleiss' father, noted the Los Angeles Times, "a well-known Los Feliz pediatrician who recently examined the newborn daughter of pop star Madonna, was previously sentenced to three years' probation, 625 hours of community service and fined $50,000 for conspiring to hide profits from his daughter's call girl ring."

A kindred soul in professional ethics to Dr. Heiss in the late 1960s and early 1970s was Dr. Max Jacobson. Nicknamed "Dr. Feel Good," his license to practice was eventually suspended for routinely giving amphetamine injections into a large number of celebrities. [SEAMAN, p. 386-388] Jacobson and another Jewish doctor, Lee Siegel, are cited by one author as famous "drug pushers" for Hollywood studios. There were "stories," notes Dennis McDougal, "about physicians on the TV or movie set who injected stars with 'vitamins' to keep them performing ... It became clear after a while that [movie star] agents did not interfere with the addictions that were killing Allen Ladd, Montgomery Cliff, and Judy Garland." [MCDOUGAL, p. 259] Dr. Robert Feder, another Hollywood physician, "gave amphetamines, or uppers, to some of his patients if they needed to be 'on' for a particular performance or day." In the case of drug-addicted actor John Belushi, Feder fed him uppers through Belushi's agent, Bernie Brillstein [WOODWARD, 1984, p. 244-245] (Among the great medical fraudsters of the early 20th century was Albert Abrams. Arthur Cramp of the American Medical Association once said that Abrams "easily ranked as the dean of twentieth century [medical] charlatans." Abrams used a variety of invented machines, often based on the radio, that were supposed to diagnose, and even cure, disease.)

Doctor Melvyn Rosenstein is also a noteworthy surgeon. Self-described as the "world's leading authority on penile surgery," he spent $250,000 a month in advertising across the country in an effort to entice men to have surgical penis elongation. He reportedly netted $30 million in this practice between 1991 and 1995. By then, however, dozens of men (over 40 in southern California alone) had surmounted their embarrassment to come forward to sue him for malpractice, for misinformation, and for deforming their sexual organs. A California Medical Board spokesman declared that those who had come forward to sue Rosenstein were "the tip of the iceberg." In 1996 Rosenstein was forbidden to further practice his lucrative trade. [HOLDING, R., 4-24-95, p. A9; SHUIT, D., 3-5-96, p. B1] (In the women's world of cosmetic surgery, socialite Joyce Wildenstein -- one of the heirs to the opulent Jewish Wildenstein art gallery dynasty -- has become the much lambasted symbol in the New York media for those who have had face lifts too many times).

Moving along in the generic fraud department, up north, in Ontario, Canada, in 1991 Jewish lawyer Herman Melnitzer parked his Jaguar XJS coupe and "pleaded guilty to one of Canada's biggest cases of fraud." [TYLER, p. A1] He was charged with 43 cases of "forgery, fraud and attempted fraud relating to $1 billion worth of phony stock certificates he used to trick banks into giving him $43 million in lines of credit, $12.3 million which was spent."

Also in the 1990s, certainly a rival to the claim of "Canada's biggest fraud,” the Bre-X gold mining scam swept the world's imagination in what the Ottawa Citizen eventually called a "monumental swindle." It began when a small company (co-owned by David Walsh, Michael de Guzman, and John Felderhof) in Calgary, Canada, claimed to have discovered a huge new source of gold in Indonesia. Soon enough, the head (Peter Munk; also Jewish) of Canada's largest gold producer (Barrick Gold Corporation) was a player in the story. "In the heat of negotiations between [Munk's company] and Bre-X," notes the Citizen, -

"one of Munk's executives was reluctant to talk business with his boss on Yom Kippur, an important Jewish holiday when Munk would be observing the Day of Atonement. Munk dismissed his vice-president's concerns. 'This is more important to me than anything. I know it. God knows it. And there's no point in trying to fool anyone about it."

While investors clamored to join the group that promised enough gold to rival the gross national product of the nearby Philippines, nothing substantial was ever found.

Steve Gaines notes the case of Jewish mogul Barry Trupin and his Rothschild Reserve International company:

"What made Trupin really rich was his 1976 discovery of a tax loophole from which he could spin a personal fortune of $300 million, a 'money-making machine,' he called it. Trupin found that a company could earn huge tax deductions by leasing computers instead of buying them. Almost every aspect of the transaction was deductible ... Although perfectly legal, the dodge was a little cloudy. He began to proclaim himself the 'master of

corporate veil."

In 1997 Trupin "was indicted by the U. S. government as a tax cheat for the avoidance of $6.6 million in taxes." He was also "convicted in federal district court of receiving, possessing, and selling a stolen painting [by Marc Chagall]." Also, "thirty-nine investors in Trupin's various companies were suing him" and the FBI "launched an investigation into Trupin's interest in a Tustin, California, bank in which he had bought a 62 percent controlling interest and had introduced a number of loans that had to be written off as bad."

In 1997, Arnie Zaler was arrested in Arizona for fraud totaling millions of dollars, swindling as many as 60 people. Earlier, he had been so well-established in the Phoenix community that he was considered a strong Democratic candidate for Congress. The Arizona Republic notes that, when financial troubles began to hit him in 1994, "Zaler dropped out of sight. Private investigators hired by investors discovered that he had been laying low in Phoenix and Denver, and occasionally slipping out of the country to spend time in Israel. Zaler had dual citizenship in the United States and Israel. They even learned that Zaler made a large donation to a new temple outside Tel Aviv that was named after him."

In 1992, Larry Douglas, a well-known Jewish New York City political activist in Democratic mayoral and Presidential campaigns, "disappeared." The New York Times noted that a city councilman and close friend of Douglas, Robert J. Dryfoos - "was embroiled in a Federal tax-evasion scandal, and rumors flew that Mr. Douglas had his own tax problems. He took a plane to Israel and didn't come back until the cases had been dropped."

As noted above, if threatened with exposure and arrest in America, an emergency bailout for Israeli, American-Jewish, or any other international Jewish criminals throughout the world is Israel's Law of Return, in which Jews can essentially rush to Israel for sanctuary. Israeli law officially forbids the extradition of any Israeli citizen for crimes committed in another country, and any Jew on earth may acquire -- by simple birthright, and an application -- Israeli citizenship. Many American Jews do indeed hold both American and Israeli citizenships. This curious convenience garnered considerable outrage and publicity in the 1997 case of American-born Samuel Sheinbein -- the son of (technically) an Israeli citizen -- who was accused of murder. The teenager fled to Israel and sought refuge under the "law of return" for worldwide Jewry.

Sheinbein's accused crime was particularly heinous: he and another Jewish youth (old friends from the Charles E. Smith Jewish Day School) were charged with murder, including sawing off the Hispanic victim's arms and legs with a chainsaw, and attempting to burn the body. The other teenager accused in the case, Adam Needle, was arrested and jailed; he subsequently committed suicide. Sheinbein, meanwhile, had hurried off to Israel, a place he was visiting for the first time in his life.

Sheinbein's plan of escape rested on his father, Shlomo, who had immigrated to America from Israel with his family in 1950, at the age of 6. This entitled him to perpetual Israeli citizenship. He eventually became a lawyer and was so "American" that he was even employed by the Pentagon. [BALTIMORE SUN, 10-11-97, p. 23] Ironically, Shlomo's own father had been murdered in Tel Aviv in 1982. The London Guardian notes that

"He was shot in the head at close range in his office, from where he was suspected of organizing illegal money transfers between Israel and the United States. He left property valued at pounds 44 million."

The American government formally requested from Israel the extradition of Samuel Sheinbein to be tried for murder. As far the Jewish state was concerned, however, if Sheinbein's father was indeed an Israeli citizen, his son must also be considered a citizen -- no matter that he had never been to Israel -- and therefore immune from extradition to America.

In October 1997, the Israeli government formally refused the American extradition request. "He cannot be extradited," declared an Israeli Justice Ministry spokesperson, "He was an Israeli citizen when the crime was committed." [ASSOC. PRESS, p. 62] This decision elicited an extremely unusual storm of outrage and indignation within the U.S. Congress. Shortly thereafter, members of that legislative body announced that it was postponing a scheduled transfer of $180 million in U.S. aid to Israel. Newly attentive, Israel later suggested a Sheinbein trial in Israel, and eventually a further compromise: Sheinbein could be tried in America, but would serve his prison term in Israel.

In May 1998, U.S. prosecutors rejected such compromise proposals. As Agence France Presse noted:

"Justice officials in Maryland had expressed concern that Sheinbein would be released early if he served a term in Israel." [AFP, 5-3-98, ONLINE]

Meanwhile, all the bad press and economic Congressional action forced some major American Jewish agencies to take extremely unusual positions on the case, that is to say, to publicly criticize Israel. "Noting the victim was a Hispanic youth," noted the Jerusalem Post, "the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith has warned that failure [to extradite Sheinbein] will have 'consequences which transcend this case alone.'" [J.P., 10-9-97, p. 8] Even the Executive Director of the American Jewish Congress, Phil Baum, announced that "Sheinbein's connection to Israel is so patently tenuous as to verge on the fraudulent." [PR NEWSWIRE, 10-9-97, ONLINE] "Regardless of how it may be presented,” the Jerusalem Post editorialized, "a failure to expedite will be interpreted by many as Israel's willingness to shield people accused of committing heinous crimes." [J.P., 10-9-97, p. 8] "[The] extradition law is part of Israeli law, end of story," noted Stuart Schoffman in the Washington Post, "But alongside this flat formulation runs an age-old protective instinct: You don't surrender a Jew to the gentiles."

Israel eventually decided that Samuel Sheinbein was not a citizen after all, because of a small technicality: Israel's Law of Return was suddenly noted to have been created two years after Sheinbein's father left Israel, and therefore not applicable to him and his son. Nonetheless, by a 3-2 vote, in February 1999 the Israeli Supreme Court ruled finally that Sheinbein could claim Israeli citizenship and could not be extradited. "I am disappointed in Israel," said the Maryland lawyer, Douglas Ganser (who is also Jewish), set to prosecute the case in America, "because the [Israeli] ruling didn't make sense. It's not even a close call. It looks bad for the Jewish people."

At the same time as the Sheinbein fiasco, the United States government was also trying to extradite Chaim Berger from Israel to stand trial in America too. While the Jewish state was deciding what to do with this case, in May 1999, "despite objections by United States law-enforcement officials, an Israeli court ... approved an unusual $3 million bail agreement" for this founder of a Hasidic community in New York. Under the "personal bond" of two Israeli rabbis and the governments housing minister, Berger was allowed complete freedom from jail in mornings and evenings. "U.S. officials warned Israel against freeing Berger, contending that he fled New York 18 months ago knowing he would be indicted for his part in stealing $20 million in federal and state education and housing grants and subsidies. Four other co-defendants were also indicted in the U.S. -- two of them were yet in hiding. A rabbi in Berger's community complained that "the [Hasidic] community's sense is the government's pound of flesh has been exacted and there's no need to drag a 73-year old Holocaust survivor into this."

In the 1980s, France had its own major run-in with Israel's shielding of international Jewish criminals when Israel's Ministry of Justice delayed for years the extradition of a French Jew, William Nakash. Nakash had been convicted there for murder. "French officials," noted Reuters, "insist that [Nakash was involved in] a gangland killing between rival pimps." [TAYLOR, ONLINE] The Jewish Week noted the mood in Israel, however, about France's extradition request:

"Nakash, who claims to be newly Orthodox, has been passionately defended by Orthodox Jews and right-wing nationalists. They have depicted him a hero who killed an Arab in self-defense, a 'nationalistic' act forced upon him by unbearable harassment by Jew-hating Arabs, abetted by a climate of rampant anti-Semitism in the French town of Besancon."

A former Deputy Mayor of Besancon, a Jewish lawyer named Jacques Lorach, responded by saying that "Never in my life, and certainly not in my political career, have I heard or been told an anti-Semitic remark." The town even has "one of the largest and most impressive memorials to the Holocaust outside Yad Vashem in Jerusalem and it was financed exclusively by the city and regional authorities."

Nakash was finally only considered eligible for extradition when he proved to be a criminal problem in his new home. As the Chicago Tribune noted,

"In 1985, Nakash, by then an Israeli citizen, was arrested near Jerusalem for plotting to rob a senior Christian prelate of 60 bars of gold and $2 million in cash. When Israeli police realized Nakash was the same man sentenced for the Besancon murder, two courts, including Israel's Supreme Court, ruled that he was extraditable to France ... [But] mindful of the political damage [in Israel] that Nakash's extradition could cause, Justice Minister Avraham Sharir, an astute Likud politician, ignored the pinion of the Courts and last week barred Nakash's extradition."

In 2000, 124 people from the Paris Sentier district were put on trial, accused of embezzling $77 million from French banks. "The Sentier area of Paris [is the] center of the Jewish-run garment industry." - "The Sentier garment district in Paris .. is majority-owned by French Jews." [AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, 7-16-99] The Sentier district "is renowned as the center for the rag-trade and a base for petty criminals." [GRAHAM, R., 2-20-01] "Thirteen of the accused, Israeli nationals or holders of dual Franco-Israeli nationality," noted the Jerusalem Post, "have fled to Israel." Struggling to get the Jewish state to extradite the accused criminals for trial, French prosecutor Francois Franchi complaned that "Israel has put itself beyond the pale of the international community. Its banking system encourages actions which explain what happened in this case."

"Investigators [into the Sentier affair]," noted Agence France Presse, "also uncovered money laundering networks with Austria, Belgium, and Israel ... most of the defendants are accused of being part of a criminal network." [AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, 2-20-01] And the implications of the Sentier scandal to the Jewish community at-large? "Leaders of France's 750,000-strong Jewish community," noted the Jerusalem Post, "have privately fretted for months about possible effects on public opinion of the trial, which opened in a courtroom built specially to accommodate the mass of defendants and lawyers."

Meanwhile, France was also trying to extradite Arkadi Gaydamak (Gaidamek), "a billionaire industrialist," from Israel for trial on charges of illegal arms trading. Gaydamak has Israeli, Canadian, French, and Angola passports. Newspaper reports noted that this mogul "had close ties with Danny Yatom, the security adviser to caretaker Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak." Gaydamak "called attacks on his character as 'aimed at a Jew and a Russian who succeeded in business.'" [AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, 12-29-00]

Also in France, in 2002 "three of Israel's five leading banks [were] under investigation by French authorities as part of a larger, ongoing probe of a money-laundering network between France and Israel. The network used Jewish charitable institutions and cultural institutions based in France to process illegally-acquired money ... In November French officals said there were some 80 suspects in the case, including six rabbis. Six people are reportedly already in jail." [BERGER/STUB, 12-30-01]

Elsewhere, in 1993 Poland requested the extradition of two Polish Jews, Boguslaw Bagsik and Andrzej Gasiorowski, owners of the Art-B Trading Company (which owned 200 other companies), who had fled to Israel in 1991. They were accused, noted Reuters, "of stealing ... $310 million in the country's biggest financial scandal." [REUTERS, 5-20-92] Bagsik was known to have Polish, German, and Israeli citizenship. [REUTERS, 8-16-91, p. 16] Israeli authorities conceded that at least $85 million had been transferred by Bagsik to the Jewish state. An Israeli newspaper reported that Gasiorowski complained of discrimination in Poland by "people feeling anti-Semitic sentiments." [POLISH NEWS BULLETIN, 8-91, p. 1] Bagsik was captured in Switzerland the next year and faced 15 years in a Polish jail. Israel refused the extradition of Gasiorowski. [PAP NEWSWIRE, 1-31-97]

In 1994, another newsworthy Polish Jew, Solomon Morel, fled to Israel when Polish authorities sought to question him about his role in "possible postwar crimes against German civilians." [NEWSWEEK, 1-3-94, p. 6] Israel refused to return him to Poland. Likewise, in 2000, the Israeli government refused to extradite Nahman Dushanski back to Lithuania where he is wanted for taking "part in the murder of Lithuanian prisoners during Soviet occupation in 1941." Lithuania also requested the extradition of Simion Borkov from Israel on similar charges.

In 1992, yet another Jewish predator of the embryonic Polish capitalist state, David Bogatin, made international news for his corrupt bank (with 14 offices) in Poland. "Last month," noted the Montreal Gazette,
"a muckraking journalist discovered Bogatin's First Commercial Bank was founded on fraud. Bogatin was unmasked as a con man -- alleged to have connections with United States and Russian criminal syndicates who fled the United States after conviction on a tax evasion charge."

Bogatin, originally from the Soviet Union, had emigrated to the United States in 1977. Starting out as cab driver, by 1985 he was involved in shady business dealings, the Mafia, and major tax evasion. By 1987, he was arrested in Vienna for "carrying counterfeit securities." Bogatin, also noted as "one of [America's] biggest gasoline bootleggers," was eventually extradited to the United States and sentenced to prison for tax evasion. [LEGAL INTELLIGENCER, 5-15-92, p. 5]

From the Ukraine, in 1994 the Jewish acting head of the Ukrainian cabinet, Yefim Zvyagilsky, "was faced with charges of embezzlement of state property [worth $25 million]." [STETSYURA] After fleeing to Israel, the Jewish state denied the Ukrainian request for his extradition. "Ukrainian officials," noted Reuters, "say Zvyagilsky, a Jew by origin, acquired an Israeli passport during his two and a half years in Israel but he denies this ... Some top [Ukrainian] government officials, including Foreign Minister Hennady Vdovenko have suggested that Ukrainian authorities might have to think twice before appointing Jews to senior jobs in the future." [REUTERS, 2-12-97]

In April 1997 the Jewish Telegraphic Agency reported an intriguing banking story from Russia:

"The head of a large Russian bank who is also a prominent member of the country's Jewish community has been detained in Moscow on suspicion of embezzling more than $120 million ... Arkady Angelevich, who heads Moscow's Montazhspetsbank and is a member of the presidium of the Russian Jewish Congress, has been in prison since last week ... Angelevich was arrested on the way to the airport, where he was planning to leave for Israel, according to news reports." In 2001, Agence France Presse reported that -

"Spain's top criminal court on Monday turned down a request by Russian media magnate and Israeli-passport holder Vladimir Gusinsky to travel to Israel to cast his vote in elections ... [Gusinsky faces] extradition to Russia to face fraud charges." [AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, 2-5-01]

Gusinsky is the head of the Russian Jewish Congress. Within two weeks, another prominent Russian Jew made the criminal news:

"The arrest of the well-known St. Petersburg businessman and vice-president of the Russian Jewish Congress [Mikhail Mirilashvili] has caused outrage in some political circles in Israel." [ST. PETERSBURG TIMES, 2-16-01] Mirilashvili also has both Russian and Israeli citizenship.

(Another Eastern European Jewish mogul, Vadim Rabinovich, is founder and president of the All-Ukrainian Jewish Congress. He too has known "ties to Russian organized crime.") [BONNER, R., 6-12-01]

Even in war-torn Serbia, in 1994 the (Jewish) Forward noted that there were fears of an anti-Semitic backlash when Jews locally masterminded -

"a billion dollar embezzlement racket. The scandal, a classic pyramid scheme, involved two banks, Yugoskandic and Dafiment ... Both banks claimed close links to Israel, and thousands queued over theirmoney. Then the banks collapsed. The owner of Yugoskandic absconded to Israel with his investment money..." [RUBIN, E, p. 1]

This owner, Jezda Yasiljevic, notes the London Sunday Times, "fled to Israel, where he threatened to fund hit squads against politicians who turned against him." [BRANSON] In 1992, Vasiljevic had purchased an island off the Montenegrin coast, "once the playground of Richard Burton and Sophia Loren," for hundreds of millions of dollars. [BRANSON] The next year, notes the Christian Science Monitor,

"tens of thousands of panicked Belgraders besieged a soccer stadium yesterday where numbered tickets were being given to withdraw money from a private bank. The rush followed the collapse last week of another bank whose owner fled to Israel, leaving a tangle that threatened to bring down the whole economy of the remaining Yugoslavia." [BRANSON, p. 3]
"Vasiljevic's bank," said Time, "ran a classic Ponzi scheme, using new deposits to pay the interest on old ones." [GREENWALD, p. 58]
A sampling of other newsworthy items about Jews committing crimes throughout the world and then hurrying to Israel for refuge include:

* Members of the Jewish Defense League. Between 1981 and 1987, the FBI blamed Jewish groups for 24 terrorist acts in the U.S. -- 17 of them were believed to be perpetrated by the JDL. [THORNTON, p. A19] The Washington Post reported that "the Israeli government has failed to cooperate with a U.S. investigation of Jewish Defense

League (JDL) members and associates suspected in a series of bombings and terrorist incidents in this country, according to an internal Federal Bureau of Investigations memo. The memo ... said several key suspects in the investigation have fled to Israel." [THORNTON, p. A19] In 1992, seven years after the murder by bombing of Arab-American Alex Odeh, the president of the Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Organization Albert Mokhiber, complained that "the American government is asking to interrogate American citizens [in Israel] on a crime that occurred in America and the Israeli government is preventing it." [HEDGES, p. A3] Among others, William Ross, an important philanthropist to the Meir Kahane and his Kach Party, carried out a mail bomb murder "not for politics but for his own profit." [TUGEND, 8-19-88, p. 8]

* Gordon Wolfson. In 1985 he was convicted of 34 counts of mail fraud after cheating investors out of $50 million in a real estate scam. Five days before Wolfson's sentencing, he paid the Israeli vice-consul in Miami, David Mordechai, $125,000 to arrange to get him on an El Al flight to Israel. Mordechai was sentenced two years later to six years in U.S. prison for aiding the criminal. "[Mordechai] did something that every Jew hopes to do once in his lifetime," explained his lawyer, "that is help a Jew go to Israel." [UPI, 1-10-87]

* Eddie Antar. Head of a chain of electronics stores called Crazy Eddie, Antar escaped to Israel and lived under the name of "David Cohen" after a $63 million securities fraud judgment against him by the Securities Exchange Commission. [UPI, 6-24-92, ONLINE]

* Dov and Ayala Engel. The two fled to Israel from Brooklyn in 1998 after swindling American banks out of $100 million through their company Kent International. (Although eventually brought to justice in the U.S., in 2001 the New York Post noted that Dov "plans to cut his 11-year [prison] sentence to less than half by serving time in the Jewish state ... Under a 1999 extradition-treaty amendment, he can serve his sentence in that country [Israel], where fraud charges carry a maximum of five years' imprisonment." [SMITH, K., 12-4-01]

* Michael Vishedsky and Shlomo Wishedsky. These two owners of a Brooklyn shoe store fled to Israel after committing "the largest Medicaid fraud ever uncovered in New York state, possibly the country." [UPI, 4-16-96]

* Michael Schiff. In 1995, known by Chicago-area police authorities to have both American and Israeli citizenship, he raped and sodomized a woman who he was interviewing for a (non-existent) job as a nanny. He then fled to Israel. "Under terms of a U.S.-Israeli agreement," noted the Chicago Tribune, "the Tel Aviv government will not extradite one of its own citizens."

* Richard Minns -- Minns, is "the former jet-setting health club owner who was implicated but never charged in connection with the shooting of his former lover, in October 1980." She sued him for the injuries suffered and won $42.6 million in 1991. Minns by now was in Israel: [He] never showed up in court for depositions [in Texas] in connection with the suit ... [He] lived in Israel at the time of the trial ... [His lawyer son] says his father disinherited him ... because he married a woman who was not Jewish..." [SAPINO, B., 4-6-92]

* Ezra Murad. A diamond dealer, in 1989 he was accused of defrauding Norway's second largest bank of $3 million. [HOROVITZ]

* Samuel Dagan. An Israeli, he swindled two American banks out of $6 million. (Israel relented in this case and extradited him to the U.S.-- probably because of the problems he caused to Israel itself. Dagan had 21 earlier convictions in the Jewish state for fraud and extortion). [UPI, 8-15-90]

* Yosef Lisch. A Hasidic Jew, in 1998 he fled to Israel after the car he was driving in a motorcade for a prominent Orthodox rabbi hit and killed a seven year old Black child in the Crown Heights area of New York, resulting in local riots and increased Black-Jewish tensions.

* Ronald Carmon. An Israeli-born lawyer, he worked for a New York City program that offered legal services to the poor. He fled to Israel after being caught defrauding the city out of $7,000. [UPI, 12-22-88]

* Nahum Vaskevitch. In 1994, this former head of the international mergers and acquisitions for Merrill Lynch in London absconded to Israel after an illegal "insider trader" scheme netted him $4 million. Fellow conspirator David Sofer was also Israeli. [APPELSON]

* Ilan Mayan. In 1987, Mayan murdered a man in Los Angeles and fled to Israel, but was later arrested in Switzerland. [LA TIMES, 6- 25-87]

Daniel Weiz. Weiz fled to Israel from Toronto after being charged with second-degree murder. "Police have described the case as a random assault by a group wearing ski masks." [ASSOCIATED PRESS, 12-15-99]

* Natchum Gal. "In Alberta [Canada] in 1982," noted the Toronto Star, "Dr. Natchum Gal turned off the respirator sustaining a brain-damaged newborn girl and authorized a nurse to administer 15 milligrams of morphine. The child died 40 minutes later. Gal denied any wrong doing, but he fled to Israel before facing a murder charge." [TORONTO STAR, 10-15-94, p. A4]

* "Billy" King. In 1998 the New York Law Journal noted that he "fraudulently transferred to himself valuable estate properties consisting of commercial buildings in Manhattan. Subsequently, he remains a fugitive." [NY LAW, p. 31]

* Dror Haim Goldberg, an Israeli. Indicted in 1999 for murdering Manuela Silverio in a Houston wig shop, "[police] strongly suspect he has fled to Israel, which prohibits the extradition of its citizens for prosecution." [HOUSTON CHRONICLE, p. A30] "It was vicious," said Houston police sergeant George Aldreta, "We don't know the exact reason for it, but we suspect he may have done it for the pure pleasure of killing somebody." [AP, 2-12-99]

* Jeffrey Ashkenazi. Ashkenazi was a doctor in the small town of Greenville, Michigan. He was arrested in 1998, initially on a mail-fraud charge. Ashkenazi, noted the Associated Press, "had his medical license suspended after improperly treating 10 patients, one of whom died ... [He] reserved one-way plane tickets to Israel for himself and family." [ASSOCIATED PRESS, 8-11-98]

* Paul Stern. Stern was indicted in 1971 for his part in a scam to defraud insurance companies, including fake care accidents and medical bills. He was not arrested until 1997, when he tried to enter the U.S. from overseas. Stern, noted the Chicago Daily Law Bulletin, "was believed to have been in Israel the whole time."

* Kenyon Schulman. "Where is Kenyon Schulman?" asked the Houston Chronicle in 1992, "Harris County prosecutors ... learned through Schulman's lawyer ... that he's somewhere in Israel, probably Tel Aviv." Schulman was wanted for questioning when 400 hits of the drug Ecstasy were found in the trunk of his BMW. He had been arrested earlier, in 1988, for computer hacking.

Sholam Weiss. He was the kingpin of the "nation's largest-ever insurance fraud" and, along with three of his four co-defendants (Jan Schneiderman, Jan Starr, and Keith Pound), was convicted of "racketeering, fraud, money laundering and other charges." Weiss was the brains behind criminal looting the National Heritage Life Insurance Company and was sentenced to "what is believed to be the largest Federal prison term ever imposed" -- 845 years. "Many of the company's 35,000-40,000 policy holders lost most of their life savings." Most were elderly, living in Florida. The criminal investigation against Weiss "followed a five year criminal investigation across nine states and led to dozens of indictments." On October 18, 1999, Weiss skipped his $500,000 bail bond and a New York court sentencing, thereby making the FBI's Most-Wanted list. A reward of $125,000 was also offered for information leading to his capture. Weiss was alleged to be in Israel, Austria, Brazil, or Belgium. Some suspected he was hiding in America. The presiding judge in his case also fined Weiss over $123 million, the criminal was also ordered to pay back another $125 million in restitution to insurance policyholders, and another judgment against him demanded $339 more for his crimes.

Weiss was raised in the Borough Park section of metropolitan New York City in a cloistered ultra-Orthodox community. He was "educated in a yeshiva [Jewish religious school], where he spoke Yiddish ... he did not learn to speak English until he was in his late teens." This criminal also "claimed that he was a victim of company executives who lured him unknowingly into the conspiracy and took advantage of his ties to the Jewish community." Weiss was earlier indicted in 1994 for mail fraud. He was also a co-owner of the famous Studio 54 nightclub and the Scores striptease joint. He "testified that he was involved in several business ventures with lawyer Michael Blutrich and Lyle Pfeffer, who owned Scores in secret partnership with the mob." Pfeffer and Blutrich were sentenced to 25 years in prison for their roles in the National Heritage insurance fraud. [ASSOCIATED PRESS, 11-2-99]

For some reason, Jewish American scamsters Harold and Alan Lieberman chose Chile, and not Israel, as their refuge from the arm of American law. The two fled the U.S. in 1992 to escape prison for fraud. "Their sudden departure," noted the St. Louis Post Dispatch, "came three years after the collapse of Lieberman Corporation, once one of the nation's top home builders." The brothers "left debts of $15 million and a 37-page Federal indictment accusing them of defrauding lenders, customers and contractors. They took with them a reported $6 million."

Living in luxury in Santiago, "the Liebermans enjoyed a daily routine of Spanish lessons and every-Saturday visits to the Jewish temple." In 1997, Alan's wife and another man were caught trying to smuggle $750,000 back into the United State. Ms. Lieberman also had cocaine in her purse. Alan soon returned to America and was sentenced to prison. Brother Harold continued to resist expulsion from Chile, eventually committing suicide.

Fugitive (since 1983) Jewish American financier Marc Rich [who merits further discussion later in this chapter] chose Switzerland to escape the arm of American law. Nonetheless, he became an Israeli citizen in 1994 and "has donated about $200 million over the last 20 years to Israel and worldwide Jewish charities."

Maryland con man" Martin Bramson ("the mastermind of one of America's largest insurance fraud schemes") chose Europe to hide. Tracked by Interpol for three years, Bramson was finally arrested in the tiny country of Liechtenstein where he fought extradition back to America to face charges of "money laundering, wire fraud and mail fraud." Bramson had swindled thousands of doctors and laundered money through 588 banks in countries throughout the world, including $43 million in a two-year period in Anguilla alone. Others in his business scams included his father Norman (an optometrist who went to prison in 1980) and his brother Leonard (a lawyer who went to prison in 1990).

In 1997, Ira Einhorn was arrested in France for the 1981 murder of a woman in Philadelphia. He had "vanished" just before his trial was to begin. Einhorn was a "former peace activist," Philadelphia's "most recognized activist, a wildly dressed advocate of psychedelic drugs, communal living, Eastern mysticism and environmental consciousness," and "a friend and guru to prominent Philadelphians in another era." "Peace and love was what he stood for," said one acquaintance. [NEW YORK TIMES, 6-18-97, p. A14]

Yet another Jewish renegade, from Texas, is Alexander Ross (alias Alexander Cohen, or William Cohen), a man who was not a licensed dentist but practiced anyway, eventually a fugitive in 1999 for both sexually molesting young patients and Medicaid fraud. "FBI and police," noted the Houston Chronicle, "have begun an international hunt for Ross. Investigators think he has spent at least several months in Panama." [SMITH, M., 6-27-99, p. A1]

Perhaps Ross knows Jeffrey Gottlieb, wanted by Alaska's State Medical Fraud Unit for over billing Medicaid, stealing drugs from doctors, and selling drugs to drug dealers. "Gottleib told the State licensing board that he attended a medical school in Guadalajara, Mexico, from 1974-77, then went to study religion in Israel, then returned to receive a medical degree in 1986 from American University of the Caribbean on the Island of Monseratt ... One of Gottleib's patients [later arrested] alone received 2 percent of all the controlled drugs prescribed to Medicaid patients in Alaska."

Among other Jewish fraudsters who didn't head for Israel is Hal Kaplan, a master con-man who has used "eight known aliases and been convicted of fraud, theft, forgery, and bigamy." Married eight times, his favorite ploy, noted the Los Angeles Times in 1993, is to marry rich women to "loot their bank accounts." Yet another kindred soul is Charles Ray Lonberger, arrested in 1990, who ran a series of charity frauds, often under the pretense of raising money for the Jewish Federation Council. Another, from the early 1980s, was Eduardo Rabiea, son of Iraqi Jews who immigrated to the United States from Israel. Rabiea was described by a New York prosecutor as "a master of deceit and deception who is wanted for fraud all over the world," absconding with over $60 million in swindles. [RAAB, S., p. B1] A fellow soul is also Britain's Jonathan Kern, also Jewish, who was arrested while entertaining two prostitutes in 1999. Also wanted for fraud and various scams all over the globe, Kern "has previously impersonated members of the Rolling Stones, and fooled a Park Lane garage into lending him a  BMW valued at 44,000 pounds by posing as a record producer." Among other ploys, he has pretended he was a well known British auto race commentator, Jonathan Palmer, creating bills in Palmer's name all over Europe. "You are a persistent criminal and a man who deceives as a way of life," a sentencing judge told Kern.

In a 1994 Toronto Life article entitled "Con Man," the criminal life of Patrick White was explored, stemming from his defrauding of a local newspaper of $20,000. "Charmed by White's affable manner, by his habit of smiling when he spoke," and "by the Torah he displayed on his night table," David Mackin allowed alleged investor Mr. White to take over as Managing Editor of his small newspaper. "White," notes Toronto Life, "was regularly attending Kensington market synagogue and by all appearances was a devoutly religious man." [TORONTO LIFE, 11-94] Once White absconded, it was learned that he was a master fraudster. He had served jail time in Canada in 1978 for "indecent assault," and in 1982 for "a pair of fraud convictions." And there were outstanding arrest warrants for him across North America: Ontario -- theft, Virginia -- sexual assault against a boy, New York -- larceny, Mississippi -- sodomy and sexual assault against a boy, Ontario -- theft, Nova Scotia -- theft and fraud, Virginia -- sexual assault, and Alberta -- sexual asssault. In New Brunswick, he then hired 35 people for nonexistent jobs for a nonexistent night club, charging them each $100 for "uniforms." While in Toronto, White once hired three boys to shovel snow from his sidewalk. Inviting them inside, he showed them pornography. "When police searched the house," notes Toronto Life, "they found a cache of pornography along with religious texts White had borrowed from a local rabbi. It was entitled The Sexual Morality of Young People." [TORONTO LIFE, 11-94]

Another noteworthy con man of Jewish heritage is Stanley Cherry (alias "Stefanos Coreey"). In 1999 a Canadian woman fell in love with him but was the "victim ... of a fraud artist so diabolical that he left her almost destitute: without savings, without access to credit and in danger of losing her home." Total losses were about $75,000. It was eventually revealed, notes the Montreal Gazette, that "the man had been in and out of jail throughout his adult life. Crime was his profession. It was, you might say, his vocation." Three outstanding warrants for his arrest existed for other crimes. Among the frauds earlier perpetuated by Cherry was that upon another infatuated woman with him.

Former Washington Post book critic Geoffrey Wolff wrote an entire volume about his father. Here's how the book's back-cover blurb describes the the material:

"The Duke of Deception is the unforgettable story of a man whose life was so full of deceit that his love for his son was his only truth. 'Duke' Wolff dragged his family from coast to coast, from luxurious homes to furnished rooms, always looking for the next big break -- and always just ahead of his creditors. No ordinary con man, he used an imaginative set of credentials to pass himself off as a Yaleman and an aeronautical engineer. But his past, his debts, and his flamboyant ways with other people's money finally caught up with him."

 

Here's how author Wolf describes his father:

 

"My father was a Jew. This did not seem to him a good idea, and so it was his notion to disassemble his history, begin at zero, and re-create himself. His sustaining line of work til shortly before he died was as a confidence man ... There were some awful consequences, for other people as well as for him. He was lavish with money, with others' money. He preferred to stiff institutions: jewelers, car dealers, banks, fancy hotels ... I wish he hadn't selected from among the world's possible disguises the costume and credentials of a yacht club commodore ... But it is true, of course, that a confidence man who cannot inspire confidence in his marks is nothing at all, so perhaps his tune-up of his bloodline, educational vita, and war record was merely the price of doing business in a culture preoccupied with appearances ... But for all his pre-occupation with make-believe, he never tried seriously to write it. A confidence man learns early in his career that to commit himself to paper is to court trouble. The successful bunko artist does his game, and disappears himself." [WOLFF, G., 1986, p. 9]

Here's how Marsha Richman and Katie O'Donnell describe the typical Jewish "con-man":

"THE JEWISH CON MAN. He's just good-looking enough. He went to a name-drop school or two. He's had a name-drop position or two. He moves from position to position, group to group. His only constant attachments are to this mother and his children. He leaves a trail of people behind him who wonder why they didn't see the too many finely tailored shirts, the monograms. Later, you remember he was: a subtle name dropper. A whit too polished (his shoes, his nails, etc.). He borrows the heritage of his married-into family, their friends, their places, their clubs. He plays tennis with name pros like Poncho Gonzales. He collects actors just out of vogue, first editions, antiques, and a sprinkling of just credible folks for whom he has performed some minor service. All of his speeding tickets are fixed. He fixes theater tickets to sold-out shows on a moment's notice. He has a cover-up for everything from larceny to misdemeanors. He personally knows members of the Mafia." [Richman/O'Donnell 1979, p. 12-14]

In 1997, John Perry, the Jewish editor of an Indian weekly newspaper, The New India-Times, was charged in New York City for eleven counts of conspiracy and mail fraud. Perry called the charges "a witch hunt" and sounded out a possible defense of anti-Semitism from Israel and Jewish American newspapers, and the Anti-Defamation League.

In 1995 the former Executive Director, Lester Kaplan, of the Jewish Community Center of Greater Washington DC, was imprisoned for embezzling a million dollars from the organization. Three others, including the Chief Financial Officer at the organization, Jay Manchester, were also implicated. Kaplan could have gotten up to 95 years in jail, but was only sentenced to seven years; he was freed after eight months. The State Attorney General's office investigated and prosecuted the crime despite the Jewish organization's decision to avoid publicity and not report the situation to police. Despite his record, in 1997 Kaplan was hired as a Montgomery County public housing agency supervisor. "Kaplan," noted the Washington Post, "approached HOC [Housing Opportunity Commission] chairwoman Barbara Goldberg-Golden -- a board member at the Jewish Community Center -- and asked her for help [in getting a job]."

In 2001, "Montgomery County prosecutors ... opened up an investigation into the handling of a charity fund at one of the Washington area's largest synagogues [Congregation Beth El in Bethesda, Maryland], after its senior rabbi reimbursed $300,000 to the fund because of questions about how he had used the account." The rabbi, Jonathan Maltzman, "transferred more than $220,000 from the charity fund to his brokerage account at Fidelity; used $7,950 from the fund for his child's b'nai mitzvah parties; and used about $11,500 to pay his self-employment taxes. An additional $62,000 was withdrawn in cash at ATMS ... About $700,000 had passed through the fund during the 11 years Maltzman administered it, [but] only about $20,000 could be identified as having gone to charities."

In 1999, a Cincinnati rabbi, Jacob Lustig of congregation Kneseth Israel, was found guilty of skimming hundreds of thousands of dollars of profits from a series of synagogue bingo games spread across three counties in 19 storefronts. "The instant bingo," noted the Associated Press, "took in more than $1 million in 1996 and 1997, but his congregation received only $250,000 of that. Lustig and his associates (Gerel Payne, Ralph Lipsky, and Sam Semet) avoided prison time, although Lustig was ordered to surrender $920,000. The Cincinnati Enquirer noted that "Judge Cartolano said the lack of cooperation from the congregation, which still supports the rabbi, was a problem for prosecutors."

In 2000, the Temple Sinai synagogue in Dresher, Pennsylvania, sued its fired Executive Director, Barry Wilf; his wife Barbara who was an assistant bookkeeper at the synagogue; bookkeeper Betty Shusterman; and Shusterman's husband, son, and son's wife. They were accused of embezzling $700,000 over the years through a bank that was also named in the suit.

In 1999 too, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency reported that "the Jewish community in Poland is being wracked by a scandal that has forced the country's umbrella Jewish organization to fire its treasurer and downgrade the status of the Jewish communities of Gdansk and Poznan ... Jewish organizations tried to keep the affair quiet." That same year, Wolfgang Schnur, founder of the "Democratic Awakening" political party and "a leader of the democracy movement that toppled communism in East Germany 10 years ago," was "detained on fraud charges after trying to cash phony securities at a Berlin bank." An Israeli accomplice escaped. [AP, Former]

In 1997, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency noted a common theme in Germany:

"Jewish community elections in Germany are rarely covered in the German media. But the upcoming election in Berlin on June 1 has catapulted the city's Jewish community into the national media spotlight. The stories center on real estate scandals, alleged financial mismanagement of community funds and embittered personal rivalries among community officials. The reports ... cast a shadow on the integrity of some leading members of Germany's largest Jewish community ... Jewish leaders worry that if the negative publicity continues, it could weaken community structures and damage the political influence of Berlin's Jewish community in the German capital."

 

In 2002, in England, we had this:

"Stamford Hill-based Hachzokas Torah Vechesed is the latest strictly Orthodox charity to be rapped by the Charity Commission over management issues. An inquiry was launched after commission officials were alerted by the charity's bank to an attempted withdrawal of more than 40,000 [pounds] in cash. Concerned at such a large amount, the commission discovered that the money had been kept "for a visiting rabbi to take to Israel,' according to its official report published this week. 'It was clear that this money was not the charity's property and that the charity had been simply used as a conduit for funds ... Eleven strictly Orthodox charities have been the subject of reports published by the commission in the last two years." [ROCKER, S., 11-8-02, p. 6]

Also in 1999, Reform Rabbi Fred Neulander, of Congregation M'Kor Shalom, the largest synagogue in southeastern New Jersey, was indicted for the 1994 contract murder of his wife. "The subsequent investigation into her murder," noted the Jewish Exponent, "brought to light her husband's involvement in several extramarital affairs." [SILVERSTEIN, p. 15] Later stepped forward an embittered man, Myron Lewin, who also claimed that Rabbi Neulander had also "cheated me" in Levin's purchase of a $16,000 Torah. [AP, 12-19-98] Somewhat similarly, in 1993, a Jewish author, Michele Samit, wrote an entire book (subtitled The True Story a Rabi's Deadly Affair) about a major sordid scandal in her own synagogue congregation in metropolitan Los Angeles. The husband (Mel Green) of the president (Anita Green) of Reform temple Shir Chadash arranged for her to be murdered when she had and affair with center's rabbi, Steven Jacobs, and left her husband. This case, writes Samit, "was the stuff of tabloids and miniseries: a shooting, rumors of sex between two spiritual leaders in the temple setting, accusations, criminal charges, and people lying on the witness stand to save their reputations ... The Los Angeles Jewish community prides itself on its high values, moral superiority and insularity. My temple leaders and members seemed to worry more about this reputation than about what had happened." [SAMIT, M., 1993, p. xxi, xxiii] The victim's mother was outraged that the rabbi seemed to care more about his reputation than his ex-lover: "When the detective told us how to handle the press, and that the police would make all the statements, the rabbi went crazy. He said, 'There can't be any statements. I want to keep a low profile. This can't get out to the press. I'm a rabbi.' All he cared about was himself. He didn't want there to be an arrest or a trial if his name would come up. It made me sick."

In 1992, another rabbi, Austin Yoncy Feld, and his brother were held in a San Francisco-area jail on charges that they planned to murder a Palo Alto child psychiatrist, Saul Wasserman, and his wife. Recently arrived from Jerusalem, police found in the rabbi's car "six plastic handcuffs, two knives, ski masks, detailed floor plans of the house, photographs of the Wassermans, a key to every door in the house, a bouquet of flowers and the location of a shotgun in the house." Police suspected the plan was motivated by the Wasserman's daughter, a student in Israel, who accused her parents of sexually molesting her when she was a child.

Looking more deeply into the American Jewish Committee's Jewish self-described "tradition, experience, and values," we can find some very prominent Jewish organizations seemingly going out of their way to try to affirm the classical stereotype that Jews are addicted to money at any moral cost. We have seen already the likes of Ivan Boesky as the chairman of the New York City United Jewish Appeal for two years during his illegal hoarding of tens of millions, and World Jewish Congress President Edgar Bronfman whose family fortune (Seagram's) was built upon illegal alcohol smuggling from Canada (including a deal with major Jewish mobster Meyer Lansky) to the United States during Prohibition. "Though the Bronfmans," says Dennis McDougal, "denied any complicity in the transport of their wares across the U.S. border during the Prohibition, notable gangsters like Abner 'Longie' Zwillman and New York Mafia 'Prime Minister' Frank Costello admitted to the Kefauver Committee that a steady stream of whisky flowed out of Bronfman distilleries and into millions of dry American mouths." [MCDOUGAL, p. 144] (Among many other charitable donations to Jewish organizations, the Bronfman family donated a million dollars for a new wing of the Israel Museum in 1962).

Of course there is also the prominent philanthropist Annenberg family fortune, at least partially based in underworld links decades earlier, and (the later to be discussed) common connections between Jewish-dominated Hollywood and the criminal underworld there. "U.S. smugglers, conmen, and thieves couldn't seem to get enough of the movies and the stars during the first half of the century." Then there is Robert Maxwell, the corrupt Jewish/British businessman who manipulated what later became known as "colossal swindles of a particularly nasty kind" who in 1991 went to Israel's Holocaust memorial center to be bestowed Yad Vashem’s "Remembrance Award" for his "dedication to Yad Vashem and all it stands for." Seven months after Maxwell's death, his two sons and an American associate, Larry Trachtenberg, formerly a lecturer at the London School of Economics, were arrested in England on charges of fraud and theft of $250 million. A Washington Post article did not mention their ethnicity, but patriarch Robert Maxwell was described as a "Czech [who] arrived in Britain after World War II almost penniless and made himself one of Britain's biggest media tycoons."

Elsewhere, in 1995, the largest non-Orthodox Jewish high school in America (located in Los Angeles) raised eyebrows when it renamed itself "Milken High" after a $5 million donation from the Milken Family Foundation. The high school is part of a new multi-million dollar "cultural and artistic showplace" complex which includes the Skirball Museum. Principal Bruce Powell qualified the new high school name, insisting that it was technically named after the "Milken Family Foundation," and not the convicted felon. Powell also told the Los Angeles Times that, besides, he believed Michael Milken was "tried and convicted in the press by innuendo and a politically ambitious prosecutor." "We feel [the Milken High School name] is a non-issue," Shoshana Hirsh, planning director of the San Fernando Jewish Alliance, told the Times. After all, another Jewish complex -- the West Valley Jewish Center in West Hills, California -- already opened in 1987 -- in the midst of Michael Milken's financial scams -- as the Bernard Milken campus, named after Michael's father.

In 1991, Thomas and Joseph Gambino, sons of deceased Mafia leader Carlo Gambino, and recognized organized crime figures in their own right, donated $2.3 million to the Long Island Jewish Medical Center. Tom was at the time under federal investigation for racketeering, extortion, loan-sharking, and murder charges. Joe was indicted a few months earlier for extortion and restraint of trade. Hospital officials announced a new facility to be named the Gambino Medical and Science Foundation Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit. "No amount of money these men give," complained one disgusted hospital trustee, "can offset the damage this incident is doing to the hospital's reputation."

In 1958 media mogul Walter Annenberg proposed to fund what he called the "M.L. Annenberg School of Communications" at the University of Pennsylvania, named in honor of his father, Moses, a man who built the Annenberg fortune in association with a variety of criminal underground figures, including mobster Meyer Lansky. John Cooney writes that:

"There had been a loud opposition from faculty members who objected to Penn's honoring a man of Moses' past. Moreover, many faculty members believed that Annenberg wanted to retain control over the school by appointing faculty members himself, a situation they considered intolerable."

In 1985 Myron Goodman and his brother-in-law Mordechai Weissman merited an entire volume about the moral fiascos in their company called OPM (The OPM Scandal and the Seduction of the Establishment). Founded in 1971, OPM became the largest purchaser of IBM equipment for their computer leasing company. Clients included AT&T, American Express, Rockwell, Occidental Petroleum, and many others.

In 1980 Goodman and Weissman were found guilty and sentenced to 10-12 years in prison for check kiting, conspiracy, and mail and wire fraud. The company fraudulently obtained nearly $200 million from lenders. Other OPM officials found guilty of criminal actions in the case included Allen Ganz, Manny Friedman, Stephen Lichtman, and Jeffrey Resnick. Kickbacks also went to Jewish executives at Montefiore Hospital (Harry Weiss) and American Express (Martin Shulman). OPM employed 17 Goodman/Weissman relatives.

"Both Goodman and Weissman were Orthodox Jews," notes Robert Gandossy, "who practiced Jewish dietary laws and refrained from work and travel on the Sabbath. A mezuzah [a Jewish religious artifact] hung on every office door at OPM ... Weissman's faith was so strong that he left OPM in 1973 to fight in the Israeli war in the Middle East." Not surprisingly, Goodman also "gave away millions to charitable organizations, particularly those with Jewish affiliations." This included $1 million to Yeshiva University, where he was elected to be a board member.

In 1996, officials at Beth Israel Hospital and the Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Aged wrote testimonial letters on behalf of Jewish philanthropist Simon Fireman to help keep him out of jail. Fireman, Hebrew Rehab's Man of the Year in 1996, (he funded their "Fireman Pavilion" a year earlier) faced a federal court and 74 counts of conspiracy to hide $120,000 in illegal political campaign contributions.

In 1999 Garth Drabinsky and Myron Gottleib, co-founders of the giant theatre producer Livent, Inc. (the organization behind popular musicals like Showboat, Ragtime, and Kiss of the Spider Woman) were arraigned for 16 charges of conspiracy and securities fraud in Manhattan. "Some individuals and groups in the non-profit sector," noted the Ottawa Citizen, "particularly in Toronto's Jewish community, are evaluating the impact on past and future funding received from [them]."

In 1997, Roy Rosenbaum, the vice president of development for the Jewish Theological Seminary, defended the practice of accepting money from anyone, no questions asked:

"Should a charity accept money from someone who may have earned it by illegal means of any kind? ... I believe that it is appropriate to do so."

"There's a difference," insisted Rabbi Stephanie Dickstein in the Jewish Theological Seminary's magazine, "between accepting money of a questionable background and the directors of the organization engaging in such behavior themselves." [KORDOVA, p. 27] This disturbing worldview from a preeminent Jewish American theology center essentially sanctions any immoral, unethical practice and any crime if, in the end, the Jewish charity recipients themselves didn't themselves pull the trigger.

Over the years, notes Robert Rockaway in the journal American Jewish History, "Jewish organizations and charities did accept gangster contributions, rarely inquiring as to the source of the money given to them, neither did they discriminate among donors. [Prominent Jewish mobster] Meyer Lansky donated large sums of money to his synagogue, Temple Sinai in Hollywood, Florida, to [the Jewish-founded] Brandeis University, and to causes related to Israel." - "Over the years," adds Stephen Birmingham, "[Jewish mobster Meyer Lansky] has been very generous to Israel -- not only with personal contributions, but also by regularly turning over his Las Vegas hotels and casinos for Bonds for Israel rallies."

In 1970 Moe Dalitz, "a leading member of the Cleveland crime syndicate," and controller of the Stardust and Desert Inn Las Vegas casinos, was awarded the City of Peace Award of the State of Israel "in recognition of distinguished service to the people and state of Israel." In 1985 the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith bestowed their "Torch of Liberty" award upon him for his cash support of that group. A gangster associate revealed to a 1947 organized crime commission that Dalitz was in fact the chairman of the Nevada United Jewish Appeal. In 1982, Dalitz was listed by Forbes magazine as one of the 400 wealthiest people in America.  In terms of the criminal underworld, he was also known as "the godfather of Las Vegas." In 1949, Murray Greenfield was a hero to Israel; he was activist in guiding immigrants to the Jewish state. He connected in Baltimore with the Jewish criminal underworld through a contact at a local United Jewish Appeal function.

Also in Las Vegas, Ze'ev Chafets notes the story of "a local Jewish madam [who] had given a talk to a B'nai B'rith meeting. Prostitution is legal in Nevada, and the madam, a Jewish lady named Beverly Hurel, is a highly regarded businesswoman." [CHAFETS, p. 101] Other prominent local Jewish activists included Jack Entratter, who was concurrently the president of both the Sands Hotel casino and the Temple Beth Sholam synagogue.

In 1973 Morris (Moishe) Levy, head of the musical recording label Roulette Records, was honored by the UJA music division as its man of the year. "One of the most aboveground institutionalized mob involvements in the [music industry]," noted Steve Chapple and Reebee Garofalo in 1977, "was suggested at Senate hearings in 1973, during the testimony of Gerland Zelmanowitz, a Mafia financier turned informer who said Angelo 'Gyp' DeCarlo, a New Jersey Mafioso, and Tommy Eboli..., another top-level mobster shot and killed in New York, were partners in Roulette Records. The label's president, Morris Levy, says the mob was never in Roulette, but acknowledged Mafia money in Promo Records, which he used to share with Eboli."

In roasting Levy at the UJA dinner in his honor, Joe Smith, the head of Elektra records, told the crowd, "The thought of coming up to honor Morris Levy and to introduce him and say something complimentary about this crowd here tonight, is the most difficult assignment I've ever faced.... [There are] two things all these ladies and gentlemen on the dais have in common: They cheated everybody every time they could. And they are the biggest pain in the ass to be around." Turning to address a friend of Levy's in the audience, Hy Weiss, the founder of the Old Town record label, Smith said, "Hymie was assigned not to the table, but to room 328 where he's gonna line up the hookers for a party afterwards." - "There was laughter and applause to these remarks," says Fred Dannen. "I was the payola [bribe] king of New York," said Weiss later, "Payola was the greatest thing in the world. You didn't have to go out to dinner with someone and kiss their ass. Just pay them, here's the money, play the record, fuck you." In 1988 Morris Levy was convicted of two counts of conspiracy to commit extortion.

In 1982 Roy Cohn (who rose to fame as the right-hand man of Senator Joe McCarthy's anti-communist witch hunt purges in the 1950s) was honored at a State of Israel Bond "testimonial dinner" sponsored by the B'nai B'rith Banking and Finance Lodge. Cohn was awarded the City of Peace Award "for his ongoing advocacy of American economic and political support of Israel." [JEWISH WEEK, 4-15-83, p. 44] Cohn had earlier been honored by the Jewish National Fund and the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies. Cohn was once disbarred from the practice of law for a year and a half for stealing from a client (this client, Lewis Rosentiel, head of the giant Schenley alcohol fortune and a prominent philanthropist for Jewish-founded Brandeis University, was also known to have been involved with the mob); over a ten year period Cohn was also acquitted in three separate trials involving obstruction of justice, perjury, a stock-swindle scheme, bribery, conspiracy, and filing false documents. "At these trials," notes Thomas Maier, "the testimony revealed some of Cohn's friends and associates included such underworld figures as Moe Dalitz, ... a man described by authorities as an 'under boss' to Mafia chieftain Vito Genovese; and Meyer Lansky, the Miami gangster." (Cohn's uncle, Bernie Marcus, head of the Bank of the United States, even spent time in prison. Why? "The WASP establishment," says Cohn, "went after the Bank of the United States with a vengeance that was pure in its anti-Semitism.") [ZION, S., 1988, p. 24]

In Miami also, noted Robert Friedman in 2000, "until recently the ringleader of the Russian mob in South Florida," Ludwig Fainberg has held "numerous fundraisers ... for Jewish charities at a restaurant and nightclub he owns called Babushka."

A lot of Jewish World War II lackies to Nazis ended up working as officials in American Jewish community organizations. As noted Jewish Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal notes:

"I made a [postwar] rule that was approved by the American military government authorities and became known as Lex Wiesenthal: Latin for Wiesenthal's Law. It was very simple: WHOEVER HAD A FUNCTION OF AUTHORITY IN  THE NAZI PERIOD COULD NOT HAVE A FUNCTION IN POSTWAR JEWISH LIFE. [Wiesenthal's emphasis] I wasn't saying such a man was a criminal. I wasn't even looking into whether he was good or bad. But I needed to protect our Jewish society from more bad surprises' ... Wisenthal noted     that 'in many cases, such people after the war found jobs with Jewish organizations. Maybe they were trying to atone; maybe they thought this was the best place to hide. Once, I was going special to Paris to see the director for Europe of the [Jewish] Joint Distribution Committee, because working for him was a man -- a Jew! - who had been in a concentration camp the head of the transports to the death camps. According to Wisenthal, the JDC director, an American, responded, 'So what? This was a time when everyone had to serve."

In 2001, President Bill Clinton found himself in another scandal when he pardoned Jewish American fugitive Marc Rich, wanted since 1983 on "51 counts of tax evasion, racketeering and violating sanctions against trade with Iran." New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani notes that Rich's crimes included "the biggest tax evasion case in United States history." Rich "was also charged with a complex oil scam that exploited America's energy crisis in the early '80s. The 65-count indictment claimed he had secretly bought up millions of barrels of Texas crude oil then under strict price controls and relabeled the oil as decontrolled supplies, ultimately selling it on the open market for huge profits -- reportedly $100 million. And while 52 Americans were held hostage in Iran, Rich's company allegedly made another fortune by trading with the Ayatollah Khomeini's regime in violation of a strict American trade embargo."

As a fugitive, Rich the wanted criminal had given over $70 million to Israeli causes. Hence, as the Jewish Telegraphic Agency noted about massive international Jewish lobbying efforts to get the pardon:

"The Rich case puts an uncomfortable spotlight on the many Jewish and Israeli causes, like Birthright Israel [which sends young Jewish Americans to Israel], that Rich supported. Indeed, a New York Times article noted that the list of people who wrote letters [to Clinton] supporting Rich's pardon is 'a virtual Who's Who of Israeli society and Jewish philanthropy."

These included Rabbi Irving Greenberg, head of the U. S. Holocaust Memorial Council, who asked Clinton, on Rich's behalf, to do "one of the most Godlike actions that anyone can ever do." "Rich has given to a variety of major institutions in Israel," noted the JTA. As Jewish commentator Ben Stein lamented:

"The really embarrassing moral disgrace attaches itself to, first, the chairman of the U. S. Holocaust Memorial Council, Rabbi Irwin Greenberg, who wrote Clinton urging a pardon for Rich, and to Ehud Barak, who while prime minister of Israel likewise solicited Clinton ... It's part of the thinking about the Holocaust that whatever is thought bad by Holocaust experts -- such as Greenberg -- is bad, and whatever is thought good is good. To spend such moral capital to get a pardon for Rich is disgusting. To think that the pity Americans feel for the Holocaust dead and survivors should be manipulated to aid a man accused of trading with America's enemies for profit is revolting." [STEIN, B., 2-14-01, p. 15A]

Israeli commentator Ze'ev Chafets was also shamed to comment about the international Jewish lack of morals in the effort to secure pardoning of such a corrupt man:

"The effort of Rich's strategists to turn their client into a modern day Alfred Dreyfus [a famous French Jew who was falsely tried for disloyalty] -- with the active connivance of some of the world's most prominent Jewish personalities and institutions -- is a scandal in its own right ... [Abraham] Foxman is the national director of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, America's most prestigious Jewish group. He wrote an official ADL letter to Clinton, asking him to pardon Rich. I called the ADL to ask why its director had intervened with the President of the United States on behalf of a master swindler and member in good standing of the FBI's most wanted list.

'Humanitarian reasons,' a spokeswoman told me. What possible humanitarian reason, I wondered, could there be to pardon a billionaire who lives in a Swiss castle and flies around the world in his own jet? And what did a crook like Rich have to do with the ADL? ... As for Foxman, Greenberg and other so-called American Jewish leaders, they prostituted themselves and their organizations for a rich criminal ... Foxman's not alone. Led by a Tel Aviv-based former Mossad agent named Avner Azulay, the Rich team put together a Jewish who's who of supporters. They got their client character references from famous rabbis like Shlomo Riskin; from Rabbi Irving Greenberg, chairman of U.S. Holocaust Memorial Council; from the chief rabbi of France; from the directors of a half-dozen Israeli hospitals, and from Marlene Post, former head of Hadassah [the women's Zionist organization].

Rich also received active support from former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres; Knesset Speaker Avraham Burg; Israeli Foreign Minister Shlomo Ben-Ami; ex-Ambassador to Washington Itamar Rabinovich; former Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek; the current mayor, Ehud Olmert, and dozens of other Israeli politicians...By participating in what appears to be an international conspiracy, they have given life to a classic anti-Semitic fantasy and earned themselves a place on the Anti-Defamation League's list of enemies of the Jewish people."

It was even eventually revealed that Abraham Foxman, director of perhaps the best-known Jewish organization, the Anti-Defamation League, a powerful enforcer of self-defined public morals (particularly against what it defines as "anti-Semitism") and ardent defender of Israel, had accepted a $100,000 donation to ADL from Marc Rich shortly before Foxman wrote his letter to Clinton in behalf of the criminal. "The ADL," noted the New York Post, "that Foxman and Rich's Israeli representative, former Mossad agent Avner Azulay, met in Paris last February to discuss ways to resolve Rich's legal problems." ADL spokesperson Myra Shinbaum declared that the ADL ("which annually budgets $50 million to fight anti-Semitism") wouldn't be returning the money.

In 1994, in the (Jewish) Forward's list of the most important Jewish American leaders, Shoshana Cardin was noted as "chief of staff of American Jewry" and "past chairman of almost everything," from the United Jewish Appeal to the National Jewish Center for Learning and Leadership. The Forward also noted that she "stood by her husband [Jerome Cardin] with dignity when he went to prison for his role in a Maryland savings-and-loan scandal." Cardin was released from prison early for medical reasons, but an associate -- Jeffrey Levitt -- spent seven years behind bars.

Levitt, who was active in Jewish charities which fueled his "concurrent rise in Baltimore's Jewish community," was well known in the 1970s "as one of Baltimore's most audacious slumlords." As president of the Old Court Savings and Loan Association, he was involved in what one prosecutor termed as possibly "the largest fraud in the history of the state of Maryland." Likewise, in Boston, as elsewhere, the Realty Lodge of the local chapter of the B'nai B'rith Jewish fraternal organization (which is the parent of the Anti-Defamation League) "represented many of the city's Jewish slumlords."

In 1982, Earl Shorris recalled his childhood memories of the kinds of men who headed his synagogue:

"We arrived at the synagogue as a family, three generations led by my grandfather ... My grandfather spoke to his friend Eddie -- Big Eddie, he called him. They spoke as members of the board of directors of the synagogue, important men, big donors. My grandfather earned his money from the labor of Italian and Polish women who sewed clothing in his factories. Big Eddie sold cheap wine and whiskey to the poor of the town. We did not approve of Big Eddie. His diamond ring and his fat cigar offended us ... His business offended us. There were fights in front of his store, stabbings, more than one killing. There were rumors about him.

Some people said he dealt with criminals. It as said that he gave so much to the synagogue to atone for the way he made his money... He traded donations for a position as a director of the synagogue. My grandfather said Eddie wanted to be president, that he was willing to donate a community center if the directors would elect him president. When Big Eddie finally strode up at the synagogue to be so honored, "the man our community commended to God" the color of his flesh was as rich and vulgar as his suit. [Grandfather,] you were so small, so pale beside him. Jerusalem was conquered, the Temple was destroyed, and there was no prophet in all of Israel. After the service I asked my father why it had happened. Money, was all he said. Sometimes you have to do these things, my grandfather added. A building doesn't come cheap."

Israeli scholar Robert Rockaway notes the notoriously ruthless all-Jewish Detroit Purple Gang of the prohibition era:

"[Purple Gang members] were what we would call 'traditional' Jews; they observed certain religious rituals and traditions such as lighting the Sabbath candles, eating kohser food at home (and often outside the home), attending synagogue on Jewish holidays and hosting or attending a Passover Seder. Some of the fathers [of gang members] were active members and even officers of synagogues ... On one particular Day of Atonement, the FBI sent two agents to Congregation B'nai David in hopes that some of the wanted Purple gangsters would show up for services. At the time, the uncle of a leading Purple gangster was president of the congregation."

In 2001, Ronald Lauder, heir to the Estee Lauder cosmetics fortune, stepped down as the chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Americans, the umbrella organization for this country's most prominent Jewish groups. Lauder was known jokingly as the "King of the Jews." That same year the New York Times reported that Lauder's overseas company, Central European Media Enterprises, was "under investigation over allegations that it paid at least $1 million in bribes to Ukrainian officials for a valuable television license, according to lawyers and [U. S.] Justice Department documents." Lauder owned Ukraine's best-known TV station, Studio 1+1, with Jewish crime lords Vadim Rabinovich and Boris Fuchsmann, who, although "known around Kiev for their influence and wealth," were "less well known [for] their ties to Russian organized crime, according to reports by the F.B.I. and European law enforcement agencies."

In 1995, Jeanette Nelson and her husband Victor Incenty (honorary co-chairpersons of an American Jewish Committee tribute to the conductor of the Florida Symphony Orchestra) were arrested for an "alleged scam to cheat thousands of investors out of $170 million." Vincenty's company, Cascade International, had made Fortune magazine's 1989 list of "companies to watch." Also in Florida, in 1998, Phillip Scott Plotka was noted to have -

"the resume of a prominent insurance agent ... In 1996 he received the Quality of Life Winner award by the Million Dollar Roundtable Foundation. He serves on the board of Jewish Vocational Services and on a professional advisory committee for the insurance industry ... But Wednesday, Plotka gained a different sort of notoriety. He became the first agent arrested in Miami-Dade county on charges of insurance fraud solicited through the Internet ... The Florida Department of Insurance said he solicited clients with the AIDS virus and instructed them to falsify insurance appications so they would be accepted ... 'This is a particularly onerous case because the individual is a highly regarded individual in his field,' [Dade Assistant State Attorney Mark] Shapiro said. 'He sits on an ethics committee."

In Canada, in 1989, Patricia Starr "was facing revelations in the Toronto media that she had channeled more than $82,000 of charitable funds from the local branch of the National Council of Jewish Women, of which she was president, to Liberal and Conservative politicians and to Liberal activists. The Federal Income Tax Act prohibited charities from making such contributions, and Ontario legislation limits the size of individual donations that a politician can accept."

Starr also pleaded guilty to lying to receive an unwarranted $357,000 from the local government for her Jewish organization, of which she personally stole $33,000. The National Council of Jewish Women itself faced 22 court charges for various legal infractions; they were dropped, however, because -- in the words of the government prosecutor: "It would have been like having the same trial [as Starr's] all over again. I don't think that would serve the public interest."

In 1998, the National Jewish Council of Jewish Women made the news again, this time in Denver, where its treasurer of 14 years, Ellen Bloch, was found to have embezzled over $150,000. In England, that same year, the (London) Independent headlined a story "Chief Rabbi Rocked by Fraud Scandal." Rabbi Jonathan Sacks is "seen by many Jews and non-Jews as the spiritual center of British Jewry ... is technically the Chief Rabbi only of the United Synagogue, the main Orthodox movement with 70 congregations in the United Kingdom." Suddenly he was "embroiled in deepening turmoil." Police were investigating "allegations of fraud at Jewish cemeteries in east London" and "the disappearance of highly valuable texts from a religious library."

In 2001, the Jewish Chronicle noted another Jewish cemetery escapade: "an ugly real estate battle between a New Jersey synagogue and its former cantor [that] has begun to focus on a larger question of whether congregants benefited from unethical business relationships they formed as synagogue benefactors." Harvey Waldman filed suit alleging that the temple's rabbi and other congregants took kickbacks "on a profit of more than $20 million" in a cemetery land scheme.

In 2000, Jean Thorbourn, a bookkeeper and financial consultant for the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Los Angeles was charged with "embezzling more than $1 million from the institution -- some of which was apparently used to finance the production of independent films." In 2001, rabbis Jacob Bronner and Efroim Stein "pleaded guilty to defrauding the US government of part of a $2.5 million federal grant intended to aid Holocaust survivors." The two men embezzled hundreds of thousands of dollars.

In Canada, scrap metal millionaire Morris Lax was the victim of an unsolved murder in 1993. Guy Crittenden notes "the closed-shop nature of the scrap business" and that -

"Even Lax supporters don't deny he was crooked (though perhaps not more so than some others in the business). He pled guilty to criminal charges in the early 1960's after being caught with stolen brass. On February 16, 1977 he was fined $34,000 after pleading guilty to three counts of falsifying company records ... Another time police found a portion of four tons of stolen copper at Lax's property ... People remembered him as an oddball who was physically filthy and would inadvertently spit upon listeners when he became animated in conversation. (This was normally Yiddish; Lax avoided speaking English throughout most of his life in Canada) ... Money allowed Morris Lax one luxury. He was a prominent supporter of Israel and, in stunning contrast to his usual crudeness, moved easily in the highest circles of Israeli political life, counting among his friends Mr. [Menachem] Begin [Israel's prime minister] (with whom he'd fled Russia) and Yitzhak Shamir."

Chester and Morris Waxman, business associates of Lax, built to power "one of the top three scrap-recycling enterprises in Canada." Chester, the Jewish community's Man of the Year in 1979, eventually was involved in a 14-year lawsuit with his brother (who initiated charges) which provided "a veritable parade of witnesses who have leveled accusations of fraud, conspiracy, diversion of funds, racehorse-breeding schemes, evidence tampering and betrayals of deathbed promises."

"What a bunch of shiksas in here!" proclaimed Bess Myerson, the only Jewish Miss America in history, in 1995 at the sight of a number of blondes in attendance at a gathering of the Women's Division of Israel Bonds of Maryland. Myerson, speaking as a member of the Israel Bonds national board and the board of the Anti-Defamation League, noted that "my greatest source of renewal comes from walking into a room filled of Jews." The Baltimore Jewish Times also observed that -

"she did not allude to her well publicized legal troubles over the years, which have included indictments in the mid-1980s on charges of conspiracy, fraud and obstruction of justice for allegedly bribing a judge to reduce support payments to her then-boyfriend's former wife. Ms. Myerson eventually was acquitted of the charges. She was also arrested for shoplifting in Pennsylvania seven years ago."

Myerson, a millionaire, was in fact arrested twice for shoplifting. The first time was in London. Luckily for her, this fact was not reported. At the time she was the New York City Consumer Affairs Commissioner.

Meyerson's non-Jewish boyfriend, Carl Capasso, was already married and was twenty-one years younger than her. Capasso's wife, Nancy, was also Jewish. His "best friend and neighbor was Mafia boss Matthew (Matty the Horse) Ianniello." "Capasso," notes Jack Newfield and Wayne Barrett, "was probably the only cheating husband in history who claimed to be spending his nights with a Mafia boss (Ianniello) when he was really having an affair with Miss America." (In 1998, Myerson donated money to the Anti-Defamation League to institute the "Bess Myerson Campus Journalism Awards," conceived by her as "an important tool in reaching students far and wide in the fight against hatred," encouraging "student journalists to think critically about interracial, interethnic, intercultural and inter-religious relations."

In 2001, a Jewish journal, the Forward, featured an article about shoplifting, using actress Winona Ryder, real estate heir Robert Durst, and Bess Myerson as examples of the Jewish wealthy who steal for psychological reasons. In one man's case, his "Holocaust" background is allowed to excuse his thieving behavior. "Sometimes," noted the article,

"the stressor [shoplifter under stress] can be very old. For example, Mr. [William] Chupchik -- who holds intervention seminars for what he calls 'atypical theft offenders' -- had a wealthy patient, a Holocaust survivor, who was arrested for  stealing a $15 pair of Dr. Scholl's insoles from a drug store. 'He had no reason, no excuse for the theft behavior,' he recalled. Still, as Mr. Cupchik spoke to the man about his past, he learned that the day of the theft was the 50th anniversary of his liberation from a concentration camp, when 'inmates were awakened at 3 a.m. and were forced to march, most of them without shoes, along a rock-laden rail line.' 'It was an anniversary reaction, manifested in atypical theft behavior,' Mr. Cupchik said." -

- "In 1997 the UJA-Federation of New York found itself in an in-house ethical controversy when James S. Tisch, whose family controls the Lorillard Tobacco corporation, was nominated to head the Jewish organization. "Morality, ethics, Jewish law against self-destruction and common sense," said fellow UJA board member Henry Everett," mandate that it would be repugnant for a tobacco executive to be cast as the president and role model of any Jewish federation." "On an ethical level," Alfred Munzer, a lung specialist and president of the American Lung Association told the New York Times, "a smoking executive is not fit to be the head of a social welfare agency." In 1994, James Tisch's brother, Andrew, who was then the CEO of Lorillard, stated in Congressional hearings that the widespread scientific information about the relationship between smoking and cancer "has not convinced me that smoking causes deaths." - "Several Jewish leaders," noted the Times, "who opposed Mr. Tisch's nomination asked not to be quoted, saying they were afraid that the Tisch family or the UJA-Federation might cut off their [economic] support to their groups ... Most of those who protested said they were concerned about the impact of the appointment [of Tisch] might have on the group's ability to raise money." Tisch was formally approved as the Jewish "role model" the next week.

In another ethical area, in the wake of the much-publicized Anita Hill sexual harassment charges in 1991, the Jewish Bulletin of Northern California ran a story written by the Associate Executive Vice President of the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council, Diana Aviv, and the Director of National Affairs for the American Jewish Committee, Gary Rubin. They complained that -

"sexual harassment is also rife within Jewish communal organizations. Since the [Hill] scandal broke, we have been inundated with stories from women who work within Jewish agencies, anxious to share their experiences of sexual harassment by lay and professional men ... These stories could be multiplied almost without end. All the women we spoke with believed that sexual harassment is endemic and deeply engrained in the Jewish community."

An echo of this has long been a problem in the psychotherapy and psychiatry worlds: the sexual exploitation of vulnerable patients by predatory therapists. Such fields, as evidenced earlier, are enormously overpopulated with Jewish men. ["That vast imperative of putative concern, psychiatry, is largely a Jewish monopoly." -- Kahn, Roger. The Passionate People, William Morris, Inc., 1968, p. 53 / "All over the world, Jews are drawn to the profession of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic therapy. The 1990 roster of the International Psychoanalytical Association reads like the membership list of a synagogue." -- Earl Hopper, Psychotherapy and the 'Jewish Experience.' European Judaism, Spring 1996. Rapes and other similar incidents are only sometimes reported by patients who have the courage to complain to authorities. A 1994 Boston Globe article noted the great scope of the problem, mentioning the cases against therapists Martin Teicher, Arthur Reider, Lionel Schwartz, Joel Feigon, Jacob Goldberg, Leonard Friedman, and others, including, in 1992, "several accused multiple offenders -- Sheldon D. Zigelbaum, Edward M. Daniels, and Stanley S. Kanter [who] either lost or gave up their licenses [to practice therapy] under pressure ... Though polls have shown that about 8 to 10 percent of psychiatrists admit to having sex with patients, many experts believe the actual frequency is higher, up to 25 percent. Many psychiatrists, they say, are not about to admit to such a clear violation [of therapists' ethical codes], even anonymously." Worse, as the Citizens' Commission on Human Rights noted:

"Although only ten percent of psychiatrists admit to sexually abusing patients, interestingly, 65 percent say new patients tell them of being abused sexually by their former psychiatrist. In other words, the 10 percent figure can be considered very, very low. In fact, in an article from the March 12, 1990 edition of U.S. News and World Report, experts put the figure at more like 25 percent, or one out of every four psychiatrists. And a 1973 study in California puts the figure at an astronomical 51 percent!" [CITIZENS' COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, 2001]

This organization estimates that there are 150,000 women "sexually abused by psychiatrists in the USA." 21,000 try to kill themselves, 1,500 DO kill themselves, and 16,000 end up hospitalized because of the harm caused to them." [CITIZENS' COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, 2001]

The innate difficulty of determining how widespread sexual abuse is in psychotherapy is noted by Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson: "Imagine attempting to find out how many men had raped by asking non-convicted rapists whether they were guilty of rape."

In 1993, another Jewish sexual predator, this one especially prominent, Dr. Jules Masserman, began making the news. Masserman has been called "the most prominent psychiatrist in the world." He had a resume of 432 articles and 16 books of his authorship. He was the past president of both the American Psychiatric Association and the American Academy of Psychoanalysts. He was also a vicious sexual predator, one who "admitted that he, over his 50-year career, drugged and sexually molested female patients in his office." [ROZNAFSZKY, p. 10F] Four women eventually accepted out-of-court settlements of claims against him. Eventually, a dozen women came forward to note similar sexual predations against them by Masserman. Former patient Barbara Noel even authored an entire volume about her experiences with the therapist, underscoring his control over her and the difficulties in getting anyone to initially believe her stories against such a powerful man.

For years, therapist sexual abuse of patients was kept hush in the secretive psychoanalytic community. As Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson noted in 1988:

"[The sexual exploitation of patients by therapists was] for many years ... almost never mentioned, except in private. I remember that one of the first seminars I attended when I was a candidate for psychoanalytic training was given by an elderly psychoanalyst from Montreal, who immediately informed us that a major part of his clinical practice consisted of analysts who had had sexual involvement with patients. He told us ten students that many of us, before our careers were finished, would become sexually involved with a patient. Before the [1970s] decade was over, an increasing body of literature addressed the subject. One reason, obviously, was that there were a number of landmark cases in which large awards were made to individuals who sued therapists. There is no sense in pretending to the general public that something never happened which is in the newspaper."

By the 1970s, for example, the psychoanalytic practice of John N. Rosen began making the news. Rosen was not obscure; articles about his therapy theories had appeared in various scholarly realms by himself and others. In 1983, he gave up his medical license rather than face trial on 67 counts of violations of the Pennsylvania Medical Practices Act. As part of "therapy," for example, patient Sally Zinman faced the following outrages:

"Without a word of explanation, [Rosen] and his main aide, an ex-Marine, tore off all of her clothes except her underpants and began beating her on the face and breasts (the aide held her down while Rosen beat her). She was then tied to her bed, still with no clothes on, and kept that way for 24 hours under close guard ... [Therapy also included Rosen] suggesting various 'delusions' to her and fondling her breasts when they were alone (often the sessions were in groups), and once even her vagina."

In the case of another patient, Janet Katkow, Rosen "took off his pants and boxer shorts down over his penis and commanded the plaintiff to suck on his penis." This Katkow was required to do "hundreds of times" over a seven year period. "This is what it is all about, this is when a baby is at peace," he told her. This patient was also forced to lick his anus "and orally take in as much of his feces as she could, which she did." Katkow was also directed to have cunnilingus with another woman and have sex with an impotent judge.

Rosen also had "numerous sexual relations" with patient Julia Blythe. Three other women eventually came forward with similar stories of abuse.

Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, a former psychoanalyst, became profoundly disillusioned with the field and notes, in his volume entitled Against Therapy, the disturbing undercurrent of such stories, that such abuses are part of a perversely authoritarian doctor-patient relationship that is the foundation of the psychoanalytic world itself:

"Is Rosen an exception or is there something about psychotherapy, something in the very nature of psychotherapy, that tends toward abuses? A prison warden, a slaveholder, and a psychotherapist have in common the desire to control another person."

In late 2000, the Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles noted with concern a number of newsworthy cases of sexual abuse by rabbis:

"For those who look up to the American Jewish clergy, it has not been a good year. Last week, one of the Reform movement's most prominent rabbis was suspended from the rabbinical movement for past sexual misconduct ...Rabbi Sheldon Zimmerman, widely respected as a Jewish thinker and teacher, resigned as president of the movement's Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion ... The wave of incidents is refocusing on an issue that has come into public view only in recent years. In the past, rabbinical misconduct -- particularly sexual misconduct -- was rarely discussed publicly. Many advocates for victims complained that rabbinical associations were more interested in protecting their members than the people they hurt."

Also noted in the article is the sexual harassment "by the late charismatic Orthodox leader, Rabbi Shlomo Carlebach," a Reform rabbi in New Jersey who "allegedly hired people to murder his wife," a "Conservative Cantor in the Chicago area [who] was arrested ... for alleged involvement in a prostitution ring," and a "New York rabbi working for [the Orthodox Union's] national youth group [who allegedly] sexually harassed and molested teens."

In 1996, a Los Angeles Jewish showpiece, the Skirball Cultural Center and Museum (a $65 million cultural center created by Israeli architect Moshe Safdie and founded by Israeli-born president and CEO Uri Herscher), named Robert Kirschner as its Program Director despite his past as the former rabbi of one of northern California's pre-eminent synagogues, Temple Emanu-El in San Francisco. Kirschner resigned his rabbinical post there in 1992 after four women (eventually a total of twelve) came forward with complaints of the rabbi's sexual misconduct, "involving," he publicly apologized, "sexual relations outside my marriage." At least three of the women reportedly "reached settlements with the temple's insurance policy." [LA TIMES, 11-2-96, p. B4]

In 2000, the Miami-Dade Public Schools district paid a million dollar settlement to five women, four of them teachers, who charged that Michael Exelbart, the principal of a school for the handicapped, had sexually harassed them. Two had been "coerced" into sex, including at the site of "a conservative Jewish temple in Kendall where Exelbart was an officer." Exelbart wasn't fired, and continued to make $80,000 a year at another position.

In April 2001, Jerrold M. Levy, a rabbi at Temple Beth El in Florida, was arrested for "online solicitation of a juvenile" over the Internet. The synagogue had hired him as an associate rabbi in 1992, even though it was known by those hiring him that he had been arrested on a past sex-related charge:

"Levi mentioned a prior arrest when interviewing in 1992 for associate rabbi at Temple Beth El in Boca Raton ... He had pleaded no-contest to a sex-related case involving an undercover police officer in St. Louis-area public restroom ... Temple leaders decided to give Levy the job anyway, based on his record as a rabbi, lawyer and member of their synagogue community."

"He's a wonderful person," said David Beale (the synagogue's vice-president for education and youth) after the rabbi's arrest, "and he conveys love and Judaism to all who come in contact with him." During the yearly Purim celebration, noted the South Florida Sun-Sentinel, "Levy helped lead the service dressed as the cookie monster."

Two weeks later, in the Boston area, also in April 2001, Eric Hindin was charged with "two counts of rape of a child, two counts of indecent assault and battery, and two counts of statutory rape." Hindin had sexually assaulted and videotaped the crimes with two boys, one of whom "he was matched with through a Jewish Big Brother organization."

In 1981, the four-term (1968-81) Brooklyn District Attorney, Eugene Gold, "announced he would not seek re-election and planned to devote himself to Jewish charitable causes." In 1983, he was charged with "unlawful sexual conduct" in a hotel with a 10-year old girl. In return for probation, Gold pleaded guilty and would seek "psychiatric treatment in Israel, where he had a home." [NY TIMES, 10-21-83] In 1992, Sol Wachtler, "chief judge of New York state's Court of Appeals, one of the most prestigious courts in the United States, resigned ... [He was] the central figure in a scandal involving sex, blackmail and kidnapping threats ... Before his arrest, he was frequently mentioned as a possible candidate for the governor of New York state." The object of Wachtler's sexual attentions and threats was Joy Silverman (a former lover), whose personal friend at the FBI put 80 agents on the case to nab him.

In 1995, Frederick Werbell, a rabbi who co-wrote "a best-selling Holocaust book" (Lost Hero: The Mystery of Raul Wallenberg), pleaded guilty to "second-degree sexual abuse" of his cleaning lady. "He sprang naked from the bathroom of his Eastside apartment, grabbed his 39-year old housekeeper and fondled her." He had earlier been sentenced to 17 months in jail for grabbing a woman he was interviewing in his apartment for a job as a receptionist." In 2001, Rabbi Pinchas Lew, a Chasidic Lubavitcher (ultra-Orthodox) -

"was arrested on misdemeanor assault charges ... after a woman accused him of repeatedly touching his genitals in front of her. The woman, a housekeeper in Lew's home, reportedly said Lew had bolted all the doors and that she feared he planned to assault her. She managed to escape through a back door ... Lew, married with five children, led religious study and frequently held services in his home for college students ... Members of the community had had just learned of Lew's conviction for his part in an Iowa armed robbery 10 years ago ... After the local community learned about [this] incident, more than 100 members of the local Jewish community attended a meeting to hear Lew talk about his criminal past. Coincidentally, that meeting occurred on the same day he allegedly assaulted the woman in his home."

Lew is a member of a prominent Chabad family -- "his father was second in command of Chabad in London, a key post in worldwide Lubavitch." The national Chabad community stunned the judge in providing the required $200,000 bond for the arrested and jailed man. This, notes, Stephen Bloom, was based on the Jewish tradition that "observant Jews are compelled to post bail that will allow a fellow Jew 'imprisoned unjustly' to be released. Called in Hebrew pidyon shevuyim, the 'ranson of captives' is a particular obligation of the Hasidic community." Lew's criminal accomplice was fellow Chabad member Philip Stillman who robbed a small town popcorn vendor and shot a grandmother at point-blank range after taking her money. Stillman reportedly accepted an offer from two rabbis to accept a bribe to accept full blame for the crimes. Lev, despite an original sentencing of ten years in prison, was merely put on probation. The judge told a journalist that he was influenced and "impressed by many of the Jews who came [to the Lew trial]. The courtroom had a significant number of rabbis. They were very intellectual individuals. "If the crime had stunned the locals [of Iowa]," says Stephen Bloom, "the double standard of punishment for Stillman and Lev took their breath away." Marion Bakken, the woman who was shot, survived and was awarded $1.6 million as settlement for her injuries. She has never been paid.

Secular Jewish journalist Stephen Bloom believes that ultra-Orthodox disdain for Gentiles contributed to the robberies and attempted murder:

"The attitude shared by many Postville Hasidim toward the locals nourished a destructive environment of contempt and scorn providing a setting for Stillman and Lew. While the Hasids would not encourage unprovoked violence against gentiles, their everyday us-against-them mentality helped set the stage for two cocky followers to fantasy into reality. For more than a year, the Hasidic Jews' imperious attitude toward the Postville locals had stuck in my craw. As a Jew, I was embarrassed by their take-it-or-leave-it mentality."

In 1995, a rabbi's assistant, Yehuda Friedlander, pleaded guilty to the charge of sexually molesting a 15-year-old girl sitting beside him, alone, on an international plane flight. He had also had an earlier arrest for a sexual crime in 1991. A rabbi with him, Israel Grunwald, the leader of New York's Pupa ultra-Orthodox community, was also accused of sexually harassing the girl. He remained under investigation as Friedlander accepted blame. According to the affidavit filed against both men, substantiated by another passenger who witnessed the incident, Grunwald first fondled the girl's breast, then exchanged seats with Friedlander, who violated her further as she protested and resisted under a blanket, trying to sleep. The two men were returning from Australia where Grunwald had lectured about the Talmud. Later, "about 15 supporters from New York and Los Angeles," noted the Los Angeles Times, "attended the court hearings chanting from prayer books as they waited for the proceedings to begin." [BOXALL/KENNEDY, p. B1; and LOS ANGELES TIMES, 11-1-95, p. B4]

In 1999, Ze'ev Kopolovitch, a rabbi and the principal of Netiv Meir, an all-male yeshiva high school in Israel, was accused of sexually abusing 19 students from 1991-1997. The most disturbing part of the case, noted the Jerusalem Post, was that "investigators say Kopolovitch's alleged behavior was known within the school for several years and tolerated by the governing hierarchy of the religious Zionist movement." In 2001, a "part-time synagogue sexton" in Jerusalem was convicted "for sexually assaulting children who went to synagogue to pray with him ... At least three children were involved, with one, the 13-year-old, being the son of another synagogue official. That boy was so disturbed by the sexual abuse that he took up drugs, and the sexton then exploited that knowledge to blackmail the youth into more sexual intercourse. The other two children were subject to his fondling, often on the back porch of the synagogue during prayers, in exchange for sweets."

In 2001, Chabad rabbi Mordechai Yomtov, a teacher at Cheder Menachem grade school in Los Angeles, was jailed on $500,000 bail for "ten felony counts of committing lewd acts with children ... Yomtov was keeping [three boys] alone in the classroom and molesting them while the other children were at recess."

In 2000, John Douglas Wynn was arrested for molesting a 12-year old boy in the spa at California's Palo Alto Jewish Community Center. [SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE, 5-18-2000, p. A18] In 2000 an unnamed young Jewish woman came forward to press criminal charges against Rabbi Baruch Lanner, the religious director of the National Conference of Synagogue Youth (NCSY), an Orthodox youth group. She claimed she was molested by Lanner on a daily basis for eight months beginning in 1995. Lanner, noted the Jewish Week, "is widely regarded as one of the most brilliant, dynamic and charismatic educators in Jewish life today ... Reports have continued to circulate that he has harassed, if not abused, many scores of teens sexually, physically and/or emotionally, from the early 1970s to the present ... Those who have elected to tell their stories say they are motivated by anger and frustration over the refusal of the OU, the national central body of Orthodox synagogues, to act decisively on repeated complaints about Rabbi Lanner's behavior."

In 2001, two U.S. Congressmen, Tom Lantos and Edolphus Towns were "snookered" into defending an Argentine yoga school against alleged "anti-Semitic" elements (about "50 percent of those involved were of the Jewish faith"). Towns introduced a formal resolution condemning "discrimination against yoga enthusiasts by the Argentine government. In the resolution he linked bombing of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires six years ago to a long pattern of Argentine anti-Semitism." As Insight on the News notes, however,

"The Congressmen may have been snookered by those accusations of anti-Semitism. Their lofty resolution failed to mention some of the other 'practices' of the Escuela de Yoga. According to reports, the learning center, run by a certain Juan Percowicz, teaches lessons that are 'sui generis,' in that they involve practices that most people would call 'sexual freedom.' There have even been some allegations of child exploitation, which local police were compelled to investigate. Since its founding in the 1980s, the school has been raided by the police more than 300 times. Other charges brought against it include assault and petty larceny."

In 1998, 19-year old model Linor Abargil was named "Miss World." Seven weeks earlier she had been raped at knife-point by an Israeli travel agent, Shlomo Nour. [USA TODAY, 1-20-99] "The 51st year of the Jewish state," noted the Jewish Advocate, "seems to be shaping up as the Year of the Sexual Assault. Or perhaps, more properly, the year when sexual assault is coming out of the closet. Coming out with a vengeance. In the first six months of 1998, rape was up 22% over the previous year ... Teen rape, child rape, homo-sexual rape, rape in the military, intra-family rape, we run the gamut." In 1999, an "expanding" sexual harassment scandal broke out in the Israeli Ministry for Religious Affairs, centering on the division's comptroller, Yehiya Paruz. [SINAI, 1999] That same year, the Los Angeles Times noted that "Long a taboo topic, or dismissed as something women simply had to put up with, sexual harassment in the [Israeli] military is now openly discussed in Israel, thanks to high-profile cases, new rules and a handful of crusading activists. More and more women are coming forward to denounce abuse."

In 2000, the head of the Defense Ministry's publishing unit, Amnon Tzabari, was charged with sexual harassment for "performing lewd acts on four female workers in his office." This followed disciplinary actions against "long-time ministry spokesman" Dan Weinrich and, in a separate case, the head of the Defense Ministry's media section, Shachar Halevi. "The situation became so bad," noted the Jerusalem Post, "that ministry Director-General Arno Yam gathered all senior officials and warned he was going to uproot the phenomenon." In 2001, a parliamentary aide to Israeli MK (member of Knessset/Parliament) Ayoub Kara publicly accused him or raping her. Ayoub is Prime Minister Sharon's "liason to Israeli Arabs." [JERUSALEM POST, 2-28-01] In 2000, Israel's Transport Minister, Yitzhak Mordechai, "who deputizes for [Israeli Prime Minister Ehud] Barak in his absence, suspended himself pending an investigation into accustions that he sexually assaulted a female civil servant." In 2001, the director general of the Israel Journalists' Union, Tuvya Sa'ar, was "arrested on suspicion of having intercourse with a minor and coercing her for sexual favors ... In one instance ... he is suspected of promising the girl an appearance on the TV channel for children because of his connections there." Sa'ar is the former director of Israel TV. Along these general themes, see also historical Jewish pre-eminence in the international prostition trade, and Jewish dominance of the pornography business (in the Mass Media chapter]

Another ethical in-house controversy in the Jewish organizational community -- in this case, involving environmental morality -- arose in Houston when Charles Hurwitz, a UJA-Federation official, was noted for his role as a majority stockholder in Maxxam, the company that owns Pacific Lumber which environmentalists were fighting for its plans to cut down some of the last remaining old growth Redwood trees on private land in California. As Benjamin Stein notes, "Charles Hurwitz's catastrophic takeover of Pacific Lumber.... resulted in some of the worst environmental atrocities of all time against first-growth redwood trees." Hurwitz's Maxxam rules over 110 subsidiaries, including Kaiser Aluminum, McCullough Oil, and Simplicity Patterns. By 1999, Hurwitz had spent $20 million defending himself against two Federal agencies, government lawsuits that charged that "Texas billionaire Charles Hurwitz bought Kaiser Aluminum with money made while illegally driving a savings and loan into bankruptcy." Hurwitz had purchased United Savings of Texas in 1984, "raided it for cash," and then let it fail in "reckless disregard for the law." The failure cost U.S. taxpayers $1.6 billion.

In 1999, environmentalists created an activist alliance against Maxxam with a steelworker union which had begun a strike against Kaiser. "I don't think there's a corporation anywhere else in the U.S. that's at the epicenter of so many social issues as Maxxam," said steelworker union official David Foster.

Then there is David Koch. Koch heads Koch Industries,

"a conglomerate with major oil and gas holdings, [which] is the second-largest privately-held company in the United States. It is also the recipient of the largest civil fine ever imposed on a corporation for violating federal environmental laws. During the 1990s, the company's leaky pipelines were responsible for more than 300 oil spills in five states ... Last fall, Koch Industries and four employees were indicted on 97 counts of violating federal clean air and hazardous waste laws. Government prosecutors accuse the company of intentionally releasing fumes from benzene -- a suspected carcinogen -- into the atmosphere and then lying about it to state

regulators in Texas. If convicted, the company could be fined up to $352 million." [MOTHER JONES, 5-3-01]

Samuel Heyman owns 98% of the giant manufacturing firm GAF. As Mother Jones magazine noted about the company:

"Last year, if the Asbestos Compensation Act had passed Congress, Heyman would have profited handsomely from his anonymity. The bill -- drafted by a Harvard law professor hired by GAF -- would have denied or delayed compensation to thousands of victims of asebestos-related diseases, cost tax-payers as much as $150 million a year, and provided 'unwarranted benefits to asbestos companies,' according to the U. S. Justice Department. As a former manufacturer of asbestos-laden building products, GAF found itself in a crushing legal avalanche.' [MOTHER JONES, 5-3-01]

Likewise, in the pantheon of prominent Jewish organization leaders, there was the case of (the Jewish) Moment magazine's "donor of the month," Bernie Marcus, for his donation of $15 million to the Atlanta UJA fundraising campaign. Marcus, the CEO of Home Depot, only weeks earlier lost an Oakland jury verdict of $1.6 million in damages against his company for "sexual discrimination and retaliation." A class action lawsuit for $65 million also was settled against Home Depot for sex discrimination. [ARON, M.] "A trustee-for-life of the Atlanta Jewish Federation," notes Mother Jones magazine,

"Marcus says he has integrated Judaic principles into what he likes to call the 'Home Depot family.' For him, helping people understand Judaism is a matter of marketing. 'I think a lot of it has to do with selling,' he says, 'You've got  to sell the beauties of Judaism." [MOTHER JONES, 5-3-01]

In March 1998, the head of the World Jewish Congress, Edgar Bronfman, also president and CEO of the family-controlled Seagram and Universal Studios, was awarded a conspicuously dubious honor (the Seagram fortune was built to power by the Bronfmans during prohibition, with considerable collusion with Detroit's criminal Jewish Purple Gang who smuggled alcohol over to Windsor). "A bipartisan political group," noted the Financial Times of London, "launched a new campaign aimed at embarrassing one of the leading lights of the entertainment business. The first ever "Silver Sewer' award, in recognition of its 'outrageous contribution to the degradation and coarsening of our culture and its unswerving dedication to the pursuit of profit above principle' [was awarded in abstention to Bronfman]."

Of particular note to the judges was the Bronfman ownership and promotion of the decadent The Jerry Springer [who is Jewish] Show on television and Marilyn Manson, "perhaps the most shocking of the 'shock rock' groups." William Bennett, a former cabinet member in the Reagan and Bush White Houses, decried Seagrams as "the leading perpetrators of cultural rot" in America. Seagrams is noteworthy for many dubious honors, including the fact that in 1997 it "started airing TV commercials for its Crown Royal Whiskey in scattered markets across the United States. The commercials broke a voluntary ban on television advertising that the liquor companies had imposed on themselves in 1948."

In 2001, Irv Rubin, head of the Jewish Defense League, and an associate, Earl Krugel, were arrested by the FBI for plotting to bomb the Los Angeles King Fahd Mosque and the office of Arab-American Congressmen Darrell Issa.

In 1997, the United Jewish Appeal went out of its way to shame the Jewish community by awarding its "Humanitarian of the Year" award to (non-Jewish) media mogul Rupert Murdoch [Ron: Arguably Rupert Murdoch IS a Khazarian Jew as his mother is a Jew living in Melbourne, Australia.] at a fund-raising dinner that raised $2.3 million for the organization. Mother Jones magazine wondered about the surreal moral reasoning behind the award: "The media baron is better known to labor and human rights groups for his union-busting and for catering to the Chinese government (in 1994 he yanked the BBC off his Asian satellite network because officials in Beijing were angered by its reporting on Chinese human rights violations)."

"By what criteria has the UJA chosen the worldwide robber baron for this years' award over, say, Radovan Karadzic [accused of war crimes in Bosnia], or perhaps Larry Flynt [the pornographer]?" wondered Eric Alterman in the Nation, "... Rupert Murdoch of Fox News was chosen, the UJA says, for his 'longtime support of the security of the state of Israel, his friendship for the Jewish people, and his support of UJA." The Australian-born Murdoch had earlier been honored in 1982 as the "Communications Man of the Year" by the American Jewish Congress. He was presented that award by AJC president Howard Squadron, who was also Murdoch's American lawyer, his guide to visit right-wing politician Ariel Sharon in Israel, and an opinion page writer for Murdoch's New York Post. [GOLDSTEIN, T, p. 69; KIERNAN, T., 1986, p. 262] "The Jewish national cause is one that is extremely important to me, to my family, and to my company," Murdoch told the UJA audience, "... We're also in Israel [Murdoch has investments there] because of my faith in the integrity and worthiness of the Zionist undertaking. I have been accused of being pro-Israel, pro-Zionist, pro-Jewish -- charges to which I plead guilty."

Matti Golan, a former Israeli government official, calls the massive American Jewish organizational ring to raise money for itself and Israel the "Money Machine." American Jews, notes Golan, have "created a ruthless, well-oiled machine whose only aim is to collect money and ... will do anything to do so. Every year [American Jewish leaders get] a higher quota to meet and ... stop at nothing to meet it. If you can't meet your quota, you're out. The only gauge of success, the one bottom line, is how many dollars you've brought in."

In 1999, Jewish billionaire Henry Samueli was presented an award by a prominent Jewish American organization. As the Los Angeles Times noted this honor;

"The Orange County chapter of the American Jewish Committee will present him with its National Human Relations Award ... He's happy to be honored, Samueli said, but he was surprised to find out that a donation to the Committee was part of the package."

Even Alan Dershowitz concedes that "Jewish organizations sometimes honor the wealthy without inquiry into the sources of their wealth. We sometimes do not make the effort to see what is plainly before our eyes. We are blinded by the facade of money ... "

This worldview, so common in the Jewish community, was heralded as an emulative value for Americans at-large in 1995 by a Jewish professor at the University of Chicago, Daniel Fischel, who espoused it -- not surprisingly -- in his book, Payback: The Conspiracy to Destroy Michael Milken and His Financial Revolution, published prominently by HarperCollins. Fischel's introductory paragraph to begin his defense of Milken's vast corruption machine deserves to be quoted in full, as sum of both his book and a widespread moral viciousness so much at stake here:

"Why have the 1980s been so uniformly condemned as the 'decade of greed?' For that matter, what does this disparaging characteristic even mean? The decade's many critics who pontificate against evils of greed have seen no need to define the term. Dictionary definitions of greed -- 'inordinate desire for wealth' or desire for wealth, or the dividing line between one's 'proper' or 'improper' share? With no answers to these questions, how can we possibly know when an individual, let alone a whole country, is guilty of 'greed?' And even if we could somehow identify 'greedy' behavior, why should we care?"

_________________________________________________________________

It is nigh impossible to be elected to any office without Jewish support. Bushes had it, Clinton, Obama, New York Mayors, Governors, Federal Reserve and FDIC board members, etc. They are the largest and most influential lobbyists in the US.

A little about the 9-11 Mayor of New York.

Rudy Giuliani, a staunch Jewish supporter is also a strong defender of a barbaric practice known as partial birth abortion where a living, fully developed unborn baby's brains are sucked out of its skull with a vacuum tube.

While Jews own most of America's abortion clinics they do not condone or tolerate abortions for Jews! But then again if you're not Jewish...you're just a much loathed gentile, whom they only enslave! So much money and power for a creed of people with less than 15 million people or 0.05% of the world's population. Should we believe that all of these factors are merely coincidently?

But that is just the beginning of his extreme left-wing positions: Giuliani is pro-Sodomite, pro-Third World immigration and anti-Second Amendment.

Every year as New York's mayor, Giuliani marched in the Sodomite parade down Fifth Avenue with all of the transvestites, the sadomasochistic freaks wearing Nazi helmets, and the child molesters of the National Man Boy Love Association (NAMBLA).

Rudy Giuliani dresses in drag as JFK/RFK mistress Marilyn Monroe

Giuliani himself dressed in "drag" - he wore a dress, a wig, makeup and lipstick - on more than one occasion.

Giuliani married his first cousin and then pulled all types of strings to get the marriage annulled by the Catholic Church. (Catholics are not allowed to divorce, and so "annulment" of a marriage is sometimes used to end an unwanted union.)

Giuliani then married his second wife, Donna Hanover, who starred in the evil pornographic and child-molesting play, The Vagina Monologues. In the play, a grown woman has a lesbian, child-molesting relationship with a 13-year-old girl. Rudy is one sick old man.

Giuliani then openly cheated on his second wife, parading around the city with his adulterous mate, Judith Nathan. Giuliani even wanted to bring his adulterous mate into the Mayor's official residence in Gracie Mansion to openly live with him. He did not care that his young son Andrew was living there and would have seen his father together with his adulterous partner every day.

Finally, Giuliani sought to divorce his second wife. This time, he did not seek an "annulment," he openly sought a divorce.

When the Giulianis separated, it was said he moved into the apartment of an AIDS-infected homosexual "couple" whom he had befriended.

The Jewish Factor

A little about New York's present mayor;

Michael Bloomberg was born to a Jewish family of Russian and Polish descent at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, in the Brighton neighborhood of Boston on February 14, 1942. His father, William Henry Bloomberg, born in Chelsea, Massachusetts on January 19, 1906, was the son of Alexander "Elick" Bloomberg, a Russian Jewish immigrant and a real estate agent. His mother, Charlotte Bloomberg (nee Rubens), born January 2, 1909 in New Jersey, was the daughter of a Russian immigrant and a New Jersey-born mother.

Bloomberg was a general partner at Salomon Brothers when he was let go in 1981 after a merger; that same year he founded Innovative Market Systems (later Bloomberg LP). The new subscription service wired real-time financial data, research and news reports directly into dedicated terminals in business offices. As these "Bloomberg terminals" flourished, he expanded into television, radio, publishing and the Internet; Bloomberg News, launched in 1990, became a prominent financial news source. His successes made Bloomberg a billionaire and made his name synonymous with business information. He shifted gears in 2001, running for New York mayor as a Republican and defeating Democrat Michael Green just two months after the attacks of 11 September 2001. He was reelected in 2005. In 2008 he said he wanted to run for a third term, and would ask the New York city council to overturn the existing two-term mayoral limit. Bloomberg graduated from Johns Hopkins University in 1964 with a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, then earned an MBA from Harvard Business School in 1966. His 1997 autobiography was titled Bloomberg by Bloomberg. The title should have been "How to Become a Billionaire with Insider Trading."

Bloomberg is New York City's 108th mayor... His middle name is Rubens; it is his mother's maiden name... He was a Democrat for many years before switching to the Republican party shortly before his run for mayor. In 2007 he left the Republican party and registered as an independent... He founded his business as Innovative Market Systems in 1981; it was renamed Bloomberg LP in 1986... Bloomberg was married to the former Susan Brown from 1975 until their divorce in 1993. They had two daughters, Emma (b. 1979) and Georgina (b. 1983)... Bloomberg Radio went on the air in 1993... Bloomberg TV went live on cable in 1994... Bloomberg.com went online in 1995.

He is, of course, a strong supporter of the Patriot Act, which is used exclusively to by-pass the people's constitutional rights. He is also, as are all Jews, a staunch supporter of abortions for non Jews. He is naturally a firm believer in free trade...global banks...equal global trade. He was totally against providing pensions for the retirement of city or state workings after putting in their years, as it was quite common for police, firemen, etc. to retire as soon as they had completed 20 years on the job.

Bloomberg strongly supported the war in Iraq and the rationale for going in. He stated, "Don't forget that the war started not very many blocks from here" alluding to Ground Zero. In which Iraq had absolutely nothing to do with. MS.

Mayor Bloomberg is often a proponent of large-scale development. He has repeatedly come down in favor of projects such as the Atlantic Yards mega-development, the Hudson Yards redevelopment, and the Harlem rezoning proposal. This has led to a negative response from the preservationist community. On smaller-scale issues, Bloomberg typically takes the side of development as well. He favors the demolition of Admiral's Row in order to build a supermarket parking lot. "Politics, money, development, 9-11, wars, deprivation of people's rights, wall street...so nicely packaged!"

Harassment controversies

Bloomberg has on numerous occasions been accused of sexually harassing men and women under his employment, which he has denied. In 1997, a former Bloomberg L.P. employee who became pregnant while employed filed a lawsuit accusing Bloomberg of saying "Kill it!" and "great, No. 16", which may have been a reference to the number of pregnant women in the company. In December 2008, Portfolio magazine published a story: "Mayor Bloomberg's Delicate Condition", which reported that in September 2007, the EEOC filed a class-action lawsuit against Bloomberg's company on behalf of three women who worked on the business side, plus a group of women who worked at Bloomberg's company between 2002 and the present. The article said the plaintiffs "now total 72, out of about 500 women who took maternity leave during that time, a high percentage, according to the agency"

Michael Bloomberg visiting Munkacs Hasidic Jewish sect in Brooklyn in 2004

Political Career, Changing Parties and buying elections

Bloomberg even managed to have the 2 term limit overturned in 2008, allowing him to remain Mayor of NY for a 3rd consecutive term. How convenient? It's all about wealth and powerful friends. Notice his little Jewish cap and where do these people buy those atrocious hats? Orthodox Jews, such as represented in this photo, are raised to detest Gentiles, non Jewish, and with this in mind...they are determined to establish a one world power giving them complete control of the globes finance and resources?

In 2001, the incumbent mayor of New York, Rudy Giuliani, was ineligible for re-election, as the city limited the mayoralty to two consecutive terms. Several well-known New York City politicians aspired to succeed him. Bloomberg, a lifelong member of the Democratic Party, decided to run for mayor as a member of the Republican Party ticket.

Voting in the primary began on the morning of September 11, 2001. The primary was postponed later that day. In the rescheduled primary, Bloomberg defeated Herman Badillo, a former Congressman, to become the Republican nominee. Meanwhile, the Democratic primary did not produce a first-round winner. After a runoff, the Democratic nomination went to New York City Public Advocate Mark J. Green.

In the general election, Bloomberg received Giuliani's endorsement. He also had a huge spending advantage. Although New York City's campaign finance law restricts the amount of contributions which a candidate can accept, Bloomberg chose not to use public campaign funds and therefore his campaign was not subject to these restrictions. He spent $73 million of his own money on his campaign, outspending Green by five to one. One of the major themes of his campaign was that, with the city's economy suffering from the effects of the World Trade Center attacks, it needed a mayor with business experience.

In addition to being the Republican nominee, Bloomberg had the ballot line of the controversial Independence Party, in which "Social Therapy" leaders Fred Newman and Lenora Fulani exert strong influence. Some say that endorsement was important, as Bloomberg's votes on that line exceeded his margin of victory over Green. (Under New York's fusion rules, a candidate can run on more than one party's line and combine all the votes received on all lines. Green, the Democrat, also had the ballot line of the Working Families Party. Bloomberg also created an independent line called Students First whose votes were combined with those on the Independence line). Another factor was the vote in Staten Island, which has traditionally been far friendlier to Republicans than the rest of the city. Bloomberg crushed Green in that borough, taking 75% of the vote there. Overall, Bloomberg won 50% to 48%.

Bloomberg's election marked the first time in New York City history that two different Republicans had been elected mayor consecutively. New York City has not been won by a Republican in a statewide or presidential election since 1984. He is considered a social liberal, who is pro-choice, in favor of legalizing same-sex marriage and an advocate for stricter gun control laws.

Despite the fact that 68 percent of New York City's registered voters are Democrats, Bloomberg decided the city should host the 2004 Republican National Convention. The Convention drew thousands of protesters, many of them local residents angry over the Iraq war and other issues. The Police Department arrested approximately 1,800 protesters, but according to The New York Times, more than 90 percent of the cases were later dismissed or dropped for lack of evidence.

2004 Republican National Convention

During the 2004 presidential election campaign, New York City hosted the Republican National Convention at which Bloomberg endorsed President George W. Bush for President of the United States.

2005 election

Main article: New York City mayoral election, 2005

Bloomberg was re-elected mayor in November 2005 by a margin of 20%, the widest margin ever for a Republican mayor of New York.

He spent over $1 million on his campaign by late October 2005, and was projected to exceed the record of $74 million he had spent on the previous election. In late 2004 or early 2005, he gave the Independence Party $250,000 to fund a phone bank seeking to recruit volunteers for his re-election campaign.

Former Bronx Borough President Fernando Ferrer won the Democratic nomination to oppose Bloomberg in the general election. Thomas Ognibene sought to run against Bloomberg in the Republican Party's primary election. Bloomberg's campaign successfully challenged enough of the signatures Ognibene had submitted to the Board of Elections to prevent Ognibene from appearing on ballots for the Republican primary. Instead, Ognibene ran only on the Conservative Party ticket. Ognibene accused Bloomberg of betraying Republican Party ideals, a feeling echoed by others.

Bloomberg opposed the confirmation of John Roberts as Chief Justice of the United States. Though a Republican at the time, Bloomberg is a staunch supporter of abortion rights and did not believe that Roberts was committed to maintaining Roe v. Wade.

In addition to receiving Republican support, Bloomberg obtained the endorsements of several prominent Democrats: former Jewish Democratic Mayor Ed Koch, former Democratic governor Hugh Carey, former Democratic City Council Speaker Peter Vallone, his son, Councilman Peter Vallone, Jr., former Democratic Congressman Floyd Flake (who had previously endorsed Bloomberg in 2001), and Brooklyn Borough President Marty Markowitz.

Running for President or perhaps Vice President in 2008?

At the same time as the presidential run was being considered, there was also some speculation that Bloomberg could be a candidate for the vice presidency in 2008. In a blog posting of June 21, 2007, The Politico's Ben Smith asked the question of whether a VP candidate can self-finance an entire presidential ticket. Many believed that Bloomberg would in fact be legally permitted to self-finance a campaign as the VP candidate.

Adding more fuel to the speculation that Bloomberg might consider a VP slot were a series of meetings he had in mid-August 2007 with former Georgia Senator Sam Nunn, a Democrat who had considered running as an independent, and later with Barack Obama on 30 November 2007. A breakfast meeting with John McCain on May 17, 2008 led to speculation that Bloomberg may be on McCain's short list of possible VP candidates. The party was worried about the possible difficulties of backing a Jewish candidate, so he backed off.

Third term election proposal and passage, which is in violation of our constitution.

Deciding he may not win the 2008 Presidency election, or be selected for Vice presidency; On October 2, 2008, Bloomberg announced that he would seek to extend the city's term limits law and run for a third mayoral term in 2009, arguing that a leader of his field is needed during the Wall Street financial crisis. "Handling this financial crisis while strengthening essential services ... is a challenge I want to take on," (even though just eight years earlier he rejected Giuliani's bid for a 3rd term in the aftermath of 9/11 stating no one person is indispensable) Bloomberg told at a news conference. "So should the City Council vote to amend term limits, I plan to ask New Yorkers to look at my record of independent leadership and then decide if I have earned another term." Bloomberg to run for office again. After two days of public hearings, Bloomberg signed the bill into law on November 3. A federal lawsuit was filed one week later, challenging the new legislation. One critic declared that Bloomberg's tactics in seeking a third term, along with his failure to foresee the Wall Street crisis at the same time his policies were making the City more dependent on finance, real estate and tourism, are proof that Bloomberg is unfit for the job.

America's Jewish lawmakers and bankers control our economy, our laws, our politicians and our money.

The New York Banking Authority and the World Council of Orthodox Jews;

Blackmail The Banks of Switzerland.

The world's financial crisis all seems to be tied to Israeli and the globe's wealthy Jews. The US Federal Reserve, Orthodox Jews and powerful legal groups demanded that the private banks of Switzerland open their records or be quickly banned from doing any business with American companies, banks or trusts. The reason behind this demand were thousands of claims filed by the Jews for being deprived of owed funds stolen by the Nazis in WW11. The Federal Reserve's excuse was that Americans were hiding billions to avoid paying taxes.

On Dec 5, 1997 The New York Banking Authority issued a Consent Decree to force the Swiss banks, UBS and SBC, into compliance.

With the Americans grievances against the Swiss banks they managed to pass sanctions. Losing control of their own banking industry the Swiss then decided to merge the country's 2 main banks, UBS and SBC. Together they would form the world's 2nd largest bank with assets over 595 billion dollars, which would make the Americans give second thought about their sanctions. The drawback was if they wanted to continue operating in the USA, as 25% of their banking business was there, they would have to get approval by the governing bodies of New York, The Banking Department and the Federal Reserve, both controlled by the Jews. This was not welcoming news and the Reserve needed a viable reason to fight the merger and they found it. During an investigation it was soon discovered that a trader with UBS and SBC in London, Romy Goldstein, a Jewish Israeli, had been responsible for the loss of 100's of millions in bad trades. The Swiss then made another mistake...making anti-semitic statements again Romy. A definite no-no in this day and age of Jewish protectionism. Added to that was the old cliché of coveting Nazi gold stolen from the Jews was reason enough for the Feds to bar the merger. They proclaimed it was a privilege to do business in America...not a right. Which is actually incorrect under international business laws.

Of course the heavy weighs Paul Volker, Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan and the New York Jewish Governor, Ben Pataki joined forces to block the merger until the Swiss banks disclosed all their banking records and agreed to cover all of the Jewish monetary claims. Facing such powerful opponents the Swiss had little choice but to comply. The Americans held the sanctions over their heads and were unconditionally threatening to carry them out if the Swiss didn't stop prolonging the record releases and payments to the claimants. When the news that the Swiss banks may no longer be able to do business in the US, their shares plummeted.

On Feb. 27, 198 the Centers legal Council, Hausfeld and Wiesenthal, a Jewish law firm along with advisory to the suit, Mary Mendelsohn traveled to Costa Mesa, California for a 1 day symposium at Whittier Law School on the issues. They met with Rabbi Marvin Hier, dean of the Simon Wiesenthal center near Los Angeles. Their intentions were to get Mr. Fong to support them in the sanctions. Fong was reluctant, but after several calls of assurance that he would get the full support of the Jewish Leaders...he agreed to impose the sanctions. he hastily prepared and sent a letter to the Swiss banking Authorities with strong threats of reprisals, sanctions and more if they did not agree to settle the suits within 90 days.

The Swiss Government got involved and immediately started making their own threats of boycotts, involving any and all American businesses operating or planning to do so in their country. They stated loud and quite clearly they would not be blackmailed. The response somewhat confused and shocked the New Yorkers, whom promptly soften their rhetoric. It is sad that America's politicians are afraid to get involved in such matters, even if not doing so could lead to major breaks in diplomacy between the countries. It really illustrates that the Jews have complete control of the country. A sad time for America!

The Americans countered by informing the Swiss that if the issue was not quickly resolved they would demand that Americans unload their Swiss bank shares. After another month or so and with more threats coming from the American side, the Swiss finally agreed to settle all Holocaust suits. The American Jews celebrated and knew they had played the game of blackmail quite well. Credit Suisse issued the 1st settlement check of $500,000 to a very ill Estelle Sapir. The payment was from her Father's account over 50 years earlier.

When even more letters of American aggression and claims that Switzerland had been running Jewish Slave camps during WW11 hit the presses the Swiss government grew angry and made it quite clear that the banking issues were more about the American Jewish lawyers making millions than it ever was about the victims claims. The Swiss people grew more and more enraged that their banks had sold out to American Jews. The Swiss, though very upset, had to agree, again to settle all claims. Thousand of Jews then filed claims, regardless if they were legit...the extortion had begun. But the Swiss did make one clear demand and that was for New York to allow their banking merger. new York and the Jews agreed and the merger was approved in June 1998. Then the Swiss banks made an offer of $450 Million dollars to settle the suits. The Jewish lawyers immediately scoffed saying the amount was ridiculously low and blandly refused the offer. The Swiss twice raised the offer and stated that the new offer of $600 Million was their final offer. Each party soon involved the press with negative articles, each accusing the other of lies and distortions. The Jewish attorneys stated they would settle for $1.5 Billion. The Swiss ignored it.

The Jewish attorneys stated loudly that the gloves were off and promptly filed suits against the Swiss banks both in a New York District Court and In a court in California. The Swiss dismissed the suits stating that they were in the Swiss Bank was the country's central bank and was protected under their Government Sovereignty and could not be sued. The New Yorkers were determined to win this 2 year long battle and pushed the sanctions through, and with several states deciding to boycott the Swiss...the pressure once again fell back on the Swiss, which were determined not to be bullied further. They assured America that they would retaliate against any and all actions taken against their American interests. The fight still wages.

You may ask how this article relates to the collapse of our economy, as well as 9-11, Bush and the war on terrorism? This information clarifies the connections of power men that are in control of the American society and how it is all quite connected to Sept. 11, 2001, the actions in both Iraq for oil and in Afghanistan for large pipelines and our depression.

The Rothschilds and The Federal Reserve 1

The Rothschilds 2; After Napoleon lost at Waterloo Rothschild grabbed control of England's Bond Market

And The Bank of England and a New American Central Bank, which led to the creation of the Federal Reserve

Rothschilds 3 World's Richest Jews convinced the US to allow them to create and control the Federal Reserve

Watch this MSNBC intense rebuttal to Bush's corrupt and inept policies after 911

Watch this common sense video on how to take back America.

Watch the below video on the causes of debt.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Poisoning Of America with Chemicals, Vaccines, Mercury and Fluoride

Dumbing of Children in the Education System & Mass Media Programming of America.

Killing America with debt

The 2008-2009 Bailout;

Bailout Recipients

Updated: Oct 20, 2009

This list shows a breakdown of where the Treasury Department, authorized by Congress, has directed taxpayer money in the ongoing bailout of the financial system. It accounts for both the broader $700 billion bill and the separate bailout of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, to which Treasury has set a limit of $400 billion.

This is a list of companies that have been allocated funds. There are other list of Treasury's programs – for which no recipient data is available.

This list does not include companies that have completely refunded the investments.

Recipients:

722

Total Committed:

$467,192,239,116

Total Actually Invested or Loaned:

$397,081,822,451

After extensive research I found most of the below companies are owned or operated by Jews. Coincidence? Not on your life!

Please click on your BACK button when viewing other linked pages.

Name Type State Amount Committed
AIG (Details)

Received other federal aid. See details.

Insurance Company N.Y. $69.8 billion
Freddie Mac (Details) Financial Services Company Va. $50.7 billion
General Motors (Details) Auto Company Mich. $50.4 billion
Citigroup (Details)

Received other federal aid. See details.

Bank (Public) N.Y. $50 billion
Bank of America (Details)

Received other federal aid. See details.

Bank (Public) N.C. $45 billion
Fannie Mae (Details) Financial Services Company D.C. $44.9 billion
Wells Fargo (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $25 billion
Chrysler (Details) Auto Company Mich. $12.5 billion
GMAC (Details) Financial Services Company Mich. $12.5 billion
PNC Financial Services (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $7.6 billion
Bank of America (incl. Countrywide) (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $5.4 billion
SunTrust (Details) Bank (Public) Ga. $4.9 billion
GMAC Mortgage (Details) Mortgage Servicer Pa. $3.6 billion
Regions Financial Corp. (Details) Bank (Public) Ala. $3.5 billion
Fifth Third Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $3.4 billion
Hartford Financial Services (Details) Insurance Company Conn. $3.4 billion
JPMorgan Chase subsidiaries (Details) Mortgage Servicer N.J. $3.4 billion
The TCW Group, Inc. (Details) Investment Fund Del. $3.3 billion
Invesco Ltd. (Details) Investment Fund Del. $3.3 billion
Wellington Management Company (Details) Investment Fund Del. $3.3 billion
BlackRock, Inc. (Details) Investment Fund Del. $3.3 billion
AllianceBernstein, LP (Details) Investment Fund Del. $3.3 billion
KeyCorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $2.5 billion
GM Supplier Receivables, LLC (Details) Auto Company (Parts Supplier) $2.5 billion
Wells Fargo Bank, NA (Details) Mortgage Servicer Iowa $2.5 billion
CIT Group (Details) Bank (Public) N.Y. $2.3 billion
Comerica Incorporated (Details) Bank (Public) Texas $2.3 billion
CitiMortgage (Details) Mortgage Servicer Mo. $2.1 billion
Marshall & Ilsley (Details) Bank (Public) Wis. $1.7 billion
Wachovia subsidiaries (Details) Mortgage Servicer Iowa $1.4 billion
Zions Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Utah $1.4 billion
Huntington Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $1.4 billion
Discover Financial Services (Details) Financial Services Company Ill. $1.2 billion
American Home Mortgage Servicing, Inc (Details) Mortgage Servicer Texas $1.2 billion
Litton Loan Servicing (Details) Mortgage Servicer Texas $1.1 billion
Chrysler Receivables SPV LLC (Details) Auto Company (Parts Supplier) $1 billion
Synovus Financial Corp. (Details) Bank (Public) Ga. $967.9 million
Lincoln National Corporation (Details) Insurance Company Pa. $950 million
Popular, Inc. (Details) Bank (Public) Puerto Rico $935 million
Saxon Mortgage Services (Details) Mortgage Servicer Texas $886.4 million
First Horizon National (Details) Bank (Public) Tenn. $866.5 million
OneWest Bank (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $814.2 million
Select Portfolio Servicing (Details) Mortgage Servicer Utah $782.5 million
Ocwen Financial Corporation (Details) Mortgage Servicer Fla. $656 million
National City Bank (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ohio $610.2 million
M&T Bank Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) N.Y. $600 million
HomEq Servicing (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $552.8 million
Associated Banc-Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Wis. $525 million
Home Loan Services, Inc. (Details) Mortgage Servicer Pa. $494 million
Aurora Loan Services (Details) Mortgage Servicer Colo. $447.7 million
City National (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $400 million
First BanCorp (Details) Bank (Public) Puerto Rico $400 million
Webster Financial (Details) Bank (Public) Conn. $400 million
Fulton Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $376.5 million
South Financial Group (Details) Bank (Public) S.C. $347 million
Wilmington Trust Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Del. $330 million
East West Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $306.5 million
Sterling Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Wash. $303 million
Citizens Republic Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Mich. $300 million
Susquehanna Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $300 million
Whitney Holding Corp (Details) Bank (Public) La. $300 million
UCBH Holdings (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $298.7 million
First Banks, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $295.4 million
New York Private Bank & Trust Corp (Details) Bank (Private) N.Y. $267.3 million
Flagstar Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Mich. $266.7 million
Cathay General Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $258 million
Nationstar Mortgage (Details) Mortgage Servicer Texas $251.7 million
Wintrust Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $250 million
PrivateBancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $243.8 million
SVB Financial Group (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $235 million
Carrington Mortgage Services (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $222 million
Green Tree Servicing (Details) Mortgage Servicer Minn. $221.8 million
International Bancshares Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Texas $216 million
Trustmark Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Miss. $215 million
Umpqua (Details) Bank (Public) Ore. $214.2 million
Wilshire Credit Corporation (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ore. $203.5 million
MB Financial (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $196 million
First Midwest Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $193 million
Pacific Capital Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $180.6 million
United Community Banks (Details) Bank (Public) Ga. $180 million
Boston Private Financial Holdings (Details) Bank (Public) Mass. $154 million
Provident Bankshares Corp. (Details) Bank (Public) Md. $151.5 million
National Penn Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $150 million
Dickinson Financial Corp II (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $146.1 million
Western Alliance Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Public) Nev. $140 million
U.S. Bank National Association (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ky. $139.1 million
Central Pacific Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Hawaii $135 million
Banner Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Wash. $124 million
First Merchants Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ind. $116 million
1st Source Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ind. $111 million
Anchor BanCorp Wisconsin (Details) Bank (Public) Wis. $110 million
WTB Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Wash. $110 million
S&T Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $108.7 million
Taylor Capital (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $104.8 million
Valley National (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $100 million
First Busey Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $100 million
Park National Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $100 million
Pinnacle Financial (Details) Bank (Public) Tenn. $95 million
Plains Capital Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $87.6 million
Midwest Banc Holdings (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $84.8 million
Integra Bank Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Ind. $83.6 million
Sandy Spring Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Md. $83.1 million
Heartland Financial USA (Details) Bank (Public) Iowa $81.7 million
Hampton Roads Bankshares (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $80.3 million
First Financial Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $80 million
Columbia Banking System (Details) Bank (Public) Wash. $76.9 million
TowneBank (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $76.5 million
Bank of the Ozarks (Details) Bank (Public) Ark. $75 million
Old Second Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $73 million
First Place Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $72.9 million
Green Bankshares (Details) Bank (Public) Tenn. $72.3 million
Independent Bank Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Mich. $72 million
Metropolitan Bank Group (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $71.5 million
Virginia Commerce Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $71 million
Alpine Banks of Colorado (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $70 million
Flushing Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) N.Y. $70 million
Southwest Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Okla. $70 million
Superior Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ala. $69 million
Bayview Loan Servicing, LLC (Details) Mortgage Servicer Fla. $68.1 million
Nara Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $67 million
First Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $65 million
First Financial Holdings (Details) Bank (Public) S.C. $65 million
CoBiz Financial (Details) Bank (Public) Colo. $64.5 million
Wilshire Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $62.2 million
Standard Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $60 million
Lakeland Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $59 million
Union Bankshares (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $59 million
Great Southern Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Mo. $58 million
Liberty Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ark. $57.5 million
MainSource Financial Group (Details) Bank (Public) Ind. $57 million
Lakeland Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Ind. $56 million
Center Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $55 million
WSFS Financial (Details) Bank (Public) Del. $52.6 million
NewBridge Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $52.4 million
Ameris Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ga. $52 million
Community Bancshares of Mississippi, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Miss. $52 million
FNB United Corp (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $51.5 million
U.S. Century Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $50.2 million
BancTrust Financial Group (Details) Bank (Public) Ala. $50 million
Home BancShares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Public) Ark. $50 million
Seacoast Banking Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Fla. $50 million
First South Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $50 million
First American Bank Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $50 million
Yadkin Valley Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $49.3 million
Fidelity Southern Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ga. $48.2 million
BancPlus Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Miss. $48 million
RG Mortgage Corporation (Details) Mortgage Servicer Puerto Rico $45.7 million
The Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Del. $45.2 million
MetroCorp Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Texas $45 million
Cadence Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Miss. $44 million
Exchange Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $43 million
Southern Community Financial (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $42.8 million
MorEquity, Inc. (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ind. $42 million
Sterling Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.Y. $42 million
Westamerica Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $41.9 million
PremierWest Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ore. $41.4 million
Capital Bank (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $41.3 million
Heritage Commerce Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $40 million
Reliance Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $40 million
Peoples Bancorp Inc. (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $39 million
Cascade Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Wash. $39 million
OceanFirst Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $38.3 million
QCR Holdings (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $38.2 million
Eagle Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Md. $38.2 million
Bridgeview Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $38 million
Financial Institutions (Details) Bank (Public) N.Y. $37.5 million
State Bankshares (Details) Bank (Private) N.D. $37.5 million
First Defiance Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $37 million
TIB Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Fla. $37 million
State Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.Y. $36.8 million
Fidelity Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $36.3 million
West Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Public) Iowa $36 million
Trinity Capital Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) N.M. $35.5 million
Marquette National Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $35.5 million
Enterprise Financial Services Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Mo. $35 million
Porter Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ky. $35 million
Fremont Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $35 million
Encore Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Texas $34 million
The Bank of Kentucky (Details) Bank (Public) Ky. $34 million
First Market Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Va. $33.9 million
Franklin Credit Management Corporation (Details) Mortgage Servicer N.J. $33.5 million
First Security Group (Details) Bank (Public) Tenn. $33 million
Firstbank Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Mich. $33 million
Centrue Financial (Details) Bank (Public) Mo. $32.7 million
Pulaski Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Mo. $32.5 million
MutualFirst Financial (Details) Bank (Public) Ind. $32.4 million
Parkvale Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $31.8 million
Bank of North Carolina (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $31.3 million
Royal Bancshares of Pennsylvania (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $30.4 million
Hawthorn Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Mo. $30.3 million
Farmers Capital Bank Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ky. $30 million
First M&F Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Miss. $30 million
First United Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Md. $30 million
Spirit BankCorp (Details) Bank (Private) Okla. $30 million
StellarOne Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $30 million
Tennessee Commerce Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Tenn. $30 million
CCO Mortgage (Details) Mortgage Servicer Va. $29.6 million
Peapack-Gladstone Financial (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $28.7 million
Colony Bankcorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ga. $28 million
Intermountain Community Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Idaho $27 million
Citizens & Northern Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $26.4 million
Washington Banking Company (Details) Bank (Public) Wash. $26.4 million
Patriot Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $26 million
HMN Financial (Details) Bank (Public) Minn. $26 million
LNB Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $25.2 million
Princeton National Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $25.1 million
Peoples Bancorp of North Carolina (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $25.1 million
First California Financial Group (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $25 million
Horizon Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ind. $25 million
Intervest Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) N.Y. $25 million
Rogers Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ark. $25 million
The First Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Maine $25 million
VIST Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $25 million
Citizens Bancshares Co. (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $25 million
Crescent Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $24.9 million
Stearns Financial Services (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $24.9 million
National Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Iowa $24.7 million
CBS Banc-Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Ala. $24.3 million
Community Trust Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) La. $24 million
Eastern Virginia Bankshares (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $24 million
Heritage Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Wash. $24 million
Bridge Capital Holdings (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $23.9 million
Severn Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Md. $23.4 million
Park Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $23.2 million
First Citizens Banc Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $23.2 million
TriState Capital Holdings (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $23 million
Central Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $22.5 million
Premier Financial Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Public) W.Va. $22.3 million
Central Community Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $22 million
Middleburg Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $22 million
Wainwright Bank & Trust (Details) Bank (Public) Mass. $22 million
Liberty Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $21.9 million
Blue Valley Ban Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Kan. $21.8 million
Indiana Community Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ind. $21.5 million
BancIndependent (Details) Bank (Private) Ala. $21.1 million
FC Holdings (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $21 million
AmeriServ Financial (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $21 million
Heritage Oaks Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $21 million
Mercantile Bank Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Mich. $21 million
The Baraboo Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $20.7 million
First Guaranty Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) La. $20.7 million
Unity Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $20.6 million
United Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Mich. $20.6 million
Citizens South Banking Corp (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $20.5 million
Florida Bank Group, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $20.5 million
Diamond Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $20.4 million
Commonwealth Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ky. $20.4 million
Market Street Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $20.3 million
BNCCORP (Details) Bank (Private) N.D. $20.1 million
C&F Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $20 million
Community First Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $20 million
First Financial Service Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ky. $20 million
MidSouth Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) La. $20 million
The ANB Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $20 million
D.L. Evans Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Idaho $19.9 million
Chambers Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ark. $19.8 million
Community Bank Shares of Indiana, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ind. $19.5 million
First PacTrust Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $19.3 million
Carver Bancorp (Details) Bank (Community Development) N.Y. $19 million
Bar Harbor Bankshares (Details) Bank (Public) Maine $18.8 million
HopFed Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Ky. $18.4 million
PNC Bank, NA (Details) Mortgage Servicer Pa. $18.2 million
Sovereign Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $18.2 million
Security Federal Corp (Details) Bank (Public) S.C. $18 million
Peoples Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Wash. $18 million
First Trust Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) La. $18 million
ECB Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $17.9 million
First NBC Bank Holding Company (Details) Bank (Private) La. $17.8 million
Community First Inc (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $17.8 million
Community Bankers Trust Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $17.7 million
Residential Credit Solutions (Details) Mortgage Servicer Texas $17.5 million
First Northern Community Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $17.4 million
Security Capital Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Miss. $17.4 million
OneFinancial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Ark. $17.3 million
Southern First Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) S.C. $17.3 million
Liberty Shares (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $17.3 million
F&M Financial Corporation (TN) (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $17.2 million
Northern States Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ill. $17.2 million
Bank of Commerce Holdings (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $17 million
F&M Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $17 million
First American International Corp (Details) Bank (Community Development) N.Y. $17 million
Guaranty Federal Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Mo. $17 million
White River Bancshares Company (Details) Bank (Private) Ark. $16.8 million
Timberland Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Wash. $16.6 million
Codorus Valley Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $16.5 million
First Federal Bancshares of Arkansas (Details) Bank (Public) Ark. $16.5 million
1st Financial Services Corp (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $16.4 million
Parke Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $16.3 million
Pacific City Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $16.2 million
Valley Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $16 million
CoastalSouth Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $16 million
Carolina Bank Holdings (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $16 million
MidWest One Financial Group (Details) Bank (Public) Iowa $16 million
Community West Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $15.6 million
Stockmens Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) S.D. $15.6 million
Tri-County Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Md. $15.5 million
BankFirst Capital Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Miss. $15.5 million
First Reliance Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $15.3 million
LSB Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Mass. $15 million
State Capital Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Miss. $15 million
Business Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $15 million
Foresight Financial Group, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $15 million
The Landrum Company (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $15 million
River Valley Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $15 million
Suburban Illinois Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $15 million
Nicolet Bankshares (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $15 million
First Community Bancshares, Inc (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $14.8 million
Village Bank and Trust Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $14.7 million
Monarch Financial Holdings (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $14.7 million
Tidelands Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) S.C. $14.4 million
United Bank Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $14.4 million
Guaranty Capital Corporation (Details) Bank (Community Development) Miss. $14 million
First National Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Va. $13.9 million
Magna Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $13.8 million
Bancorp Financial, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $13.7 million
Sword Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $13.6 million
First Texas BHC (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $13.5 million
Oak Valley Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $13.5 million
LCNB Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $13.4 million
Bank of the Carolinas Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $13.2 million
Morrill Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $13 million
SouthCrest Financial Group, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $12.9 million
HCSB Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) S.C. $12.9 million
Community First Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ark. $12.7 million
Adbanc (Details) Bank (Private) Neb. $12.7 million
Peoples Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $12.7 million
Community Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $12.6 million
Bankers' Bank of the West (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $12.6 million
Security State Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $12.5 million
PeoplesSouth Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $12.3 million
OneUnited Bank (Details) Bank (Community Development) Mass. $12.1 million
1st Constitution Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $12 million
Blue Ridge Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $12 million
FNB Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $12 million
The Queensborough Company (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $12 million
Two Rivers Financial Group (Details) Bank (Private) Iowa $12 million
Duke Financial Group, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $12 million
Farmers Enterprises, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $12 million
Alliance Financial Services (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $12 million
Plumas Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $11.9 million
University Financial Corp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Community Development) Minn. $11.9 million
Medallion Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Utah $11.8 million
DNB Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $11.8 million
M&F Bancorp (Details) Bank (Community Development) N.C. $11.7 million
TCB Holding Company (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $11.7 million
Pacific Coast Bankers' Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $11.6 million
Cecil Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Md. $11.6 million
Central Virginia Bankshares (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $11.4 million
First Community Corp (Details) Bank (Public) S.C. $11.4 million
Central Jersey Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $11.3 million
Steele Street Bank Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $11 million
Farmers & Merchants Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $11 million
Southern Bancorp (Details) Bank (Community Development) Ark. $11 million
Mackinac Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Mich. $11 million
Brotherhood Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $11 million
Stonebridge Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $11 million
First Capital Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Va. $11 million
First Southern Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $10.9 million
Ridgestone Financial Services (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $10.9 million
BCSB Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Md. $10.8 million
Security State Bank Holding Company (Details) Bank (Private) N.D. $10.8 million
First Community Bank Corp of America (Details) Bank (Public) Fla. $10.7 million
Crosstown Holding Company (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $10.7 million
Northwest Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) Wash. $10.5 million
Katahdin Bankshares (Details) Bank (Private) Maine $10.4 million
Citizens Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $10.4 million
United Bancorp of Alabama (Details) Bank (Public) Ala. $10.3 million
North Central Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Iowa $10.2 million
Midland States Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $10.2 million
Heritage Bankshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Va. $10.1 million
1st United Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $10 million
Blackhawk Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $10 million
BOH Holdings (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $10 million
Center Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $10 million
Central Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Mass. $10 million
ColoEast Bankshares (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $10 million
First Bankers Trustshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $10 million
First Litchfield Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Conn. $10 million
Mid Penn Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $10 million
Mid-Wisconsin Financial Services (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $10 million
NCAL Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $10 million
New Hampshire Thrift Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) N.H. $10 million
Northway Financial (Details) Bank (Private) N.H. $10 million
Stewardship Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $10 million
Uwharrie Capital Corp (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $10 million
Century Financial Services Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) N.M. $10 million
HomeTown Bankshares Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Va. $10 million
Greer Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $10 million
Regent Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $10 million
Penn Liberty Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $10 million
Coastal Banking Company (Details) Bank (Public) Fla. $10 million
Universal Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ind. $9.9 million
TCB Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $9.7 million
Southern Missouri Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Mo. $9.6 million
Moneytree Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $9.5 million
Premier Bank Holding Company (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $9.5 million
Florida Business BancGroup (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $9.5 million
City National Bancshares Corporation (Details) Bank (Community Development) N.J. $9.4 million
FCB Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ky. $9.3 million
PSB Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) La. $9.3 million
Provident Community Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) S.C. $9.3 million
Carrollton Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Md. $9.2 million
Elmira Savings Bank (Details) Bank (Public) N.Y. $9.1 million
Broadway Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $9 million
Community Partners Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) N.J. $9 million
Grandsouth Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $9 million
UBT Banchares (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $9 million
RCB Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $8.9 million
Salisbury Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Conn. $8.8 million
Citizens First Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ky. $8.8 million
Farmers Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Va. $8.8 million
Equity Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $8.8 million
Georgia Commerce Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $8.7 million
United American Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $8.7 million
Sonoma Valley Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $8.7 million
BancStar, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $8.6 million
First Western Financial (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $8.6 million
Summit State Bank (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $8.5 million
Great River Holding Company (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $8.4 million
Annapolis Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Md. $8.2 million
Syringa Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Idaho $8 million
MS Financial (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $7.7 million
Commonwealth Business Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $7.7 million
Metro City Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $7.7 million
Oak Ridge Financial Services (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $7.7 million
Valley Commerce Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $7.7 million
First Gothenburg Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Neb. $7.6 million
Country Bank Shares (Details) Bank (Private) Neb. $7.5 million
Centrix Bank & Trust (Details) Bank (Private) N.H. $7.5 million
Emclaire Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $7.5 million
The Little Bank (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $7.5 million
BNB Financial Services Corp (Details) Bank (Private) N.Y. $7.5 million
Gulfstream Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $7.5 million
First Eagle Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $7.5 million
GulfSouth Private Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $7.5 million
Citizens Bancshares (Details) Bank (Community Development) Ga. $7.5 million
Avenue Financial Holdings (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $7.4 million
First Sound Bank (Details) Bank (Public) Wash. $7.4 million
First BancTrust Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $7.4 million
Vantium Capital, Inc. (Details) Mortgage Servicer Texas $7.3 million
Western Community Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $7.3 million
FFW Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Ind. $7.3 million
Millenium Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $7.3 million
Central Federal Corp (Details) Bank (Public) Ohio $7.2 million
Central Valley Community Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $7 million
Fidelity Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Pa. $7 million
Hamilton State Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $7 million
Chicago Shore Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $7 million
Heartland Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ind. $7 million
Community Financial Shares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $7 million
Guaranty Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) N.H. $6.9 million
Idaho Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Idaho $6.9 million
NC Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $6.9 million
Western Illinois Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $6.9 million
Security California Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $6.8 million
Pierce County Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Wash. $6.8 million
Harbor Bankshares Corporation (Details) Bank (Community Development) Md. $6.8 million
Monarch Community Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Mich. $6.8 million
Premier Bancorp (Details) Bank (Community Development) Ill. $6.8 million
Pathfinder Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Public) N.Y. $6.8 million
Highlands Independent Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $6.7 million
WashingtonFirst Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Va. $6.6 million
Alarion Financial Services (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $6.5 million
Pacific International Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Wash. $6.5 million
Biscayne Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $6.4 million
First Intercontinental Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $6.4 million
Premier Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Iowa $6.3 million
Citizens Commerce Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ky. $6.3 million
Illinois State Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $6.3 million
Moscow Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $6.2 million
Meridian Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $6.2 million
OSB Financial Services (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $6.1 million
American State Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $6 million
Beach Business Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $6 million
IBW Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) D.C. $6 million
ICB Financial (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $6 million
Patapsco Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Md. $6 million
Peninsula Bank Holding Co (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $6 million
Gateway Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $6 million
First Vernon Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ala. $6 million
Mortgage Center, LLC (Details) Mortgage Servicer Mich. $6 million
Howard Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Md. $6 million
Rising Sun Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Md. $6 million
IA Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) N.J. $6 million
Leader Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Mass. $5.8 million
Security Business Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $5.8 million
Central Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $5.8 million
FPB Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Fla. $5.8 million
Seaside National Bank & Trust (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $5.7 million
United Financial Banking Companies (Details) Bank (Private) Va. $5.7 million
Liberty Financial Services (Details) Bank (Community Development) La. $5.6 million
Waukesha Bankshares (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $5.6 million
Boscobel Bancorp, Inc (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $5.6 million
First Southwest Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $5.5 million
Mission Valley Bancorp (Details) Bank (Community Development) Calif. $5.5 million
Valley Community Bank (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $5.5 million
One Georgia Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $5.5 million
Legacy Bancorp (Details) Bank (Community Development) Wis. $5.5 million
The Private Bank of California (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $5.5 million
Connecticut Bank and Trust Company (Details) Bank (Public) Conn. $5.4 million
AMS Servicing, LLC (Details) Mortgage Servicer N.Y. $5.4 million
CUC Mortgage Corporation (Details) Mortgage Servicer N.Y. $5.3 million
Midtown Bank & Trust Company (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $5.2 million
Mission Community Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $5.1 million
Capital Commerce Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $5.1 million
Franklin Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $5.1 million
PennyMac Loan Services (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $5 million
Blue River Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ind. $5 million
Financial Security Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Wyo. $5 million
First Express of Nebraska (Details) Bank (Private) Neb. $5 million
Southern Illinois Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $5 million
The First Bancshares (Details) Bank (Public) Miss. $5 million
BlackRidge Financial, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) N.D. $5 million
Covenant Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Miss. $5 million
AmFirst Financial Services, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Neb. $5 million
Germantown Capital Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $5 million
Private Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $5 million
First Bank (Details) Mortgage Servicer Mo. $4.9 million
York Traditions Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $4.9 million
Southern Heritage Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $4.9 million
Mortgage Clearing Corporation (Details) Mortgage Servicer Okla. $4.9 million
BNC Financial Group (Details) Bank (Private) Conn. $4.8 million
First Menasha Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $4.8 million
Alaska Pacific Bankshares (Details) Bank (Public) Alaska $4.8 million
Cache Valley Banking Company (Details) Bank (Private) Utah $4.8 million
Monument Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Md. $4.7 million
Capital Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Md. $4.7 million
Western Reserve Bancorp, Inc (Details) Bank (Private) Ohio $4.7 million
Virginia Company Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Va. $4.7 million
CalWest Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $4.7 million
F&M Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $4.6 million
First Priority Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $4.6 million
First Colebrook Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) N.H. $4.5 million
Puget Sound Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Wash. $4.5 million
Georgia Primary Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $4.5 million
1st Enterprise Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $4.4 million
Pinnacle Bank Holding Company (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $4.4 million
Northeast Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Maine $4.2 million
Servis One, Inc. (Details) Mortgage Servicer Pa. $4.2 million
IBC Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Community Development) Ill. $4.2 million
Pacific Coast National Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $4.1 million
CB Holding Corp. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $4.1 million
Pacific Commerce Bank (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $4.1 million
The Bank of Currituck (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $4 million
California Bank of Commerce (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $4 million
Capital Pacific Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ore. $4 million
Carolina Trust Bank (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $4 million
Hilltop Community Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) N.J. $4 million
Naples Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $4 million
Premier Service Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $4 million
Santa Lucia Bancorp (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $4 million
SBT Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Conn. $4 million
Todd Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ky. $4 million
SV Financial, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $4 million
Grand Capital Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Okla. $4 million
HPK Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $4 million
Investors Financial Corporation of Pettis County (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $4 million
Enterprise Financial Services Group (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $4 million
KS Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $4 million
Providence Bank (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $4 million
Texas National Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $4 million
Community Business Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $4 million
Fidelity Bancorp, Inc (Details) Bank (Private) La. $3.9 million
Peoples Bancshares of TN (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $3.9 million
Community Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ariz. $3.9 million
Redwood Capital Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $3.8 million
Tifton Banking Company (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $3.8 million
Pascack Community Bank (Details) Bank (Private) N.J. $3.8 million
First Financial Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $3.8 million
Financial Services of Winger, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $3.7 million
Pathway Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Neb. $3.7 million
Triad Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $3.7 million
Patterson Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) La. $3.7 million
AMB Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Ind. $3.7 million
Allied First Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $3.7 million
CedarStone Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $3.6 million
Merchants and Manufacturers Bank Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $3.5 million
AB&T Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) N.C. $3.5 million
Mercantile Capital Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Mass. $3.5 million
First Alliance Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $3.4 million
Madison Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Ky. $3.4 million
First Bank of Charleston (Details) Bank (Private) W.Va. $3.3 million
California Oaks State Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $3.3 million
Mountain Valley Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $3.3 million
Congaree Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $3.3 million
Treaty Oak Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $3.3 million
Hometown Bancorp of Alabama (Details) Bank (Private) Ala. $3.3 million
FPB Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Public) La. $3.2 million
First Independence Corporation (Details) Bank (Community Development) Mich. $3.2 million
Oregon Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ore. $3.2 million
Union Bank & Trust Company (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $3.2 million
Crazy Woman Creek Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Wyo. $3.1 million
Fortune Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $3.1 million
Highlands State Bank (Details) Bank (Private) N.J. $3.1 million
Grand Mountain Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $3.1 million
Lone Star Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $3.1 million
Sound Banking Company (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $3.1 million
Catskill Hudson Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) N.Y. $3 million
Citizens Community Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Va. $3 million
Clover Community Bankshares (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $3 million
Marine Bank & Trust Company (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $3 million
PGB Holdings (Details) Bank (Community Development) Ill. $3 million
St. Johns Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $3 million
Tennessee Valley Financial Holdings (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $3 million
Frontier Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $3 million
Freeport Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $3 million
Fidelity Resources Company (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $3 million
Bank of Commerce (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $3 million
Redwood Financial (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $3 million
F & C Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $3 million
Alliance Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $3 million
Santa Clara Valley Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $2.9 million
Berkshire Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $2.9 million
US Metro Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $2.9 million
Omega Capital Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $2.8 million
Prairie Star Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $2.8 million
Tri-State Bank of Memphis (Details) Bank (Community Development) Tenn. $2.8 million
TriSummit Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $2.8 million
SouthFirst Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ala. $2.8 million
Worthington Financial Holdings, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ala. $2.7 million
Bank of George (Details) Bank (Private) Nev. $2.7 million
Regent Capital Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Okla. $2.7 million
CBB Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $2.6 million
Deerfield Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $2.6 million
Manhattan Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $2.6 million
Community Investors Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Ohio $2.6 million
First Resource Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $2.6 million
Goldwater Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Ariz. $2.6 million
Community 1st Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $2.6 million
ORNL Federal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Tenn. $2.5 million
Plato Holdings Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $2.5 million
AmeriBank Holding Company (Details) Bank (Private) Okla. $2.5 million
Grand Financial Corporation (Details) Bank (Private) Miss. $2.4 million
Citizens Bank & Trust Company (Details) Bank (Private) La. $2.4 million
CSRA Bank Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Ga. $2.4 million
Green Circle Investments (Details) Bank (Private) Iowa $2.4 million
Brogan Bankshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $2.4 million
NEMO Bancshares Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $2.3 million
ShoreBank (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ill. $2.3 million
IBT Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $2.3 million
Columbine Capital Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Colo. $2.3 million
CenterBank (Details) Bank (Private) Ohio $2.3 million
First Business Bank, N.A. (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $2.2 million
First Choice Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $2.2 million
Security Bancshares of Pulaski County (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $2.2 million
Titonka Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Iowa $2.1 million
Ojai Community Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $2.1 million
Market Bancorporation (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $2.1 million
Metropolitan Capital Bancorp, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $2 million
Surrey Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) N.C. $2 million
TCNB Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Ohio $2 million
Lafayette Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Miss. $2 million
Northwest Commercial Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Wash. $2 million
Fresno First Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $2 million
Hometown Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Ky. $1.9 million
Merchants and Planters Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Tenn. $1.9 million
Monadnock Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) N.H. $1.8 million
Seacoast Commerce Bank (Details) Bank (Public) Calif. $1.8 million
American Premier Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $1.8 million
Community Bank of the Bay (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $1.7 million
BCB Holding Company (Details) Bank (Private) Ala. $1.7 million
Maryland Financial Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Md. $1.7 million
Signature Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $1.7 million
The State Bank of Bartley (Details) Bank (Private) Neb. $1.7 million
Birmingham Bloomfield Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Mich. $1.6 million
Gold Canyon Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Ariz. $1.6 million
Hyperion Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $1.6 million
Saigon National (Details) Bank (Private) Calif. $1.5 million
Central Florida Educators Federal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Fla. $1.5 million
Regional Bankshares (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $1.5 million
Vision Bank - Texas (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $1.5 million
PFSB Bancorporation, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Wis. $1.5 million
Northern State Bank (Details) Bank (Private) N.J. $1.3 million
Indiana Bank Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Ind. $1.3 million
Fort Lee Federal Savings Bank (Details) Bank (Private) N.J. $1.3 million
First Advantage Bancshares Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $1.2 million
DeSoto County Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Miss. $1.2 million
Riverside Bancshares, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Ark. $1.1 million
Independence Bank (Details) Bank (Private) R.I. $1.1 million
Community Holding Company of Florida (Details) Bank (Private) Fla. $1.1 million
Calvert Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $1 million
Purdue Employees Federal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ind. $1 million
Bank Financial Services, Inc. (Details) Bank (Private) Minn. $1 million
BankGreenville (Details) Bank (Private) S.C. $1 million
Bern Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $985 thousand
Wescom Central Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $870 thousand
IBM Southeast Employees' Federal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Fla. $860 thousand
Gregg Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $825 thousand
Banner County Bank Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Neb. $795 thousand
First Federal Savings and Loan (Details) Mortgage Servicer Wash. $770 thousand
First State Bank of Mobeetie (Details) Bank (Private) Texas $731 thousand
Farmers State Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $700 thousand
Midwest Regional Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $700 thousand
RoundPoint Mortgage Servicing Corporation (Details) Mortgage Servicer N.C. $700 thousand
Horicon Bank (Details) Mortgage Servicer Wis. $690 thousand
Green City Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $651 thousand
Corning Savings and Loan Association (Details) Bank (Private) Ark. $638 thousand
Butler Point (Details) Bank (Private) Ill. $607 thousand
Lake City Bank (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ind. $600 thousand
Colonial American Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $574 thousand
Great Lakes Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ill. $570 thousand
The Victory Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Pa. $541 thousand
SEFCU (Details) Mortgage Servicer N.Y. $540 thousand
Community Bancshares of Kansas (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $500 thousand
Bay Federal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $500 thousand
Schools Financial Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $480 thousand
Kirksville Bancorp (Details) Bank (Private) Mo. $470 thousand
Farmers & Merchants Financial Corp (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $442 thousand
Oakland Municipal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $430 thousand
Haviland Bancshares (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $425 thousand
Mission Federal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $370 thousand
Stanford Federal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $370 thousand
Metropolitan National Bank (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ark. $350 thousand
Allstate Mortgage Loans & Investments, Inc. (Details) Mortgage Servicer Fla. $310 thousand
The Freeport State Bank (Details) Bank (Private) Kan. $301 thousand
Yadkin Valley Bank (Details) Mortgage Servicer N.C. $300 thousand
Glass City Federal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ohio $290 thousand
Lake National Bank (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ohio $250 thousand
Farmers State Bank (Details) Mortgage Servicer Ohio $80 thousand
Technology Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer Calif. $70 thousand
Central Jersey Federal Credit Union (Details) Mortgage Servicer N.J. $40 thousand
Citizens First Wholesale Mortgage Company (Details) Mortgage Servicer Fla. $20 thousand

It is definitely time to "Wake Up America"

Click here to learn about the founding of The US Federal Reserve by The Money Lenders!

Articles Of InterestBack to Jews and Money Contact Us |

Who Controls America? Click Here! and draw your own conclusions! Click Here! to learn how Bank of America was forced to buy Merrill Lynch with the taxpayers money. Click Here! to learn why the Jewish Larry Silverstein owner of World Trade Towers and building 7 had them brought down with explosions? It's a fact that the Towers, as well as Building 7, were on land controlled by the New York Port Authority, which is owned by the Jewish Rockefellers!

*The owners of this website are not responsible for any/all content, it's use, purpose or intent and/or the accuracy of the data in the this or any other posted article.*

www.travelersdigest.com/israeli-connection.htm

FW 4/15/11

Editorial submitted; Sept. 2009

Found at: http://www.fourwinds10.com/siterun_data/history/zionism/news.php?q=1302886520



© Copyright by AbundantHope.net all rights reserved