categoryMenu_new
 
  Home
  EXTRAORDINARY AH Teaching from Spiritual Hierarchy
  AbundantHope
  NEW READERS! Read Here First
  Supporting AH
  Leadership of AbundantHope
  Announcements
  Regional AH Sites
  Other Sites with AH material
  Contact Us
  Becoming A Messiah
  OUR PUBLIC FORUM IS OPEN TOO ALL
  Mission Ideas
  System Busting
  Cleric Letter/English
  Translations of Cleric Letter
  AH Member Writings
  Candace
  Ron
  Rosie
  Jess
  Brian's Poetry
  James
  Giuseppe
  Esteban
  Telepathic Messages
  Candace
  Jess Anthony
  Vince
  Leonette
  John
  Adam
  Bela
  Joyce
  Hazel
  Kibo
  Peter
  Rosie
  Johan
  Lucia
  Lucia G
  Rubens
  Shellee-Kim
  Ben
  Dorothea
  Solon
  Others
  Targeted Messages
  Hano
  Light Flower
  Changing The Face Of Religion
  - Phoenix Journals - PDF in German
  Candace on Religion
  Other Spiritual Pieces
  Spiritual Nuggets by the Masters
  Phoenix Journals
  Phoenix Journals - PDF
  Telepathic Messages PDF books
  Selections from the Urantia Book
  Illustrations For The Urantia Book
  CMGSN Pieces
  THE WAVE
  Environment/Science
  David Crayford and the ITC
  Health and Nutrition
  Podcasts, Radio Shows, Video by AH
  Political Information
  True US History
  Human/Animal Rights
  The Miracle That Is Me
 
  Education
  Resources
  911 Material
  Books - eBooks
  government email/phone #'s
  Self Reliance
  Video
  Websites
  Alternative News Sources
  Art and Music
  Foreign Sites
  Health and Healing
  Human/Animal Rights
  Scientific
  Spiritual
  Vegan Recipes
  Translated Material
  Dutch
  Gekanaliseerde berichten Jess
  Gekanaliseerde berichten Candace
  Gekanaliseerde berichten Anderen
  Artikelen/berichten
  French
  Canal Jess
  Par Candace
  Other Channels
  Articles
  German
  Telepathische Nachrichten (Candace)
  Telepathische Nachrichten (Jess)
  Telepathische Nachrichten (div.)
  AH Mitgliederbeiträge (Candace)
  AH Mitgliederbeiträge (Jess)
  Spirituelle Schätze
  Italian
  Translations - Candace
  Translations - Jess
  Translations - Others
  Portuguese
  by Candace
  By Jess
  By Others
  Spanish
  Anfitriones Divinos
  Bitácoras Fénix
  Creadores-de-Alas (WingMakers/Lyricus)
  Escritos de Candace
  Escritos de Otros
  Monjoronsón
  Telemensajes de Candace
  Telemensajes de Jess Anthony
  Telemensajes de Otros
  Chinese
  By Candace
  By Jess
  By Others
  Korean Translations
  Hungarian Translations
  Swedish Translations

Search
[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Education Last Updated: Jul 27, 2020 - 12:41:29 AM


Does Mathematics = Western Imperialism ?
By Nancy Pearcy with comments by Ron
Jul 27, 2020 - 12:07:15 AM

Email this article
 Printer friendly page Share/Bookmark

https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2020/07/does_mathematics__western_imperialism.html

July 26th 2020

 

Is mathematics next on the chopping block to be deconstructed as a form of "Western imperialism"?

A young woman describing herself as a teacher, Ph.D. student, and "social justice change agent," recently gained notoriety for tweeting, "The idea of 2+2 equaling 4 is cultural," a product of "western imperialism/colonialism."

Yes, even mathematics, held up as the most objective and neutral of disciplines, is being reshaped by critical theory, which claims that all ideas are social constructions by groups using their power to advance their own interests.

This is not just the inflammatory language of young social justice warriors.  Alan Bishop, who teaches at Cambridge University, wrote an article titled "Western Mathematics: The Secret Weapon of Cultural Imperialism," in which he deplores "the process of cultural invasion in colonised countries by western mathematics."

In Educational Studies in Mathematics, two math educators at Georgia State University write, "Dominant mathematics is a system established as right and True by the White men who have historically controlled and constructed the game."  The authors call for "critical mathematics" to expose "the power dynamic between the oppressor - White, male mathematicians - and the oppressed - the marginalized Other."

Rochelle Gutiérrez, an education professor at the University of Illinois, writes that "mathematics itself operates as Whiteness.  Who gets credit for doing and developing mathematics, who is capable in mathematics, and who is seen as the mathematical community is generally viewed as White." Gutiérrez charges that algebra and geometry perpetuate white privilege because the textbook version of math history is Eurocentric: "[c]urricula emphasizing terms like Pythagorean theorem and pi perpetuate a perception that mathematics was largely developed by Greeks and other Europeans."

I'm not sure which history textbooks she's talking about.  We all use Arabic numerals, and in my college math class, we learned that the concept of zero as a place holder came from India; that the Babylonians gave us the 360-degree circle and the 60-minute hour; that the Babylonians, Egyptians, and Chinese all had a rough idea of the value of pi. The approximate ratio for pi even appears in the Bible: "And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other: it was round all about, and his height was five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about" (1 Kings 7:23).

website for teachers, "K-12 Academics," calls for the development of "anti-racist" mathematics:

Anti-racist mathematics is part of a larger social constructivist movement in which traditional Western or scientific world views were developed within the context of a Judeo-Christian Western culture or set of cultures.  Anti-racist educators suggest that these assumptions are dominant because of the abuse of political power.

Note the accusation that racism is a product of Judeo-Christian or Western culture, which became dominant not because it made any genuine contributions, but only "because of the abuse of political power."

Critical theory takes to heart Marx's dictum that the purpose of philosophy is not to interpret the world, but to change it.  It calls people to become activists - to identify groups as either oppressors or oppressed, and then to liberate the oppressed from their "false consciousness" and resist their oppressors.

In critical theory, the key question is not whether an idea is true, but rather, whose interests does it serve? How does it legitimate domination?  How does it perpetuate unequal power relations?

Critical theory has been dubbed "the sociopolitical turn" in mathematics education.  It has roots, like Marxism itself, in the philosophy of Hegel. The German philosopher held a kind of pantheism, in which the real actor in history is not the individual, but a collective consciousness that he called the Absolute Mind or Spirit (in German, Geist).  This collective consciousness expresses itself through a community's language, laws, morality, religion, and culture.

Indeed, according to Hegel, individuals do not even have original ideas of their own.  Their thoughts are merely expressions of the pantheistic Mind.  In his words, individuals "are all the time the unconscious tools of the World Mind at work within them."

Hegel's successors reduced the collective consciousness to a metaphor - to the Zeitgeist (literally, the spirit of the age: Zeit = time, Geist = spirit).  What his followers retained, however, was the idea that individuals are "unconscious tools" of a communal consciousness.  They are not producers of culture so much as products of a particular culture and community.

In our own day, this idea has led to the extreme conclusion that individuals are little more than mouthpieces for communities based on sex, race, class, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and gender identity. Every community is said to have its own "truth" derived from its unique experience and perspective, which cannot be judged by anyone outside the community.

This reductionistic vision treats individuals as puppets of social forces.  It says people hold convictions not because they have good reasons, but because they are men or women, heterosexual or homosexual, black or white, Asian or Hispanic, or some other group identity.

Sound familiar?  This is multiculturalism.  Identity politics.  Political correctness.

Critical theorists argue that mathematics is just another arbitrary human creation that has been used to privilege certain groups while excluding others.  Since all worldviews are regarded as equally valid, the selection of any one worldview to teach in the classroom can only be a matter of privileging the interests of one social group over others.

[Ron: This implies that a valid classroom can only contain one social group and so every "social group" must have its own classroom.].

But critical theory contains a fatal self-contradiction.  While proponents of the theory treat everyone else's beliefs as relative to social conditions, they treat their own beliefs as objective and universally true. And they are just as exclusive as anyone else in insisting that their view captures the way things really are.

Critical theory is also inherently coercive, which makes it dangerous.  Because it reduces truth claims to power plays, it has no problem with using power to advance its own views.  Gutiérrez warns, "Any resistance to the sociopolitical turn is a form of hegemony."  In other words, no resistance, no disagreement allowed.

Many educators are buying into critical theory because it promises them a more culturally sensitive approach for helping non-white students become more confident in their mathematical abilities - certainly a worthy goal.  But ultimately, critical theory will harm more than help.  Because it denies the very possibility of knowledge, ironically, it undercuts the deepest motivation for education: the unrelenting search for truth.

[Colour fonts, bolding and comments in square brackets added.].

Nancy Pearcey is a professor and scholar in residence at Houston Baptist University and the author of several books, including Total Truth and Love Thy Body.




All writings by members of AbundantHope are copyrighted by
©2005-2020 AbundantHope - All rights reserved

Detailed explanation of AbundantHope's Copyrights are found here


Top of Page

Education
Latest Headlines
Texas School Officials Caught Promoting Marxism & Terrorism
BBC Pushes ‘White Privilege’ Through Bitesize School Education Service
Insider Exposes LGBT Invasion of Public Schools
Columbia University to Hold Five Week ‘Deconstructing Whiteness’ Lecture Series For White Students
American University Students are Coddled, thin-skinned Snowflakes, and Social Media is to Blame
Democratic Socialists Of America Teams Up With Teachers Unions To Reform Schools
Rutgers University Tackles "Racist" Proper Grammar Standards
Universities Across America Want Students To Read This Book. We Did It For You...
Does Mathematics = Western Imperialism ?
Were Christians Always So Left-Wing ?
Rutgers University Declares Grammar 'Racist'
"Schools Steal This Joy From Children": Homeschool & Outdoor Programs See Huge Surge Amid COVID-19
At Princeton, Masters And Slaves
The University System Was Once the Jewel in Britain’s Crown, but not anymore… it needs a complete overhaul
‘Education’ or ‘child abuse’? Wife of ex-Clinton Adviser tells parents to WATCH PORN WITH KIDS, igniting internet
Kick The Culture War Off Campus
The Lost Boys? The White Working Class Is Being Left Behind
Smithsonian Museum: Individuality, Objective Thinking Are Signs of "Whiteness"
The Despicable Behavior Of Today's Academicians
A Curriculum of Indoctrination: How left-wing teaching unions are holding parents & children to ransom