The presence of "islanders" on the front of the repressive apparatus of Mature introduces "innovations" to increase the pain in the techniques of electrical shock, suffocation, or sexual violence, according to the annual report of the Institute Casla
The interference cuban in Venezuela has increased in the past two years the methods of torture used by the regime of Nicolas Maduro in the systematic repression of dissent, incorporating "innovations" that increase the suffering of the victims, according to the latest annual report of the Institute Casla, who have presented this Friday in Madrid, the director of this organization, Tamara Suju, and the exeurodiputada Beatriz Becerra.
The perforation of nails in the hands and feet to pass the cables from the electrical shock, the consistent use of plastic bags to smother the tortured, the hanging crane without touching the ground during the interrogation, the lesions on the genitals to the exercise of sexual violence or intoxication with psychoactive substances unknown are some of the examples of the venom that has entered the presence of the so-called "islanders" in the dome of the repressive apparatus, in accordance with the document of the said organization, with headquarters in Prague, that promotes democracy and the rule of law.
According to Tamara Suju, "the regime has become more bloodthirsty and uses torture as a punishment exemplary". From 2017, he says, are experiencing "the torture more terrible, because the intention now is to take it to the point to ask their families not to report, not say anything, because anything you say means take away the visits and lawyers for months".
For years, Suju comes to reporting the cases of torture, and the list of perpetrators to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, which opened in 2018, a preliminary examination into the situation in Venezuela and hopes to resolve at the beginning of this year, its jurisdiction over the complaints, to then assess the admissibility of the case.
Based on the "general chaos" that is in the throes of Venezuela, "where the humanitarian crisis intersects with the systematic repression", the study by the Institute Casla focuses on the use of torture, in particular, from the General Division of Counterintelligence, Military (Dgcim), led by Iván Hernández Dala, and how the cuban regime and its structure of repression have meant that "the patterns of the torture is to increase, change or be innovative".
Throughout 2019, the year in which occurred such events as the swearing-in ceremony of John Guaidó as interim president of Venezuela in January, or the failed attempt of uprising of April, the Institute Casla received new testimonies that relate to 83 the direct victims of alleged violations of human rights and crimes against humanity. "100% of the victims were tortured in detention centers and in military areas, with the peculiarity that 13 of them were moved, in addition, centres of clandestine torture where they could perform without his screams could be heard by other witnesses."
The above-mentioned Dgcim, under the influence of cuban officials, it has become the organ repressor civilian and military, most cruel, being present in 95% of the reported cases of arbitrary detention, torture and sexual violence, according to the Institute Casla.
"The upsurge of the crime of torture, and the terrible methods applied in the 2019 were directed mostly by the Dgcim, also involved in acts of repression that led to killings, arbitrary detentions, torture and forced displacement of people, coupled with the National Guard, the Sebin (Servicio Bolivariano de inteligencia nacional (National Intelligence), the FAES (Force of Special Actions), the GNP (policía Nacional Bolivariana) and the collective (bands of paramilitaries armed by the regime)".
The organization warns in its report "the importance of the cuban presence in the induction and repression which leads the regime against the whole population", based on testimonies of former officials of intelligence and defectors, as well as of military and civilians who have indicated how involved the regime of the island in the induction of suppression.
The head that "organizes, controls and knows everything about who they are, how they arrive, what they do and how they participate" is the ambassador of Cuba in Venezuela, explains the study, which emphasizes: "Nothing happens without his knowledge". "The cubans instruct constantly on techniques of repression, intimidation, and monitoring, to members of the FANB and intelligence, so that they can perform research tasks and swiping to their own peers and their families, to political and social leaders, and to ask direct follow-up to social unrest," he continues. In addition, these works of cuban intelligence are made "with full knowledge" of the minister of Defense, Vladimir Padrino; the Strategic Operational Command (Ceofanb) by Remigio Ceballos, and the own Dgcim.
Even more, it details the G2 (cuban intelligence) and Gruce (Strategic Group Cuban) would be directly involved in the torture in Venezuela. The "islanders", as they call themselves military and venezuelan officials, would have their own room operations at the facility military known as Fort Tiuna, in Caracas. Likewise, cubans are accredited with credentials of the Dgcim "give orders to general venezuelans and train intelligence officers, in addition to hundreds of people all over the country, and are known as "Accredited" or Dgcim parallel," the report says.
The Institute Casla sets out that between 2018 and 2019 have killed three people in State custody: council member Fernando Alban, the an ex military man Modesto Díaz and captain Rafael Acosta. "In these past two years the beatings and torture for days and weeks to come with hunger, dehydration, humiliation and harassment both physical and psychological," explains the organization, adds: "The victims are deprived of food and water, and in many cases, when provided, force them to eat off the floor"like animals".
The new methods
Between the patterns of torture detected in these last two, the study notes the "handcuffs and shackles for long periods of time, strongly adjusted to cause wounds in the wrists and even paralysis in the fingers", as well as the "suffocation and drowning through the use of plastic bags". While in the period 2013-2017 that method accounted for 6% of allegations of torture by asphyxiation, in 2018-2019 were 54.6%, with 106 victims.
Have increased the electric shocks, with 93 people subjected to such torture in the last two years, with "innovations" to increase the pain as the piercing of the nails of the hands and feet to pass the cables of the download. The victims are put or embed needles or metal objects in nipples and genitals, or under the nails, through them, make the downloads, or gets cables in the testítculos or in the anus, explains the Institute Casla among other techniques.
There are also two new patterns in the colgamientos of the tortured: in some cases it hangs without touching the floor, bound with the hands in front or in the back for long periods of time, and in others leaving just the front part of the feet touch the surface, in some cases tires, car wheels, staying the entire day in that position.
There are also innovations in the sexual violence on the victims. According to the report, in these two years, the 34% of victims had injuries on their genitals, a product of the torture, including electric shocks, intense and protracted, or punches and kicks.
To this is added the use of psychotropic substances unknown. The organization obtained testimonies of people who claim to have been drugged or have felt seasick while the tortured or questioned. Chemicals are used that give to take to the victims or powders that are placed on wounds, bleeding of the skin.
In the variation of these patterns, insists the Institute Casla, "they have been directly involved cubans."
During the presentation of the document in Madrid, projected videos of some of the testimonies collected. Among them the former Gilberto Rafael Martínez Daza, who describes his arrest by the FAES, their transfer to a center clandestine and cruel torture for eight days with several of those methods -suffocation with plastic bags, electric shocks in the genitals, colgamientos...-, with the participation of cuban military with their uniform". "The identified to every one," he says.
"Torture does not distinguish age or social status, and there are victims from 14 years of age," said Tamara Suju, who showed a video with the testimony of a young man, Frank Alonso Flores, detained and tortured at 16.
Other developments of these years are the use of a cold chamber in the basement of the Dgcim, sprains of the upper and lower members, the use of an armored truck and an elevator in the basement of the Dgcim, or centers of torture, clandestine.
"Those who support the tyranny are complicit"
Beatriz Becerra asked during the presentation of the report that the european countries will join in the complaints before the International Criminal Court. "They are crimes that do not prescribe", stated the exeurodiputada Spanish, which has called for such torture are "investigated and prosecuted".
In that line, Tamara Suju said that "hopefully one european country to add to the complaint before the ICC", at the time that criticized the meps spaniards who lined up this Thursday with Maduro in a vote (of United we Can and EH Bildu, as well as Carles Puigdemont, and Tony Comín). "Those who are on the side of tyranny are complicit in crimes against humanity, and the story is what you are going to claim," he warned.
To the director of the Institute Casla, it is also "important for the venezuelan people, for international justice and the victims of these crimes," the re-election of Luis Almagro as the secretary general of the Organization of American States (OAS), which will be submitted in march, given the support that he has given until now to the cause for democracy in the caribbean country. "We can not allow that the OAS happens to be a club of friends, as it was before," he said.